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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Protozoa
Subregnum: Sarcomastigota
Phylum: Amoebozoa
Subphylum: Conosa
Infraphylum: Mycetozoa
Classis: Stelamoebea
Ordo: Protostelida
Familiae: Protosteliidae - Cavosteliidae


Protostelida Olive & Stoianovitch, 1966

Similar groups

  • Protosteliida Olive, 1970, 1975
  • Protostelia Olive, 1970, 1975
  • Protosteliomycetes Alexopoulos & Mims, 1979
  • Protosteliomycota Edwards, 1976
  • Protostelea Cavalier-Smith, 1993
  • Protostela Hausmann & Hülsmann, 1996


  • Cavalier-Smith, T.; Chao, Ema E.-Y.; Oates, Brian. Molecular phylogeny of Amoebozoa and the evolutionary significance of the unikont Phalansterium, Europ. J. Protistol. 40, 21-48 (2004).
  • Spiegel, F.W.; Shadwick, L.L.; Ndiritu, G.G.; Brown, M.W.; Aguilar, M.; Shadwick, J.D. (2017). Protosteloid Amoebae (Protosteliida, Protosporangiida, Cavosteliida, Schizoplasmodiida, Fractoviteliida, and Sporocarpic Members of Vannellida, Centramoebida, and Pellitida). In: Archibald, J.M., Simpson, A.G.B., Slamovits, C. (Eds.). Handbook of the Protists. Springer, pp. 1–38. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-32669-6_12-1


Spiegel in Margulis et al. (1990)[edit]

Spiegel, F.W., 1990. 27b. Phylum Plasmodial Slime Molds, Class Protostelida. In: Margulis, L., J.O. Corliss, M. Melkonian, D.J. Chapman (ed.). Handbook of Protoctista. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Boston, p. 484-497. See Brands, S.J. (1989-2015), [1].

Kingdom Protoctista

  • Section IV: Phyla with flagellated stages and complex sexual cycles
    • Phylum 27. Plasmodial slime molds

Cavalier-Smith (1993)[edit]

From Kingdom Protozoa and its 18 phyla

In Phylum Mycetozoa, Subphylum Eumyxa
Class Protostelea Olive & Stoianovitch, 1966

David J. Patterson (1999)[edit]

From The Diversity of Eukaryotes

In Ramicristates

Adl et al. (2005)[edit]

Adl, S.M. et al. 2005: The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists. Journal of eukaryotic microbiology, 52 (5): 399–451. PDF


Adl et al. (2012)[edit]

Adl, S.M. et al. (2012). The revised classification of eukaryotes. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 59 (5): 429–514, [2].

[taxa containing "protosteloids"]