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Taxonavigation: Asterales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids II
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Carduoideae
Tribus: Cardueae
Subtribus: Centaureinae
Genus: Plectocephalus
Species: P. americanus – P. cachinalensis – P. chilensis – P. dracaenoides – P. floccosus – P. rothrockii – P. tweediei – P. varians


Plectocephalus D.Don, Brit. Fl. Gard. [Sweet] 4: ad t. 51. (1830)

  • Type species: Plectocephalus americanus (Nutt.) D.Don,


  • Homotypic
    • Centaurea sect. Plectocephalus (D.Don) DC., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 6: 575. (1837)
  • Heterotypic
    • Centaurodendron Johow, Fl. Juan Fernandez 63 (1896)

Note: This is a view of Plectocephalus s.l. sensu Hellwig (2004) and Hassler (2018) including Centaurodendron, but which is sometimes segregated into its own genus Sussanna et al., 2011 & Tropicos, 2018.


  • Susanna, A., Galbany-Casals, M., Romaschenko, K., Barres, L., Martín, J. & Garcia-Jacas, N. 2011. Lessons from Plectocephalus (Compositae, Cardueae-Centaureinae): ITS disorientation in annuals and Beringian dispersal as revealed by molecular analyses. Annals of Botany 108(2): 263–277. doi: 10.1093/aob/mcr138 Reference page
  • 2018. Plectocephalus . Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2018 May 10.
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Plectocephalus on Wikimedia Commons.