Polystachya concreta

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Polystachya concreta

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Vandeae
Subtribus: Polystachyinae
Genus: Polystachya
Species: Polystachya concreta

Name[edit]

Polystachya concreta (Jacq.) Garay & H.R.Sweet, Orquideologia 9: 206 (1974)

Synonymy[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Epidendrum concretum Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl.: 30 (1760)
  • Heterotypic
    • Epidendrum minutum Aubl., Hist. Pl. Guiane 2: 824 (1775)
    • Dendrobium polystachyum Sw., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 21: 247 (1800), nom. superfl.
    • Cranichis luteola Sw., Fl. Ind. Occid. 3: 1433 (1806), nom. superfl.
    • Dendrobium polystachyum Thouars, Hist. Orchid.: t. 85 (1822), nom. illeg.
    • Polystachya luteola Hook., Exot. Fl. 2: t. 103 (1824), nom. superfl.
    • Onychium flavescens Blume, Bijdr.: 325 (1825)
    • Polystachya mauritiana Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 742 (1826)
    • Dendrobium flavescens (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 85 (1830)
    • Polystachya zeylanica Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 24(Misc.): 78 (1838)
    • Polystachya purpurea Wight, Icon. Pl. Ind. Orient. 5: t. 1679 (1851)
    • Maxillaria luteola Beer, Prakt. Stud. Orchid.: 266 (1854), nom. superfl.
    • Maxillaria purpurea (Wight) Beer, Prakt. Stud. Orchid.: 226 (1854)
    • Polystachya zollingeri Rchb.f., Bonplandia (Hannover) 5: 39 (1857)
    • Polystachya tessellata Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 6: 130 (1862)
    • Polystachya extinctoria Rchb.f. in W.G.Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6: 638 (1863)
    • Polystachya jussieuana Rchb.f. in W.G.Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6: 641 (1863)
    • Polystachya tricruris Rchb.f., Flora 50: 118 (1867)
    • Polystachya luteola var. racemifera S.Moore in J.G.Baker, Fl. Mauritius: 362 (1877)
    • Polystachya rufinula Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., n.s., 11: 41 (1879)
    • Polystachya hypocrita Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. 1881(2): 685 (1881)
    • Callista flavescens (Blume) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 654 (1891)
    • Dendrorkis extinctoria (Rchb.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 658 (1891)
    • Dendrorkis jussieuana (Rchb.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 658 (1891)
    • Dendrorkis minuta (Aubl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 658 (1891)
    • Dendrorkis polystachyon (Sw.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 658 (1891)
    • Dendrorkis purpurea (Wight) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 658 (1891)
    • Dendrorkis rufinula (Rchb.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 658 (1891)
    • Dendrorkis tessellata (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 658 (1891)
    • Dendrorkis zollingeri (Rchb.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 658 (1891)
    • Polystachya buchananii Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1893: 335 (1893)
    • Polystachya luteola var. exsanguis Cordem., Fl. Réunion: 190 (1895)
    • Polystachya luteola var. paniculata Cordem., Fl. Réunion: 190 (1895)
    • Polystachya luteola var. tincta Cordem., Fl. Réunion: 190 (1895)
    • Polystachya minuta Frapp. ex Cordem., Fl. Réunion: 190 (1895), nom. inval.
    • Polystachya penangensis Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 344 (1896)
    • Polystachya siamensis Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 343 (1896)
    • Polystachya singapurensis Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 343 (1896)
    • Polystachya pleistantha Kraenzl., Gard. Chron. 1897(1): 118 (1897)
    • Polystachya zanguebarica Rolfe in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 115 (1897)
    • Polystachya lehmbachiana Kraenzl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28: 166 (1900)
    • Polystachya gracilis De Wild., Not. Pl. Util. Congo 1: 136 (1903)
    • Polystachya latifolia De Wild., Not. Pl. Util. Congo 1: 138 (1903)
    • Polystachya minuta (Aubl.) Britton in J.Small, Fl. S.E. U.S.: 328 (1903), nom. illeg.
    • Polystachya flavescens (Blume) J.J.Sm., Orch. Java: 284 (1905)
    • Polystachya praealta Kraenzl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36: 118 (1905)
    • Polystachya dagremondiana Kraenzl., Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 60: 428 (1915)
    • Polystachya colombiana Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 7: 156 (1920)
    • Polystachya cubensis Schltr. in I.Urban, Symb. Antill. 9: 59 (1923)
    • Polystachya caquetana Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 27: 79 (1924)
    • Polystachya lepidantha Kraenzl., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1926: 290 (1926)
    • Polystachya lettowiana Kraenzl., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 39: 54 (1926)
    • Polystachya reichenbachiana Kraenzl., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 39: 127 (1926)
    • Polystachya purpurea var. lutescens Gagnep. in H.Lecomte, Fl. Indo-Chine 6: 434 (1934)
    • Polystachya tricuspidata Hoehne, Arq. Bot. Estado São Paulo, n.s., f.m., 2: 109 (1950)
    • Polystachya kraenzliniana Pabst, Orquídea (Rio de Janeiro) 18: 190 (1957)
    • Polystachya tessellata var. tricruris (Rchb.f.) Schelpe, S. African J. Bot. 28: 280 (1963)
    • Dendrobium parvum Seidenf., Opera Bot. 124: 30 (1995)

References[edit]

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda.
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Ethiopia, Sudan.
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Northern Provinces, Swaziland.
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo,
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Islands, Rwanda, Zaire.
    • Regional: Western Indian Ocean
      • Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion, Seychelles.
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate 
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical 
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • India, Sri Lanka.
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Andaman Is., Laos, Nicobar Islands, Thailand, Vietnam.
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Borneo, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Maluku, Philippines, Sulawesi, Sumatera.
  • Continental: Northern America 
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Southeast.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Florida.
  • Continental: Southern America 
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central.
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Bahamas, Cayman Islands, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Islands.
    • Regional: Central America
      • Guatemala, Honduras, Panamá.
    • Regional: Northern South America
      • French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela.
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northwest.
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Greater yellowspike orchid
Tiếng Việt: Lan sáp
中文: 多穗兰

For more multimedia, look at Polystachya concreta on Wikimedia Commons.