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Taxonavigation: Asterales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids II
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Carduoideae
Tribus: Cardueae
Subtribus: Carduinae
Genus: Synurus
Species: S. deltoides – S. excelsus – S. pungens


Synurus Iljin, 1926.

Typus: S. atriplicifolius (Trev.) Iljin = Synurus deltoides (Aiton) Nakai



  • Hassler, M. 2018. Synurus. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World (version Mar. 2018). In: Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., Nieukerken E. van, Zarucchi J., Penev L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 May. 01.
  • International Plant Names Index. 2018. Synurus. Published online. Accessed May. 01 2018.
  • The Plant List 2013. Synurus in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 May. 01.
  • 2018. Synurus . Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 May. 01.

Vernacular names[edit]

中文: 山牛蒡
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Synurus on Wikimedia Commons.