Synodontis clarias

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Synodontis clarias

Taxonavigation

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Taxonavigation: Siluriformes 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Superclassis/Classis: Actinopterygii
Classis/Subclassis: Actinopteri
Subclassis/Infraclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Megacohors: Osteoglossocephalai
Supercohors: Clupeocephala
Cohors: Otomorpha
Subcohors: Ostariophysi
Sectio: Otophysa
Ordo: Siluriformes

Familia: Mochokidae
Subfamilia: Mochokinae
Genus: Synodontis
Species: Synodontis clarias

Name

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  • Synodontis clarias (Linnaeus, 1758): 306. Originally as Silurus clarias.
    • Lectotype: NRM 7044. Paralectotypes: NRM 73, (1); plus the two lost and in the NRM unregistratet syntypes ('It. scan. 82' and 'No. 83 in Gronovius (1754)'). Lectotype designation by Silfvergrip (1996). (Originally the species was based on four syntypes. The three paralectotypes are a mix of different species, none of them representing a Synodontis. This was also doubted by Fernholm & Wheeler for the remaining specimen NRM 7044 (which is also lost), but it can easily be proven from the description that it only fits a Synodontis and not a Bagrus as was hypothesized.
    • Type locality: Egypt, Nile River
    • Original combination: Silurus clarias
    • Unjustified emendation: Silurus callarias sensu Bloch & Schneider, 1801 (The species name clarias is an erroneous spelling of callarias, an ancient name for a fish species. Bloch & Schneider (1801) tried to emend this spelling, which is not allowed according to the rules of the ICZN.

Synonyms

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References

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  • Bloch, M. E. & Schneider, J. G. (1801): M. E. Blochii, Systema Ichthyologiae iconibus cx illustratum. Post obitum auctoris opus inchoatum absolvit, correxit, interpolavit Jo. Gottlob Schneider, Saxo. Berolini. Sumtibus Auctoris Impressum et Bibliopolio Sanderiano Commissum. i-lx + 1-584, Pls. 1-110.
  • Fernholm, B. & Wheeler, A. (1983): Linnaean fish specimens in the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm. Zoological Journal of the Linnaeus Society, 78 (3): 199–286.
  • Ferraris, Jr., C. J. (2007): Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types. Zootaxa, 1418: 1–628.
  • Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, E. (1809) : Poissons du Nil. In: Description de l'Egypte, ou Recueil des observations et des recherches qui ont été faites en Egypte pendant l'expédition de l'armée française. 1, Histoire naturelle. Paris, 1809-30. 1 (1): 1–52, Poissons Pls. 1-17; plates 1-17 in 1808 or 1809 und 18-27 in 1817.
  • Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, I. (1827): Suite de l'histoire des poissons du Nil. In: Savigny, Description de l'Egypte. 265-310.
  • Gronovius, L. T. (1754): Museum ichthyologicum, sistens piscium indigenorum & quorumdam exoticorum, qui in Museo Laurentii Theodori Gronovii, J. U. D. adservantur, descriptiones ordine systematico, accedunt nonnullorum exoticorum piscium icones æri incisae. [1]. - pp. [1-9], 1-70, Tab. I-IV [= 1-4]. Lugduni Batavorum. (Haak).
  • Gronovius, L. T. (1756): Musei ichthyologici tomus secundus sistens piscium indigenorum & nonnullorum exoticorum, quorum maxima pars in Museo Laurentii Theodori Gronovii, J. U. D. adservantur, nec non quorumdam in aliis museis observatorum descriptiones. Accedunt nonnulorum exoticorum Piscium icones aeri incifae, et Amphibiorum Animalum Histroia Zoologica. Lugduni Batavorum, Sumptibus Auctoris. Prostat apud Theodorum Haak, MDCCLVI.
  • Hasselqvist, F. (1757): Iter Palæstinum eller resa til heliga landet, förrättad ifrån år 1749 til 1752, med beskrifningar, rön, anmärkningar, öfver de märkvärdigaste naturalier, på hennes Kongl. Maj:ts befallning. Uitgifven af Carl Linnæus. - pp. [1-15], 1-619.
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema Naturae per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis, Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiæ: impensis direct. Laurentii Salvii. i–ii, 1–824 pp  DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.542: 306. Open access Reference page
  • Poll, M. (1971): Révision des Synodontis Africains (Famille Mochocidae). Annales du Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Serie 8 Zoologie, 191: 1–497.
  • Silfvergrip, A. M. C. (1996): A systematic revision of the neotropical catfish genus Rhamdia (Teleostei, Pimelodidae). Stockholm. 1-156, Pls. 1-8.
  • Synodontis clarias in Catalog of Fishes, Eschmeyer, W.N., Fricke, R. & van der Laan, R. (eds.) 2024. Catalog of Fishes electronic version.

Vernacular names

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English: Mandi