Rhizoplaca melanophthalma

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Taxonavigation

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Taxonavigation: Lecanorales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Lecanorales

Familia: Lecanoraceae
Genus: Rhizoplaca
Species: Rhizoplaca melanophthalma
Subspecies: R. m. subsp. cerebriformis – R. m. subsp. crispa – R. m. subsp. melanophthalma

Varietates: R. m. var. melanophthalma – R. m. var. obscura

Name

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Rhizoplaca melanophthalma (DC.) Leuckert, 1977

Substrate and ecology: On rock, usually calcium-low (e.g., basalt, granite, schist), but sometimes on calcium rich sandstone or even on limestone, usually on ± exposed and often somewhat nutrient-enriched surfaces, from pinyon-juniper communities up to the spruce zone and into the lower alpine

World distribution: Circumbipolar, circumboreal, circumaustral except for Australasia; extending to the tropics in alpine areas; Europe, Asia, northwestern and eastern Africa, North and South America, Antarctica

Basionym: Lichen melanophthalma DC., in Lamarck & de Candolle, Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 2: 377 (1805)

Synonyms

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References

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  • Leuckert, Nova Hedwigia 28: 72 (1977)
  • Leuckert, C.; Poelt, J. and Hähnel, G, (1977) Zur Chemotaxonomie der eurasischen Arten der Flechtengattung Rhizoplaca. - Nova Hedwigia 28: 71–129.   (RLL List # 96 / Rec. # 11420 - Recent Literature on Lichens)
  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Rhizoplaca (pp. 638-641) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages.   (RLL List # 184 / Rec. # 22465 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Discussion of Rhizoplaca melanophthalma and distribution map for North America: p. 640; color photo: p. 640, plate 781)
  • Castello, M. (2010) Notes on the lichen genus Rhizoplaca from continental Antarctica and on some other species from northern Victoria Land. The Lichenologist 42(4): 429–437.   (RLL List # 219 / Rec. # 31774 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (DOI: 10.1017/S0024282909990740)
  • Goward, T., McCune, B. & Meidinger, D.V. 1994. The lichens of British Columbia - Illustrated Keys - Part 1 - Foliose and Squamulose Species. Province of British Columbia, Ministry of Forests Research Program, 181 pp. (RLL List # 156 / Rec.# 6950 - Recent Literature on Lichens) [1] Reference page. : Rhizoplaca (pp. 124-125)
  • McCune, B. and Rosentreter, R. (2007) Biotic Soil Crust Lichens of the Columbia Basin. - Monographs in North American Lichenology. Volume 1. Northwest Lichenologists, Ltd., Corvallis.. 105 pp.   (RLL List # 206 / Rec. # 29002 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Discussion of Rhizoplaca melanophthalma and color photo: p. 311)
  • Moberg, R. and Holmåsen, I. (1982) Lavar. En Fälthkandbok. Stockholm: Interpublishing, 240 pp. (Illustration of Rhizoplaca melanopthalma: p. 114)
  • Poelt, J. (1958) Die lobaten Arten der Flechtengattung Lecanora Ach. sensu ampl. in der Holarktis. Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 2(19-20): 411–589.   (RLL List # 30 / Rec. # 14805 - Recent Literature on Lichens)
  • Ryan, B.D. (2002) Rhizoplaca (pp. 442-448) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 1. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 532 pages.   (RLL List # 187 / Rec. # 23123 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Discussion of Rhizoplaca melanophthalma and distribution map for the Sonoran region: p. 446)
  • Thomson, J.W. (1997) Rhizoplaca Zopf (pp. 553-555) In, American Arctic Lichens: 2. The Microlichens. The University of Wisconsin Press, 675 pages.   (RLL List # 170 / Rec. # 18517 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Discussion of Rhizoplaca melanophthalma: pp. 554-555; distribution map for the American arctic: p. 555)
  • Vitt, D.H.; Marsh, J.E. and Bovey, R.B. (1988) Mosses, Lichens & Ferns of North America. Edmonston: Lone Pine Publishing, 296 pp.   (RLL List # 135 / Rec. # 19839 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of Rhizoplaca melanopthalma: p. 190)
  • Checklist to Norwegian lichens
  • USDA Plants Database
  • North American Lichen Checklist, Version (#17) 16 May 2011
  • Index Fungorum
  • MycoBank
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Vernacular names

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English: Green rock-posy lichen,   Rimmed navel lichen