Scleropages formosus

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Scleropages formosus


Taxonavigation: Osteoglossiformes 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohort: Osteoglossocephala
Cohort/Superordo: Osteoglossomorpha
Ordo: Osteoglossiformes

Familia: Osteoglossidae
Genus: Scleropages
Species: Scleropages formosus



Scleropages formosus (Müller& Schlegel, 1844)

  • Lectotype: RMNH 3386, designated by van Oijen & van der Meij, 2013: 370, fig. 10a [type series includes only specimens on plate 1; is RMNH 3386 one of them ?]; invalid neotype ( MZB 11887) designation by Pouyaud et al., 2003: 294.

Type locality: Indonesia: Borneo: Kampong Kwâla-pattai, Dano Mahoeroeng, a small lake connected to Doeson River by a narrow canal, 1°S 115°E




  • Austin, C. M., Tan, M. H., Croft, L. J., Hammer, M. P. & Gan, H. M., 2015: Whole genome sequencing of the Asian arowana (Scleropages formosus) provides insights into the evolution of ray-finned fishes. Genome Biology and Evolution, First published online: October 6, 2015. DOI: 10.1093/gbe/evv18610.1093/gbe/evv186
  • Bian, C., Hu, Y., Ravi, V., Kuznetsova, I.S., Shen, X., Mu, X., Sun, Y., You, X., Li, J., Li, X., Qiu, Y., Tay, B.-H., May, Thevasagayam, N.M., Komissaro, A.S., Trifonov, V., Kabilov, M., Tupikin, A., Luo, J., Liu, Y., Song, H., Liu, C., Wang, X., Gu, D., Yang, Y., Li, W., Polgar, G., Fan, G., Zeng, P., Zhang, H., Xiong, Z., Tang, Z., Peng, C., Ruan, Z., Yu, H., Chen, J., Fan, M., Huang, Y., Wang, M., Zhao, X., Hu, G., Yang, H., Wang, J., Wang, J., Xu, X., Song, L., Xu, G., Xu, P., Xu, J., O’Brien, S.J., Orbán, L., Venkatesh, B. & Shi, Q. 2016. The Asian arowana (Scleropages formosus) genome provides new insights into the evolution of an early lineage of teleosts. Scientific Reports, 6: 24501. DOI: 10.1038/srep24501 Reference page
  • Kottelat, M. 2013. The fishes of the inland waters of southeast Asia: a catalogue and core bibiography of the fishes known to occur in freshwaters, mangroves and estuaries. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Supplement No. 27: 1–663. PDF. Reference page
  • Müller, S. & Schlegel, H. 1840. Beschrijving van een' nieuwen Zoetwater-visch van Borneo, Osteoglossum formosum. Verhandelingen over de natuurlijke geschiedenis der Nederlandsche overzeesche bezittingen / door de Leden der Natuurkundige Commissie in Indië en andere schrijvers; uitgegeven ... door C. J. Temminck, No. 2: 1–7, Pl. 1. Reference page
  • Pouyaud, L., Sudarto & Teugels, G. G., 2003: The different colour varieties of the Asian arowana Scleropages formosus (Osteoglossidae) are distinct species: morphologic and genetic evidences. Cybium, 27 (4): 287–305. Reference page
  • van Oijen, M. J. P. & van der Meij, S. E. T., 2013: The types of Osteoglossum formosum Müller & Schlegel, 1840 (Teleostei, Osteoglossidae). Zootaxa 3722(3): 361–371. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3722.3.5. Full article (PDF). Reference page

Vernacular names

čeština: Arowana asijská
English: Asian bonytongue, Asian arowana
magyar: Ázsiai csontnyelvű hal
日本語: アジアアロワナ
svenska: Asiatisk arowana
ไทย: ปลาตะพัด, ปลาอะโรวาน่า
中文: 金龙鱼, 红龙鱼
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