Solanum africanum

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Solanales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Solanales

Familia: Solanaceae
Subfamilia: Solanoideae
Tribus: Solaneae
Genus: Solanum
Subgenus: S. subg. Lyciosolanum
Species: Solanum africanum

Name[edit]

Solanum africanum Mill. (1768:26 s.v. "Solanum")

  • Lectotype: "Solanum dulcamarum Africanum, foliis crassis hirsutis" in Dillenius, Hort. Eltham. 2: 365, t. 273, f. 352. 1732
    • Epitype: s.c. s.n. (Dill-HE 273-352, sheet 1, OXF)
      • Both designated by Knapp & Vorontsova (2016)
  • Type locality: South Africa. Cape of Good Hope.

Synonyms[edit]

(After Knapp & Vorontsova, 2016)

Homotypic
  • Solanum crassifolium Lam. (1794:16)
    • Lectotype designated by Knapp & Vorontsova (2016)
  • Witheringia crassifolia (Lam.) Dunal (1813:108)
  • Solanum quadrangulare var. crassifolium (Lam.) Friedrich August Georg Bitter (1917:431)
Heterotypic
  • Solanum quadrangulare Thunb. ex L.f. (1781:147)
    • Lectotype: P. Thunberg [476] (LINN 248.26)
      • Designater by Knapp & Vorontsova (2016)
    • Type locality: South Africa. Western Cape: "Cape of Good Hope".
  • Solanum bracteatum Thunb. (1818:16).
    • See Knapp & Vorontsova (2016) for a discussion about the proper place of publication of this name.
    • Type specimen: No specimens found (Knapp & Vorontsova, 2016).
    • Type location: South Africa.
  • Solanum aggerum Dunal (1852:103)
    • Holotype: P.P.S. Krauss s.n. (G00301688, G)
    • Isotype (possible): MO (MO-1811850)
    • Type location: South Africa. Western Cape: "Cape, in oasis Zitzikania".
  • Solanum exasperatum Drège ex Dunal (1852:104)
    • Holotype: J.F. Drège s.n. (G00145074, G-DC)
    • Isotype: MPU (MPU011259)
    • Type location: Type. South Africa. KwaZulu-Natal: "in frutecetis haud procul a maris littore, inter Umcomas [Unkomaas] et Natal"
  • Solanum geniculatum Drège ex Dunal (1852:105)
    • Holotype: J.F. Drège s.n. (G00145049, G-DC)
    • Isotype: K (K000414161)
    • Type location: South Africa. KwaZulu-Natal: "in frutecetis inter Umsamculo [Umzimkhulu?] et Omcomas [Unkomaas], haud procul a maris littore".
  • Solanum longipes Dunal (1852:85)
    • Holotype: J.F. Drège s.n. (G00144869, G-DC)
    • Type location: South Africa. KwaZulu-Natal: Natal, "locis natalis incestus".
  • Solanum quadrangulare var. integrifolium Dunal (1852:77)
    • Holotype: J.F. Drège s.n. (G00144675, G-DC)
    • Isotype: K (K000414165)
    • Type location: South Africa. Western Cape: Stellenbosch.
  • Solanum quadrangulare var. sinuato-angulatum Dunal (1852:77)
    • Holotype: J.F. Drège s.n. (G-DC)
    • Isotype: K (K000414162)
    • Type location: South Africa. Western Cape: between Cape Town and Stellenbosch.
  • Solanum quadrangulare var. glabrum Dammer (1906:179)
    • Syntype: Rust 430, 484 (likely at B and destroyed, no duplicates found, Knapp & Vorontsova, 2016)
    • Type location: South Africa. Western Cape: Riversdale.

References[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

Afrikaans: dronkbessie
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Solanum africanum on Wikimedia Commons.