Solanum umbelliferum

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Solanales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Solanales

Familia: Solanaceae
Subfamilia: Solanoideae
Tribus: Solaneae
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: S. subg. Solanum
Sectio: S. sect. Dulcamara
Species: Solanum umbelliferum

Name[edit]

Solanum umbelliferum Eschsch. (1826:283)

  • Lectotype: J.F.G. von Eschscholtz s.n. (LE)
    • Designated by Knapp (2013).
  • Type location: United States of America. California: [San Francisco County], San Francisco.

Synonyms[edit]

(After Knapp, 2013, with bibliographical corrections; Dashed numbers are accession numbers, nondashed numbers are barcode numbers.)

  • Solanum genistoides Dunal (1852:85)
    • Holotype: D. Douglas s.n. (G00144979, G-DC; Morton neg. 8400)
      • Isotypes: BM (BM000937786), GH (GH00077420), K (K000658255, K000658282)
    • Type location: United States of America. "California", 1833.
  • Solanum californicum Dunal (1852:86)
  • Solanum umbelliferum var. californicum (Dunal) Parish (1901:172)
    • Lectotype: D. Douglas s.n. (G00144968, G-DC; Morton neg. 8401)
      • Isolectotypes: BM (BM0BM00083818300937786), GH (GH00077415), K (K000658276, K000658251)
      • Designated by McVaugh (2000:505).
    • Type location: United States of America. "California", 1833.
  • Solanum menziesii Dunal (1852:159)
    • Holotype: A. Menzies s.n. (BM000934858, BM)
    • Type location: United States of America. California: Monterey County, Monterey.
  • Solanum umbelliferum var. glabrescens Torr. (1856:17)
    • Lectotype: T. Antisell s.n. (NY00821174, NY)
      • Designated by Knapp (2013).
    • Type location: United States of America. California: San Bernardino County; between San Bernardino and San Gabriel, 1854-1855.
  • Solanum umbelliferum var. incanum Torr. (1856:17)
    • Holotype: T. Antisell s.n. (NY00820618, NY)
      • Designated by Knapp (2013).
    • Type location: United States of America. California: Monterey County, head[waters] of the San Antonio [River], 1855.
  • Solanum xanti A.Gray (1876:90)
    • Lectotype: L.J. Xantus de Vesey 73 (GH00077430, GH)
      • Designated by Parish (1901:161).
    • Type location: United States of America. California: Kern County, Fort Tejon and vicinity, near lat. 35°and long. 119°, 1857-1858.
  • Solanum palmeri Vasey & Rose (1889:352)
    • Holotype: E. Palmer 704 (US00027766, US)
      • Isotypes: LE, NY (NY00139015, NY00139016)
    • Type location: Mexico. Baja California: Bahia San Quintin [i.e. San Quentin Bay], Feb 1889.
  • Solanum cupuliferum Greene (1895:72)
    • Neotype: E.L. Greene s.n. (NDG-045023, NDG)
      • Designated by Knapp (2013). Possibly a syntype, which would make this a lectotype, but Greene did not list specimen and his locations aren't specific enough (Knapp, 2013).
    • Type location: United States of America. California: Napa County, Napa Valley near Oakville, 1 Apr 1895.
  • Solanum tenuilobatum Parish (1901:165)
    • Holotype: C.C. Parry s.n. (GH00077504, GH)
    • Type location: Mexico. Baja California: near Ensenada, Apr 1882.
  • Solanum wallacei var. viridis Parish (1901:166)
    • Type: "A. Eastwood s.n." (not located)
      • Parish listed the syntype locations as his own herbarium (now at DS) and CAS (Knapp, 2013).
    • Type location: United States of America. California: Monterey County, Pacific Valley, May 1897.
  • Solanum xanti var. intermedium Parish (1901:168)
    • Lectotype: S.B. Parish 4388 (JEPS-12142, JEPS)
      • Isolectotypes: BM (BM000934851), GH (GH00077431), MO (MO-884365, MO-2045917), US (US-313423)
      • Designated by Knapp (2013).
    • Type location: United States of America. California: San Bernardino County, vicinity of San Bernardino, 12 May 1897.
  • Solanum xanti var. glabrescens Parish (1901:169)
  • Solanum parishii A.Heller (1906:133)
    • Lectotype: S.B. Parish 4384 (JEPS-12146, JEPS)
      • Isolectotypes: DS (DS-106503), MO (MO-2045937, MO-884367), NY (NY00743231), US (US-313421)
      • Designated by Knapp (2013).
    • Type location: United States of America. California: San Bernardino County, vicinity of San Bernardino, 5 May 1897.
  • Solanum xanti var. spencerae J.F.Macbr. (1922:43)
    • Holotype: M.F. Spencer 1069 (GH00077432, GH)
      • Isotype: NY (NY00138960)
    • Type location: United States of America. California: San Diego County, Torrey Pines near San Diego, 28 Mar 1919.
  • Solanum arborescens Clokey (1931:60), non S. arborescens Moench (1794, =S. bonariense Linnaeus, C.)
  • Solanum clokeyi Munz (1932:69)
  • Solanum wallacei var. clokeyi (Munz) McMinn (1939:491)
    • Lectotype: I.W. Clokey 5047 (UC905430, UC)
      • Isolectotypes:UC (UC535574), A (A00077418), G (G00357912), GH (GH00077417), JEPS (JEPS12106), POM (POM-199830), RSA (RSA-19599)
      • Designated by Knapp (2013).
    • Type location: United States of America. California: Santa Barbara County, Santa Cruz Island, Pelican Bay, 23 May 1930.
  • Solanum xanti var. montanum Munz (1932:70)
    • Holotype: P. Munz 5718 (POM-13481, POM)
      • Isotype: UC (UC218202)
    • Type location: United States of America. California: San Bernardino County, north end of Bear Valley, San Bernardino Mountains, 6000-8500 ft., 26 Mar 1925.
  • Solanum xanti var. hoffmannii Munz (1932:70)
    • Holotype: P. Munz 9315 (POM-98450, POM)
    • Type location: United States of America. California: Santa Barbara County, Gaviota Pass.
  • Solanum obispoense Eastw. (1934:104)
    • Lectotype: M.E. Wall s.n. (CAS-204657, CAS)
      • Isolectotypes: CAS (CAS-204658), DS (DS-230359), GH (GH00077425), POM (POM-203041), US (US-1651755)
      • Designated by Knapp (2013).
    • Type location: United States of America. California: San Luis Obispo County, Santa Margarita, El Dorado School, 20 Apr 1933.

References[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

(Knapp, 2013)

English: blue witch, bluewitch nightshade
For more multimedia, look at Category:Solanum umbelliferum on Wikimedia Commons.