Sapindus mukorossi

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Sapindus mukorossi


Taxonavigation: Sapindales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Sapindales

Familia: Sapindaceae
Subfamilia: Sapindoideae
Tribus: Sapindeae
Genus: Sapindus
Species: Sapindus mukorossi


Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 342, t. 70, fig. 3. (1788)


  • Heterotypic
    • Sapindus abruptus Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 238 (1790); as SAPINDUS ABRRUPTUS; not accepted by Rehder & Wilson (1916: 191) [cited as Sapindus mukorossi]
    • Sapindus detergens Roxb., Hort. Bengal.: 29 (1814); Fl. Ind. ed. 1832, 2: 280 (1832); not accepted by Nasir & Ali (1970–1995) and Chang, Kim & Chang (2014: 499) [cited as Sapindus mukorossi]
    • Sapindus acuminatus Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 139 (1835); not accepted by Chang, Kim & Chang (2014: 499) [cited as Sapindus mukorossi]
    • Sapindus boninensis Tuyama, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49: 449 (1935); not accepted by Iwatsuki, Boufford & Ohba (1999) [cited as Sapindus mukorossi]


According to, type citation is as follows:

  • Type: E.H. Wilson 759, May, June & December 1907 (syntype: A).
  • Type locality: China. Hubei: neighborhood of Ichang, roadsides, 30-1000 m.

Almost the same protologue is found in Rehder & Wilson (1916: 191).


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central, Hainan, China Southeast
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Korea, Kazan-retto, Nansei-shoto, Ogasawara-shoto, Taiwan
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, India, Nepal, West Himalaya
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]


Vernacular names[edit]

অসমীয়া: মণিছাল
বাংলা: রিঠা
English: Indian soapberry, Chinese soapberry
suomi: Kiinansaippuamarja
日本語: ムクロジ
한국어: 무환자나무
Nederlands: grote zeepnoot
संस्कृतम्: रिष्ट
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Sapindus mukorossi on Wikimedia Commons.