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Taxonavigation: Proteales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Ordo: Proteales

Familia: Proteaceae
Subfamilia: Proteoideae
Tribus: Conospermeae
Subtribus: Conosperminae
Genus: Synaphea
Species: S. acutiloba – S. brachyceras – S. diabolica – S. dilatata – S. odocoileops – S. pandurata – S. petiolaris – S. polypodioides – S. preissii – S. stenoloba – S. trinacriformis – S. xela


Synaphea R. Br. Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 155. (1810)


  • Brown, R. (1810) Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 10: 155. BHL
  • Butcher, R. 2000. Synaphea brachyceras (Proteaceae: Conospermeae), a new species from the Arthur River area in south-west Western Australia. Nuytsia 13(2): 265–271. BHL Reference page
  • Butcher, R. 2006: Synaphea xela (Proteaceae: Conosperminae), a new species from the Jurien-Eneabba area of south-west Western Australia. Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia 89: 123–127. PDF Reference page
  • Butcher, R. 2007: Four new conservation-listed species of Synaphea (Proteaceae: Conospermineae) from the Jarrah Forest region of south-west Western Australia. Nuytsia 17: 97–116. PDF Reference page
  • Butcher, R. & Thiele, K.R. (2014) An investigation of taxon boundaries in rare and range-restricted Synaphea (Proteaceae: Conosperminae) species from south-west Western Australia. Australian Systematic Botany 27(2) 119-144. DOI: 10.1071/SB14015
  • International Plant Names Index. 2015. Synaphea. Published online. Accessed Feb. 29 2015.
  • 2015. Synaphea . Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2015 Feb. 29.
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Synaphea on Wikimedia Commons.