Pantherophis vulpinus

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Pantherophis vulpinus


Taxonavigation: Colubroidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Cladus: Unidentata, Episquamata
Cladus: Toxicofera
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Colubroidea

Familia: Colubridae
Subfamilia: Colubrinae
Genus: Pantherophis
Species: Pantherophis vulpinus


Pantherophis vulpinus (Baird & Girard, 1853)

  • Neotype: USNM 9969, ♂, collected by P.R. Hoy. [designated by Conant (1940: 10)]
  • Type locality: “Racine, Wisc. [=Wisconsin]”.


  • Scotophis vulpinus Baird & Girard, 1853: 75 [original combination]
  • Coluber vulpinusYarrow, 1883: 101 [subsequent combination]
  • Elaphe guttatus vulpinusGarman, 1892: 292 [subsequent combination]
  • Elaphe vulpinusRuthven, 1909: 110 [subsequent combination]
  • Elaphe vulpinaStejneger & Barbour, 1917: 84 [subsequent combination]
  • Pantherophis vulpinusUtiger et al., 2002 [subsequent combination]
  • Pituophis vulpinusBurbrink & Lawson, 2007 [subsequent combination]


  • Elaphis rubriceps Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854: 270
  • Elaphe vulpina gloydi Conant, 1940: 2 [synonymized by Crother et al. (2011: 10)]
    • Holotype: ANSP 21650 (original number 1086), adult ♀, collected by Robert H. Mattlin on 27 May 1939.
    • Type locality: “Little Cedar Point, Jerusalem Township, Lucas County, Ohio”.


Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

  • Utiger, Urs, Notker Helfenberger, Beat Schätti, Catherine Schmidt, Markus Ruf and Vincent Ziswiler 2002. Molecular systematics and phylogeny of Old World and New World ratsnakes, Elaphe Auct., and related genera (Reptilia, Squamata, Colubridae). Russ. J. Herpetol. 9(2): 105–124.
  • Burbrink, Frank T. and Robin Lawson 2007. How and when did Old World ratsnakes disperse into the New World? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43(1): 173–189.
  • Shew, J.J., B.D. Greene & F.E. Durbian, 2012. Spatial Ecology and Habitat Use of the Western Foxsnake (Pantherophis vulpinus) on Squaw Creek National Wildlife Refuge (Missouri). Journal of Herpetology 46(4): 539–548. DOI: 10.1670/10-111.


Vernacular names[edit]

Deutsch: Östliche Fuchsnatter
English: Eastern Fox Snake
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Pantherophis vulpinus on Wikimedia Commons.