Palhinhaea cernua

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Lycopodiella cernua

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Lycopodiales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Tracheophyta
Divisio: Lycopodiophyta
Classis: Lycopodiopsida
Order: Lycopodiales

Familia: Lycopodiaceae
Subfamilia: Lycopodielloideae
Genus: Palhinhaea
Species: Palhinhaea cernua

Name[edit]

Palhinhaea cernua (L.) Vasc. & Franco, Bol. Soc. Brot. Ser. 2, 41: 25. 1967.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Lycopodium cernuum L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1100. 1753.
  • Homotypic
    • Lepidotis cernua (L.) P.Beauv., Prodr. Aethéogam. 108. 1805.
    • Lycopodiella cernua (L.) Pic.Serm., Webbia 23(1): 166. 1968.
  • Heterotypic
    • Lycopodium boryanum A.Rich., Sert. Astrol. 42. 1834.
      • Lycopodium cernuum var. boryanum A.Rich., Sert. Astrol. 52. 1834.
    • Lycopodium brevibracteatum Alderw., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. II, 24: 5. 1917.
      • Palhinhaea brevibracteata (Alderw.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 20: 78. 1985.
    • Lycopodium cernuum var. caboverdeanum Gilli, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 115: 39. 1976.
    • Lycopodium cernuum var. capillaceum Spring, Mém. Acad. Roy. Sci. Belg. 15 (Monogr. Lyc. 1): 80. 1842.
    • Lycopodium capillaceum (Spring) Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34: 573. 1905.
    • Palhinhaea capillacea (Spring) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 20: 78. 1985.
    • Palhinhaea cernua f. ciliatomarginata W.M.Chu, Fl. Yunnan. 20: 718 (30). 2006.
    • Lycopodium cymosum (Fée) L'Herm. ex Hieron., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 34: 574. 1905.
    • Lycopodium dichotomum Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2.: 570. 1845.ed. 3 (3): 240 (1879) (non Jacq. 1762)
    • Lycopodium ericinum Cesati, Rendic. Accad. Reale Sci. Fis. 16: 28, 31. 1877.
    • Lycopodium heeschii Müll.Hal., Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 19: 164. 1861.
    • Lycopodium hupeanum Müll.Hal., Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 19 (24): 165. 1861.
    • Lycopodium marianum Willd., Sp. Pl. 5: 31. 1810.
    • Lycopodium cernuum var. marianum (Willd.) Baker
    • Palhinhaea mariana (Willd.) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 20: 79. 1985.
    • Lycopodium moritzii Müll.Hal., Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 19 (24): 165. 1861.
    • Lycopodium cernuum var. panamense Wercklé ex Nessel, Bärlappgewächse 366. 1939.
    • Palhinhaea cernua var. pendula (Hook.) N.C.Nair & S.R.Ghosh, J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 12(1): 197. 1988.
    • Lycopodium polycephalum Colenso, Trans. New Zeal. Inst. 27: 401. 1895.
    • Palhinhaea polycephala (Colenso) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 20: 79. 1985.
    • Lycopodium salakense Treub, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. 7: 141. 1888.
    • Palhinhaea salakensis (Treub) Holub, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 20: 79. 1985.
    • Lycopodium secundum Müll.Hal., Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 19: 164. 1861.
    • Lycopodium cernuum var. seychellarum Nessel, Feddes Repert. 36(12/15): 193. 1934.
    • Lycopodium sikkimense Müll.Hal., Bot. Zeit. (Berlin) 19 (24): 164. 1861.(fide Fraser-Jenkins 1997
    • Lycopodium cernuum var. sikkimense (Müll.Hal.) C.B.Clarke, Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 2, Bot. 1: 592. 1880.
    • Lycopodium cernuum f. sikkimense (Müll.Hal.) H.S.Kung, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(2): 239. 1980.
    • Palhinhaea cernua var. sikkimensis (Müll.Hal.) Ching, Acta Bot. Yunnan. 3(1): 6. 1981.
    • Palhinhaea cernua f. sikkimensis (Müll.Hal.) H.S.Kung, Fl. Sichuan. 6: 50. 1988.
    • Lycopodiella cernua var. sikkimensis (Müll.Hal.) Panigrahi & Sarn.Singh, Ferns Fern-Allies Arunachal Pradesh 1: 54. 2005.
    • Lycopodium vulcanicum Bl., Enum. pl. Jav. 2: 266. 1828.
    • Lycopodium cernuum var. vulcanicum (Bl.) Herter, Phil. Journ. Sci. 22: 182. 1923.
    • Lycopodium veneris Herter, Index Lyc. 46. 1949.(nom. nov. superfl. for Lycopodium vulcanicum Bl.)]
    • Lycopodium cernuum var. watsonianum Herter ex Nessel, Bärlappgewächse 366. 1939.

Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Sicilia (Sicily) (introduced))
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores (Faial, Pico, Sao Miguel, Terceira), Cape Verde (Fogo), Madeira (Madeira).
    • Regional: West Tropical Africa
      • Benin, Gambia, The, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Niger, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo.
    • Regional: West-Central Tropical Africa
      • Burundi, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gulf of Guinea Islands (Annobón, Bioko, Príncipe, São Tomé), Rwanda, Zaïre.
    • Regional: Northeast Tropical Africa
      • Ethiopia, Sudan.
    • Regional: East Tropical Africa
      • Kenya, Tanzania (plus Pemba, Zanzibar), Uganda.
    • Regional: South Tropical Africa
      • Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Cape Provinces (Eastern Cape, Western Cape), Lesotho, KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland, Northern Provinces (Gauteng, Mpumalanga, Northern Province, North-West Province)
    • Regional: Middle Atlantic Ocean
      • Ascension, St. Helena
    • Regional: Western Indian Ocean
      • Comoros (Comoros, Mayotte), Mauritius, Madagascar, Réunion, Rodrigues, Seychelles
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central (Chongqing, Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan), Hainan, China Southeast (Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan, Jiangxi, Zhejiang), Tibet.
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Korea (South Korea), Kazan-retto (Kita-Iwojima), Nansei-shoto, Ogasawara-shoto (Chichijima, Hahajima), Taiwan
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Assam (Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaband, Tripura), Bangladesh, East Himalaya (Arunachal Pradesh, Bhutan, Sikkim), India (Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Goa, Jharkhand, Kerala, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal), Nepal, Sri Lanka, West Himalaya (Uttaranchal).
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Andaman Islands, Myanmar, Nicobar Islands, Thailand, Vietnam.
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Borneo (Kalimantan, Sabah, Sarawak), Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands (Lesser Sunda Islands: Lombok), Malaya (Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore), Maluku (Seram), Philippines (plus Palawan), Sulawesi, Sumatera.
    • Regional: Papuasia
      • Bismarck Archipelago, New Guinea, Solomon Islands (North Solomons: Bougainville, South Solomons: Choiseul, Gizo, Guadalcanal, Santa Ysabel, Kolombangara, Makira, Rendova, Vangunu, Malaita, New Georgia, Nggatokae).
  • Continental: Australasia
    • Regional: Australia
      • Norfolk Islands (Norfolk Islands), New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia.
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • Kermadec Islands, New Zealand North, New Zealand South.
  • Continental: Pacific
    • Regional: Southwestern Pacific
      • Fiji (Viti Levu, Ovalau, Rotuma), New Caledonia, Samoa (American Samoa: Tutuila, Ta'u; Samoa: Upolu), Tonga ('Eua, Tongatapu, Late Isl., Kao, Vava'u), Wallis-Futuna Islands (Futuna).
    • Regional: South-Central Pacific
      • Cook Islands (Rarotonga), Marquesas (Nuku Hiva, Ua Huka, Ua Pou, Hiva Oa, Tahuata, Fatu Hiva), Society Islands (Tahiti, Moorea), Tubuai Islands (Rapa Iti, Rurutu, Tubuai).
    • Regional: Northwestern Pacific
      • Caroline Islands (Micronesia Federated States: Yap, Truk, Moen, Dublon, Fefan, Pohnpei, Kosrae; Palau: Babeldoab, Koror, Nagarakabesang, Aulupse'el, Peliliu), Marianas (Guam: Saipan, Rota Isl., Guam; Northern Marianas: Pagan, Alamagan).
    • Regional: North-Central Pacific
      • Hawaii (Hawaiian Islands: Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Hawaii Isl.)
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • Texas.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina (doubtful).
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Central (México State, Puebla), Mexico Gulf (Veracruz), Mexico Northeast (Hidalgo), Mexico Southeast (Chiapas, Tabasco), Mexico Southwest (Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Michoacán, Nayarit, Oaxaca).
  • Continental: Southern America
    • Regional: Central America
      • Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Islands (Guadeloupe, Montserrat, St. Kitts-Nevis (St. Kitts, Nevis), Virgin Islands: St. John, St. Thomas, Tortola), Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago (Trinidad, Tobago), Windward Islands (Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Martinique, St. Lucia, St. Vincent).
    • Regional: Northern South America
      • French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela (Amazonas, Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolivar, Cojedes, Distrito Federal, Falcon, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo, Zulia).
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Bolivia (Beni, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La Paz, Pando, Santa Cruz), Colombia (Amazonas, Antioquia, Arauca, Boyacá, Caldas, Caquetá, Cauca, Cesar, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Guainía, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Norte de Santander, Quindío, Risaralda, San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Santander, Tolima, Valle, Vaupé), Ecuador, Galápagos, Peru.
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil North (Amazonas, Pará), Brazil Northeast (Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Pernambuco, Sergipe), Brazil South (Paraná), Brazil Southeast (Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo), Brazil West-Central (Brasília Distrito Federal, Goiás, Mato Grosso).
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast (Corrientes, Entre Ríos, Misiones), Paraguay (Caazapa, Canindeyu, Cordillera, Guaira), Uruguay (Rivera, Tacuarembo).

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Staghorn Clubmoss
For more multimedia, look at Lycopodiella cernua on Wikimedia Commons.