Prunus amygdalus

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Prunus amygdalus

Taxonavigation

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Taxonavigation: Rosales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Rosales

Familia: Rosaceae
Subfamilia: Amygdaloideae
Tribus: Amygdaleae
Genus: Prunus
Subgenus: P. subg. Amygdalus
Species: Prunus amygdalus

Prunus amygdalus Batsch, Beytr. Entw. Gewächsreich 1: 30 (1801).

Synonyms

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  • Replaced synonym
    • Amygdalus communis L., Sp. Pl.: 473 (1753), non Prunus communis Huds. (1778).
  • Homotypic
    • Prunus communis (L.) Arcang., Comp. Fl. Ital. 209. (1882), nom. illeg. non Huds. (1778).
    • Amygdalus amygdalus (Batsch) Frye & Rigg, Northw. Fl.: 134 (1912), nom. inval.
    • Druparia amygdalus (Batsch) Clairv., Man. Herbor. Suisse: 160 (1811).
  • Heterotypic
    • Amygdalus dulcis Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 2 (1768).
    • Amygdalus amara Duhamel, Traité Arbr. Arbust. 1: 123 (1768).
      • Prunus dulcis var. amara (Duhamel) Buchheim in R.Zander, Handw.-Buch Pfl.-Namen, ed. 10: 741 (1972).
    • Amygdalus amygdalina Oken ex M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 3: 8 (1847).
    • Amygdalus cochinchinensis Lour., Fl. Cochinch.: 316 (1790).
      • Prunus cochinchinensis (Lour.) Koehne, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 52: 300 (1915).
    • Amygdalus communis var. fragilis Ser. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 2: 531 (1825).
      • Prunus dulcis var. fragilis (Ser.) Buchheim in R.Zander, Handw.-Buch Pfl.-Namen, ed. 10: 741 (1972).
    • Amygdalus communis var. macrocarpa Ser. in A.P.de Candolle, , Prodr. 2: 531 (1825)
    • Amygdalus decipiens Poit. & Turpin in H.L. Duhamel du Monceau, Traité Arbr. Fruit. 1: n.º 8 (1830).
    • Amygdalus elata Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 356 (1796).
    • Amygdalus korshinskyi var. bornmuelleri Browicz, Arbor. Kórnickie 19: 18 (1974).
    • Amygdalus sativa Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.º 3 (1768).
    • Amygdalus sinensis Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 81 (1840).
    • Amygdalus stocksiana Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 2: 45 (1856).
      • Prunus stocksiana (Boiss.) Brandis, Indian Trees: 278 (1906).
    • Prunus dulcis var. spontanea (Korsh.) Buchheim in R.Zander, Handw.-Buch Pfl.-Namen, ed. 10: 742 (1972).
    • Prunus intermedia A.Sav., Compt. Rend. Assoc. Franç. Avancem. Sci. Assoc. Sci. France 11: 434 (1882 publ. 1883).

Distribution

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Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Great Britain.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Hungary, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Yugoslavia.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Canary Islands.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Turkmenistan, Tadzhikistan, Uzbekistan.
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Turkey.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Pakistan.
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Idaho, Washington.
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • California.
  • Note: Grey script indicates introduced occurrences.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

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Vernacular names

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беларуская: Міндаль
български: Бадем
català: Ametller
čeština: Mandloň obecná
Deutsch: Mandel
English: Almond
español: Almendro
eesti: Harilik mandlipuu
suomi: Manteli
Nordfriisk: Mandel(buum)
français: Amandier
galego: Amendoeira
עברית: שקד מצוי
हिन्दी: बादाम
magyar: Mandula
italiano: Mandorlo
日本語: アーモンド
latviešu: Parastā mandele
Mirandés: Almendreira
Nederlands: Amandelboom
norsk: Mandel
polski: Migdałowiec pospolity
português: Amendoeira
русский: Миндаль обыкновенный
sardu: Mendula
slovenčina: Mandľa obyčajná
ไทย: อัลมอนด์
Türkçe: Badem
українська: Мигдаль
中文: 扁桃
For more multimedia, look at Prunus dulcis on Wikimedia Commons.