Radiolaria

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Name[правіць]

Radiolaria

Radiolaria Müller, 1858

Synonyms:

References[правіць]

  • Anderson, O.R., 1983. Radiolaria. Springer-Verlag. Springer, New York, 365 pp.
  • Boltovskoy, D.; Anderson, O.R.; Correa, N.M. (2017). Radiolaria and Phaeodaria. In: Archibald, J.M., Simpson, A.G.B., Slamovits, C. (Eds.). Handbook of the Protists. Springer, pp. 1-33. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-32669-6_19-2
  • Haeckel, E., 1860a. Über neue, lebende Radiolarien des Mittelmeeres und legte die dazu gehörigen Abbildungen. Monat. Königl. Preuß. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1860: 794–817.
  • Haeckel, E., 1860b. Fernere Abbildungen und Diagnosen neuer Gattungen und Arten von lebenden Radiolarien des Mittelmeeres. Monat. Königl. Preuß. Akad. Wiss. Berlin, 1860: 835–845.
  • Haeckel, E., 1862-1888. Die Radiolarien. (Rhizopoda Radiaria.) Eine Monographie. Georg Reimer, Berlin
    • 1. Theil (Text). 1862.
    • 1. Theil (Tafeln). Atlas von fünf und dreissig Kupfertafeln. 1862.
    • 2. Theil. Grundriss einer allgemeinen Naturgeschichte der Radiolarien. Mit 64 Tafeln. 1887.
    • 3. Theil. Die Acantharien oder Actipyleen Radiolarien. Mit 12 Tafeln. 1888.
    • 4. Theil. Die Phaeodarien oder Cannopyleen Radiolarien. Mit 30 Tafeln. 1888.
  • Haeckel, E. 1882. Entwurf eines Radiolarien-Systems auf Grund von Studien der Challenger-Radiolarien. Jenaische Zeitschrift Naturwissenschaft, 15(8): 418–472. BHL Reference page. 
  • Haeckel, E., 1884. Über die Ordnungen der Radiolarien. Sitz. Jena. Gesell. Med. Naturwiss., 1883: 18–36.

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Links[правіць]

Vernacular names[правіць]

беларуская: Прамянёвікі
български: Радиоларии
català: Radiolari
čeština: mřížovci, radiolárie
српски / srpski: Радиоларије
Deutsch: Strahlentierchen
English: radiolarians
español: Radiolario
Esperanto: Radiulo
euskara: Erradiolario
فارسی: شعاعیان
français: Radiolaria
italiano: Radiolari
Latina: Radiolaria
Nederlands: Stralendiertjes
日本語: 放散虫
Plattdüütsch: Radiolaria
polski: Promienice
português: Radiolaria
русский: Радиолярии
svenska: Radiolarier
Türkçe: Işınlılar
українська: Радіолярії
中文: 放射蟲


Alternative classifications[правіць]

Müller (1858)[правіць]

From Müller, J. (1858). Über die Thalassicollen, Polycystinen und Acanthometren des Mittelmeeres. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.

Rhizopoda

  • Rhizopoda radiaria s. radiolaria
    • Radiolaria solitaria
      • Thalassicollae
      • Polycystina
      • Acanthometrae
    • Radiolaria polyzoa
      • Sphaerozoum
      • Collosphaera

Haeckel (1862)[правіць]

From Haeckel, E. (1862). Die Radiolarien (Rhizopoda radiaria): eine Monographie. Vol. 1. Reimer, Berlin.

Radiolaria

  • Monozoa (Radiolaria solitaria, Monocyttaria)
  • Polyzoa (Radiolaria socialis, Polycyttaria)

Bütschli (1880–1889)[правіць]

From Bütschli, O. (1880–1889). Dr. H.G. Bronn's Klassen und Ordnungen des Thier-Reichs: wissenschaftlich dargestellt in Wort und Bild. Erster Band: Protozoa. Abt. I, Sarkodina und Sporozoa, 1880-82 [1]. Abt. III, Infusoria und System der Radiolaria, 1887-89 [2]. C.F. Winter, Leipzig.

Phylum Protozoa

Haeckel (1887)[правіць]

From Haeckel, E. (1887). Report on the radiolarian collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. In: Report on the scientific results of the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-76 . Zoology, Vol. 18, pt. 1, pt. 2, plates.

Radiolaria

Campbell (1954)[правіць]

Campbell, A. S. Radiolaria. In: Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part D Protista 3 (Chiefly Radiolarians And Tintinnines), 1954, [3].

Protista

Kudo (1954)[правіць]

Protozoology, 4th ed., [4].

Honigberg et al. (1964)[правіць]

In Class Actinopodea
Subclass Radiolaria

Anderson (1983)[правіць]

Anderson, O. R. (1983). Radiolaria. Springer-Verlag, New York, [5].

Actinopoda

Cavalier-Smith (1993)[правіць]

From Kingdom Protozoa and its 18 phyla

In Phylum Radiozoa
Subphylum Radiolaria Müller 1858 emend. stat. nov.

De Wever et al. (2001)[правіць]

De Wever, P., Dumitrica, P., Caulet, J.P., Nigrini, C., Caridroit, M., 2001. Radiolarians in the Sedimentary Record. Taylor & Francis, [6], [7].

  • Kingdom Protista (or Protoctista) [p. xxi]
    • Subkindom Protozoa
      • Phylum Sarcomastigophora
        • Subphylum Sarcodina
          • Superclass Actinopodea (informal name: actinopods; traditional name: radiolarians, heliozoans)
            • Class Polycystina (informal name: polycystines; traditional name: radiolarians)
            • Class Phaeodaria (informal name: phaeodarians; traditional name: radiolarians)
            • Class Heliozoa (informal name: heliozoans; traditional name: sun animalcules)
            • Class Acantharia (informal name: acantharians; traditional name: sun animalcules)


Cavalier-Smith (2002)[правіць]

From The phagotrophic origin of eukaryotes and phylogenetic classification of Protozoa

In Phylum Retaria
Radiolaria

Nikolaev et al. (2005)[правіць]

From The twilight of Heliozoa and rise of Rhizaria, an emerging supergroup of amoeboid eukaryotes, [8].

Eukaryota

Adl et al. (2005)[правіць]

From Adl, S.M. et al. (2005). The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists. Journal of eukaryotic microbiology. Vol. 52, no. 5, p. 399-451.

Rhizaria Cavalier-Smith 2002

Pugachev et al. (2011)[правіць]

From Protista 3.

Protists (Eukaryota)

Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Radiolaria on Wikimedia Commons. (en) – (Please translate this into беларуская.)