Phragmites karka

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Phragmites karka
Phragmites karka

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Arundinoideae
Tribus: Molinieae
Genus: Phragmites
Species: Phragmites karka

Name[edit]

Phragmites karka (Retz.) Trin. ex {{a|Steud.]], 1841

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Arundo karka Retz., Observ. Bot. 4: 21 (1786).
    • Calamagrostis karka (Retz.) J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis]: 172 (1791).
    • Trichoon karka (Retz.) Roth, Arch. Bot. (Leipzig) 1(3): 37 (1798).
    • Arundo roxburghii Kunth, Révis. Gramin. 1: 79 (1829), nom. superfl.
    • Phragmites roxburghii Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 324 (1841), nom. superfl.
    • Trichoon roxburghii W.Wight, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 9: 390 (1905), nom. superfl.
  • Heterotypic
    • Arundo vallatoria L., Herb. Amb.: 15 (1754), pro syn.
    • Arundo tibialis Roxb. ex Wall., Numer. List: n.° 5017B (1831), nom. nud.
    • Arundo tecta Blanco, Fl. Filip.: 48 (1837), sensu auct.
    • Phragmites communis var. zeylanicus Nees, Gramineae: 41 (1841), pro syn.
    • Sericura japonica Steud., Flora 29: 20 (1846).
    • Oxyanthe japonica (Steud.) Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 197 (1854).
    • Phragmites laxiflorus Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 196 (1854).
    • Phragmites nepalensis Nees ex Steud., Syn. Pl. Glumac. 1: 196 (1854).
    • Arundo corea Rottler ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 304 (1896), pro syn.
    • Phragmites bifarius Wight ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 304 (1896), pro syn.
    • Phragmites karka var. cinctus Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 305 (1896).
    • Phragmites vallatorius (L.) Veldkamp, Blumea 37: 233 (1992), basionym nom. inval.
    • Phragmites cinctus (Hook.f.) B.S.Sun, Fl. Yunnanica 9: 224 (2003).

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, India, Nepal, West Himalaya, Sri Lanka
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, Taiwan
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Korea, Nansei-shoto
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Oman, Yemen
    • Regional: Central Asia
      • Pakistan
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Western Africa
      • Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
    • Regional: Eastern Africa
      • Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., Cook Is., Maluku, Marianas, Marshall Is., Myanmar, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Solomon Is., Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vanuatu, Vietnam
  • Continental: Pacific
    • Regional: Northern Central Pacific
      • Hawaii
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Papuasia
      • New Caledonia, New Guinea
    • Regional: Australia
      • Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Western Australia
    • Introduced into:
      • Gulf of Guinea Is.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

مصرى: قيصوب طويل
English: tall reed
Bahasa Indonesia: Perumpung
Jawa: Prumpung
Sunda: Bayongbong
ไทย: แขม
中文: 卡开芦
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Phragmites karka on Wikimedia Commons.