Digitaria sanguinalis

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Digitaria sanguinalis
Digitaria sanguinalis

Taxonavigation

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Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Panicoideae
Tribus: Paniceae
Subtribus: Anthephorinae
Genus: Digitaria
Species: Digitaria sanguinalis

Name

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Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop., 1771

Synonyms

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  • Basionym
    • Panicum sanguinale L., Sp. Pl.: 57 (1753).
  • Homotypic
    • Dactilon sanguinale (L.) Vill., Hist. Pl. Dauphiné 2: 69 (1787).
    • Paspalum sanguinale (L.) Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 176 (1791).
    • Syntherisma sanguinalis (L.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 77 (1867).
    • Panicum sanguinale subvar. platystachyon Döll in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 2(2): 132 (1877), not validly publ.
    • Panicum ischaemum subsp. sanguinale (L.) E.G.Almq. in T.O.B.N.Krok & S.Almquist, Svensk Fl., ed. 20: 231 (1928).
  • Heterotypic
    • Digitaria sanguinea Weber in F.H.Wiggers, Prim. Fl. Holsat.: 6 (1780), orth. var.
    • Panicum aegyptiacum Retz., Observ. Bot. 3: 8 (1783), nom. illeg.
    • Syntherisma praecox Walter, Fl. Carol.: 76 (1788).
    • Asperella digitaria Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 167 (1791).
    • Panicum aegyptium J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. ed. 13[bis]: 159 (1791), orth. var.
    • Panicum sanguineum Gueldenst., Reis. Russland 2: 278 (1791).
    • Panicum ciliatum Maerkl., Gesch. Regensburg. Bot. Ges. 1: 332 (1792).
    • Milium membranaceum Moench, Methodus: 203 (1794).
    • Panicum fallax Spreng., Bot. Gart. Halle, Nachtr. 1: 29 (1801).
    • Panicum nervosum Rottler, Neue Schriften Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin 4: 194 (1803), nom. illeg.
    • Syntherisma vulgaris Schrad., Fl. Germ.: 161 (1806).
    • Digitaria aegyptiaca Willd., Enum. Pl.: 93 (1809).
    • Digitaria praecox (Walter) Willd., Enum. Pl.: 91 (1809).
    • Panicum ambiguum Lapeyr., Hist. Pl. Pyrénées: 31 (1813), pro syn.
    • Paspalum aegyptiacum (Willd.) Poir. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl., Suppl. 4: 314 (1816).
    • Cynodon praecox (Walter) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 2: 412 (1817).
    • Digitaria nervosa Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 2: 473 (1817).
    • Digitaria sanguinaria Steud., Nomencl. Bot. 1: 276 (1821), pro syn.
    • Digitaria vulgaris (Schrad.) Besser, Enum. Pl.: 5 (1821).
    • Panicum sanguinale var. brevifolium St.-Amans, Fl. Agen.: 25 (1821).
    • Paspalum filiforme Steud., Nomencl. Bot. 1: 592 (1821), nom. nud.
    • Panicum eriogonum Schrad. in J.A.Schultes, Mant. 2: 253 (1824).
    • Digitaria eriogona (Schrad.) Link, Hort. Berol. 1: 227 (1827).
    • Digitaria ischaemum var. esculenta Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 1: 154 (1828).
    • Panicum sanguinale var. esculentum Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 1: 154 (1828).
    • Panicum rottleri Kunth, Révis. Gramin. 1: 33 (1829).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis var. glabra Pauquy, Statist. Bot. Somme: 432 (1831).
    • Digitaria pilosa Pieri, Ionios Antologia 2: 464 (1834), nom. illeg.
    • Digitaria australis Willd. ex Trin., Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 3(2): 201 (1835), pro syn.
    • Digitaria sienitica Trin., Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 3(2): 201 (1835), pro syn.
    • Panicum sanguinale var. major Mutel, Fl. Franç. Herbor. 4: 21 (1837), nom. illeg.
    • Digitaria ischaemum var. praecox (Walter) Heynh., Nom. Bot. Hort.: 264 (1840).
    • Digitaria panicea Willd. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 508 (1840), pro syn.
    • Digitaria stricta Willd. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 508 (1840), pro syn.
    • Digitaria tristachya Willd. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 508 (1840), pro syn.
    • Panicum trichostachyum Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 264 (1841), pro syn.
    • Panicum sanguinale var. vulgare (Schrad.) Döll, Rhein. Fl.: 126 (1843).
    • Digitaria gracilis Guss., Enum. Pl. Inarim.: 375 (1855).
    • Paspalum sanguinale var. nanum Grognot in Carion, Cat. Rais. Pl. Vasc. Départ. Saône-et-Loire, Suppl.: 290 (1864).
    • Panicum gracile (Guss.) Nyman, Syll. Fl. Eur., Suppl.: 70 (1865), nom. illeg.
    • Digitaria intermedia Gennari in W.Barbey, Fl. Sard. Comp.: 24 (1866).
    • Panicum sanguinale chloranthum Kuntze, Taschen-Fl. Leipzig: 52 (1867).
    • Digitaria sanguinolenta Edgew. ex Aitch., Cat. Pl. Punjab Sindh: 161 (1869), pro syn.
    • Panicum sanguinolentum Edgew. ex Aitch., Cat. Pl. Punjab Sindh: 161 (1869), nom. nud.
    • Digitaria plebeia Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 43: 557 (1873).
    • Panicum sanguinale var. breviglume Döll in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 2(2): 132 (1877).
    • Panicum sanguinale subvar. leptostachyon Döll in C.F.P.von Martius & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Bras. 2(2): 133 (1877).
    • Digitaria ciliaris f. intercedens Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich 1: 43 (1880).
    • Leptochloa fascicularis Griseb. ex Benth., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 108 (1881), pro syn.
    • Panicum gussonei K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 26 (1890).
    • Panicum sanguinale f. compositum Waisb., Köszeg Vid. Növ., ed. 2: 10 (1891).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis var. biverticillata A.Reyn., Bull. Assoc. Pyrén. Échange Pl. 4: 16 (1894).
