Phaeophyscia orbicularis

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Caliciales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Caliciales

Familia: Physciaceae
Genus: Phaeophyscia
Species: Phaeophyscia orbicularis

Name[edit]

Phaeophyscia orbicularis (Neck.) Moberg, Symb. Bot. Upsal. 22(1): 44 (1977). [MycoBank #343218]

Basionym[edit]

  • Lichen orbicularis Neck., Method. Muscor.: 88 (1771). [MycoBank #394312]

Homotypic synonyms[edit]

  • Lichen orbicularis Hoffm., Enum. Lich. 1: 68 (1784). [MycoBank #533436] (isonym)
  • Psora orbicularis (Neck.) Baumg., Fl. Lipsiensis.: 589 (1790). [MycoBank #402659]
  • Lobaria orbicularis (Neck.) Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl. Bot. Taschenb. 2: 155 (1796). [MycoBank #394871]
  • Placodium orbiculare (Neck.) Hoffm., Descr. Adumbr. Pl. Cl. Crypt. 3(3): 16 (1801). [MycoBank #401230]
  • Parmelia obscura var. orbicularis (Neck.) Eschw. in Mart., Fl. Brasil. 1(1): 197 (1833). [Index Fungorum #620308]
  • Lobaria obscura γ.[=var.] orbicularis (Neck.) Müll.Arg., Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 16(2): 376 (1862). [MycoBank #620148]

Heterotypic synonyms[edit]

  • Lichen obscurus Ehrh., Pl. Cryptog. Exsicc.: no. 177 (1785). [MycoBank #232940]
  • Parmelia obscura (Ehrh.) Fr., Lichenogr. Europ. Reform.: 84 (1831). [MycoBank #397963]
  • Physcia obscura (Ehrh.) Hampe ex Fürnr., Naturhist. Topogr. Regensburg 2: 249 (1839). [MycoBank #400750]
  • Hagenia obscura (Ehrh.) De Not., Giorn. Bot. Ital. 2(1): 184 (1846). [MycoBank #386671]
  • Imbricaria obscura (Ehrh.) J.Kickx f., Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Lett. Beaux-Arts Belgique 23(2): 16 (1849). [MycoBank #387049]
  • Anaptychia obscura (Ehrh.) A.Massal., Mem. Lichenogr.: 38 (1853). [MycoBank #376113]
  • Dimelaena obscura (Ehrh.) Norman, Nyt Mag. Naturvidensk. 7: 231 (1853). [MycoBank #384373]
  • Squamaria obscura (Ehrh.) Beltr., Lich. Bassan.: 82 (1858). [MycoBank #405765]
  • Borrera obscura (Ehrh.) Mudd, Manual Brit. Lich.: 109 (1861). [MycoBank #380082]
  • Xanthoria obscura (Ehrh.) Horw., Hand-list Lich. Gr. Brit.: 14 (1912). [MycoBank #371937]
  • Lichen cycloselis Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 113 (1798). [MycoBank #393930]
  • Parmelia cycloselis (Ach.) Ach., Method. Lich. 2: 199 (1803). [MycoBank #397433]
  • Imbricaria cycloselis (Ach.) DC., Fl. Franç. (ed. 3) 2: 388 (1805). [MycoBank #387012]
  • Anaptychia obscura ε.[=var.] cycloselis (Ach.) A.Massal., Mem. Lichenogr.: 38 (1853). [MycoBank #543821]
  • Hagenia obscura var. cycloselis (Ach.) Anzi, Comm. Soc. Crittog. Ital. 1(4): 299 (1863). [Index Fungorum #619507]
  • Physcia obscura var. cycloselis (Ach.) J.Kickx f., Fl. Cryptog. Flandres 1: 226 (1867). [MycoBank #477964]
  • Dimelaena obscura var. cycloselis (Ach.) Trevis., Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. 11: 622 (1868). [Index Fungorum #619397]
  • Physcia cycloselis (Ach.) Vain. ex Räsänen, Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 34(4): 135 (1931). [MycoBank #400610]
  • Lichen virellus Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 108 (1798). [MycoBank #394614]
  • Parmelia virella (Ach.) Ach., Method. Lich. 2: 201 (1803). [MycoBank #398484]
  • Lecanora virella (Ach.) Ach., Lich. univ. (1810)
  • Phaeophyscia orbicularis f. virella (Ach.) J. Nowak, Flora Polska, Porosty (Lichenes) (Warszawa-Kraków) 6 (3): 61 (1993)
  • Phaeophyscia orbicularis var. hueana (Harm.) Clauzade & Cl. Roux [as hueiana], Bull. Soc. bot. Centre-Ouest, Nouv. sér., num. spec. 7: 600 (1985)
  • Phaeophyscia orbicularis var. virella (Ach.) Verseghy, Bot. Közl. 74-75(1-2): 33 (1988) [1987]
  • Physcia hueana (Harm.) Räsänen
  • Physcia obscura f. hueana Harm. [as hueiana]
  • Physcia orbicularis f. cycloselis (Ach.) Szatala, 1960
  • Physcia orbicularis f. virella (Ach.) Schade, 1938
  • Physcia orbicularis var. hueana (Harm.) Clauzade & Cl. Roux, Verh. bot. Ver. Prov. Brandenb. 72: 57 (1970)
  • Physcia orbicularis var. virella (Ach.) A.L. Sm., Monogr. Brit. Lich. 1: 247 (1918)
  • Physcia virella (Ach.) Flagey, Revue mycol., Toulouse 13: 110 (1891)
  • Physcia virella var. hueana (Harm.) Lindau [as hueiana]
  • Xanthoria ulothrix var. virella (Ach.) Horw., 1912

