Solanum retroflexum

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Solanum retroflexum

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Solanales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Solanales

Familia: Solanaceae
Subfamilia: Solanoideae
Tribus: Solaneae
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: S. subg. Solanum
Sectio: S. sect. Solanum
Species: Solanum retroflexum

Name[edit]

Solanum retroflexum Dunal (1852:50)

  • Lectotype: J.F. Drège 7864b (G00144331, G-DC)
  • Isolectotype: K (K000414172), S (acc. # S-G-5707)
    • Designated by Särkinen et al. (2018)
  • Type locality: Africa. Eastern Cape: Graaff Reinet ("Graafeynet"), 3000–4000 ft, 1838

Synonyms[edit]

(After Särkinen et al., 2018)

Homotypic
  • Solanum retroflexum var. angustifolium Dunal (1852:50)
    • Dunal did not annotate material for the typical variety other than a Saudi Arabia specimen (P.E. Botta s.n., P00055172) that represent S. villosum and was excluded when making the designation by Särkinen et al. (2018). The result is homotypy between these two names.
Heterotypic
  • Solanum retroflexum var. latifolium Dunal (1852:50)
    • Lectotype: J.F. Drège 7864a (G00144331, G-DC)
    • Isolectotype: BM (BM000943868), K (K000414175), P (P00341909)
      • Designated by Särkinen et al. (2018)
    • Type locality: South Africa. Western Cape: Paarlberg, 1000-2000 ft, 1838
  • Solanum burbankii Bitter (1913:83, "Burbanki")
    • Neotype: s.c. s.n. [Waldstein] (MO-3002957, acc. # 6651350, MO)
      • Designated by Särkinen et al. (2018)
    • Type locality: Cultivated in St. Louis, Missouri (USA) in the garden of Mr. Waldstein, seeds from Childs, 1 Sep 1909
  • Solanum nigrum var. probstii Polg. (in Probst, 1928:71)
    • Lectotype: R. Probst s.n. (acc. # 485285, BP)
      • Designated by Särkinen et al. (2018)
    • Type locality: Switzerland. Solothurn: Degend. K.K. [= Wollkompost der Kammgarnfabrik Derendingen], 24 Aug 1926
  • Solanum burbankii var. glabrescens Polg. (in Probst, 1928:72)
    • Lectotype: R. Probst s.n. (acc. # 485327, BP)
      • Designated by Särkinen et al. (2018)
    • Type locality: Switzerland. Solothurn: Degend. K.K. [= Wollkompost der Kammgarnfabrik Derendingen], 20 Oct 1922

References[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Wonderberry or Sunberry
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Solanum retroflexum on Wikimedia Commons.