Paeonia officinalis

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Saxifragales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Saxifragales

Familia: Paeoniaceae
Genus: Paeonia
Sectio: P. sect. Paeonia
Subsectio: P. subsect. Paeonia
Species: Paeonia officinalis
Subspecies: P. o. subsp. banatica – P. o. subsp. huthii – P. o. subsp. italica – P. o. subsp. microcarpa – P. o. subsp. officinalis

Name[edit]

Paeonia officinalis L., Sp. Pl. 1: 530 (1753).

  • Typus: Herbarium Linnaeanum N° 692.1 (LINN) (Lectotype designated by Schmitt 2003)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Moutan officinalis (L.) Lindl. & Paxton, Paxton's Fl. Gard. 1: 162 (1850).
    • Paeonia nemoralis Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 375 (1796), nom. superfl.
    • Paeonia peregrina var. officinalis (L.) Huth, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 14: 270 (1891).
    • Paeonia peregrina proles officinalis (L.) Rouy & Foucaud, Fl. France 1: 146 (1893).

Notes[edit]

Hybrids[edit]

P. × festiva

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Czechoslovakia (introduced), Hungary, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • France, Portugal, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Italy, Romania, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Central European Russia (introduced).
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Vermont (introduced).

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

català: Peònia de muntanya
čeština: pivoňka lékařská
dansk: Bonderose
Deutsch: Gemeine Pfingstrose
English: common peony
suomi: Vuoripioni
italiano: Peonia selvatica
русский: Пион лекарственный
slovenčina: pivonka lekárska
svenska: Bergpion
Türkçe: Adi şakayık
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