References[edit]

  • Martius, C.F.P. von 1833. Flora brasiliensis seu enumeratio plantarum in Brasilia tam sua sponte quam accedente cultura provenientium, quas in itinere auspiciis Maximiliani Josephi I. Bavariae regis annis 1817-1820 peracto collegit, partim descripsit; alias a Maximiliano seren. principe Widensi, Sellovio aliisque advectas addidit, communibus amicorurn propriisque studiis studii methodum naturalem dispositas et illustratas edidit C. F. Ph. de Martius.... Vol. 1(1) pp. [i]–iv, [1]–390. Stuttgartiae et Turbingae: sumptibus J.G. Cottae. BHL Reference page


  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Phaeophyscia (pp. 538-544) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (Description of P. orbicularis and distribution map for North America: p. 542; color photo: p. 543, plate 651)
  • Coppins, B.J. (1992) Phaeophyscia Moberg, 1977 (pp. 463-465) In: Purvis, O.W., Coppins, B.J., Hawksworth, D.L., James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp.   (RLL List # 151 / Rec. # 15105 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of Phaeophyscia orbicularis: p. 464)
  • Dobson, F.S. (2000) (Fourth edition) Phaeophyscia (pp. 298-299) In, Lichens: An illustrated guide to the British and Irish species. The Richmond Publishing Co., Ltd., Slough, England, 431 pp.   (RLL List # 184 / Rec. # 22402 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description, distribution map, color photo of Phaeophyscia orbicularis: p. 298)
  • Esslinger, T.L. (2004) Phaeophyscia (pp. 403-414) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Diederich, P.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 2. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 742 pages.   (RLL List # 196 / Rec. # 25940 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of Phaeophyscia orbicularis and distribution map for the Sonoran region: p. 412)
  • Hinds, J.W. and Hinds, P.L. (2007) Phaeophyscia Moberg, 1977 (pp. 375-387) In, The Macrolichens of New England. - Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden No. 96. New York Botanical Garden Press, Bronx, New York. 584 pp.   (RLL List # 210 / Rec. # 30032 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of Phaeophyscia orbicularis: pp. 382-383; color photo: p. 383, fig. 232)
  • McCune, B. and Geiser, L. (2009) Phaeophyscia (pp. 260-264) Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest. (Second Edition) Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, 464 pp.   (RLL List # 216 / Rec. # 31233 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of Phaeophyscia orbicularis and color photo: p. 263)
  • St. Clair, L.L. (1999) Phaeophyscia Moberg (pp. 139-141) In, A color guidebook to common Rocky Mountain lichens. M.L. Bean Life Science Museum of Brigham Young University Publisher, 242 pp.   (RLL List # 180 / Rec. # 21417 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of Phaeophyscia orbicularis and color photo: p. 141)
  • Thomson, J.W. (2003) Phaeophyscia Moberg (pp. 176-181) In, Lichens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 386 pages.   (RLL List # 190 / Rec. # 24161 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of Phaeophyscia orbicularis: p. 180)
  • van Herk, K. and Aptroot, A. (2004) Phaeophyscia Moberg (pp. 294-295) In, Veldgids Korstmossen. Koninkliijke Nederlandse Natuurhistorische Vereniging, 423 pages; in Dutch.   (RLL List # 196 / Rec. # 26085 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of Phaeophyscia orbicularis: p. 294; color photo: p. 295)
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Phaeophyscia Moberg (pp. 714-720) - Teil 2) In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German.   (RLL List # 159 / Rec. # 20405 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Description of P. orbicularis: p. 717; color photos: pp. 718 & 719)

Links to photos[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Mealy shadow lichen,   Wreath lichen
Nederlands: Rond schaduwmos