    • Panicum sanguinale var. aegyptiacum (Willd.) T.Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 761 (1894).
    • Paspalum sanguinale var. rottleri (Kunth) Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 7: 15 (1896).
    • Sanguinaria nevenarae Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 256 (1901).
    • Panicum sanguinale subvar. anisotrichum Hack., Ark. Bot. 8(8): 34 (1908).
    • Panicum sanguinale var. parvispicula A.Reyn., Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 19: IV (1909).
    • Digitaria nealleyi Henrard, Blumea 1: 94 (1934).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis proles ciliaris P.Fourn., Quatre Fl. France: 40 (1934).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis subsp. pectiniformis Henrard, Blumea 1: 93 (1934).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis subsp. vulgaris (Schrad.) Henrard, Blumea 1: 92 (1934).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis var. pectiniformis (Henrard) Tuyama, J. Jap. Bot. 18: 7 (1942).
    • Digitaria caucasica Henrard, Monogr. Digitaria: 115 (1950).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis subsp. aegyptiaca (Willd.) Henrard, Monogr. Digitaria: 17 (1950).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis var. frumentacea Henrard, Monogr. Digitaria: 985 (1950), no Latin descr.
    • Digitaria sanguinalis var. glabra (A.Reyn.) Henrard, Monogr. Digitaria: 657 (1950).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis var. parvispicula (A.Reyn.) Henrard, Monogr. Digitaria: 657 (1950).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis var. rottleriana Henrard, Monogr. Digitaria: 986 (1950).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis var. aegyptiaca (Willd.) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 1: 299 (1952).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis var. vulgaris (Schrad.) Maire & Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 1: 299 (1952).
    • Digitaria pectiniformis (Henrard) Tzvelev, Bot. Mater. Gerb. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 22: 60 (1963).
    • Digitaria sabulosa Tzvelev, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 3: 16 (1966).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis f. chlorantha (Kuntze) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 124 (1971 publ. 1972).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis f. composita (Waisb.) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 124 (1971 publ. 1972).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis f. intercedens (Beck) Soó, Acta Bot. Acad. Sci. Hung. 17: 124 (1971 publ. 1972).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis f. illinoensis Ebinger, Rhodora 76: 57 (1974).
    • Digitaria aegyptiaca subsp. caucasica (Henrard) Tzvelev, Zlaki SSSR: 673 (1976).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis subsp. sabulosa (Tzvelev) Tzvelev, Zlaki SSSR: 672 (1976).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis subsp. pakistanica Gilani, Mir A.Khan & Shinwari, Pakistan J. Bot. 35: 280 (2003).
    • Digitaria sanguinalis var. pakistanica Gilani, Mir A.Khan & Shinwari, Pakistan J. Bot. 35: 281 (2003), no type.
    • Digitaria sanguinalis var. stewartii Gilani, Mir A.Khan & Shinwari, Pakistan J. Bot. 35: 281 (2003).

Distribution

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Native distribution areas:
  • Continental:Africa & Eurasia
      • Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andaman Is., Azores, Baleares, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Bulgaria, Burundi, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Egypt, France, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, India, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Laccadive Is., Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Maldives, Manchuria, Morocco, Nicobar Is., North Caucasus, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, South China Sea, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Xinjiang, Yugoslavia
    • Introduced into:
      • Alabama, Alberta, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Bahamas, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bermuda, Botswana, Brazil South, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Central European Rus, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Comoros, Connecticut, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, Florida, Free State, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Haiti, Honduras, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Kermadec Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Louisiana, Maine, Malawi, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Mozambique, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nebraska, Netherlands, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northwest European R, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Poland, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, Southwest Caribbean, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uruguay, Utah, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Zambia, Zimbabwe

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

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Primary references

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Additional references

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  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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Vernacular names

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Deutsch: Blutrote Fingerhirse
suomi: Rikkaverihirssi
français: Digitaire sanguine
Nederlands: Harig Vingergras
Türkçe: Büyük yengeç otu
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Digitaria sanguinalis on Wikimedia Commons.