Paeonia lactiflora

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Paeonia lactiflora

分类[编辑]

分类: Saxifragales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Saxifragales

Familia: Paeoniaceae
Genus: Paeonia
Sectio: P. sect. Paeonia
Subsectio: P. subsect. Albiflorae
Species: Paeonia lactiflora

[编辑]

Paeonia lactiflora Pall., Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 286 (1776).

  • Type: Russia. Siberia: Chitinsky Prov., Nerchinsk, Bergabhangen, 1889, F. Karo 170 (Neotype designated by Hong (2010: 110): WU; isoneotypes: E, K).

异名[编辑]

  • 异模
    • Paeonia albiflora Pall., Fl. Ross. 1(2): 92, t. 84 (1788).
      • Typus: tab. 84 in Pallas, 1788.
      • Paeonia albiflora var. typica Huth, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 14: 265 (1891), nom. inval.
    • Paeonia albiflora f. nuda Nakai, J. Jap. Bot. 13(6): 393 (1937).
      • Typus: Korea, Kanhoku, Mt Mozanrei, 9 June 1909, T. Nakai s.n. (Holotype TI).
      • Paeonia lactiflora f. nuda (Nakai) Kitag., Neolin. Fl. Manshur. 302 (1979).
    • Paeonia albiflora f. pilifera Schipcz., Bot. Mater. Gerb. Glavn. Bot. Sada R.S.F.S.R. 2(11–12): 44 (1921).
    • Paeonia albiflora f. pilosella Nakai, J. Jap. Bot. 13(6): 393 (1937).
      • Typus: non design.
      • Typus: Korea, Keiki, Koryo, 6 May 1935, Tei s.n. (Holotype: TI).
      • Paeonia lactiflora f. pilosella (Nakai) Kitag., Neolin. Fl. Manshur. 303 (1979).
    • Paeonia albiflora var. fragrans Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. 2: 278, t. 18 (1816).
      • Typus: tab. 18 in Sabine, 1817.
      • Paeonia fragrans (Sabine) Redouté, Choix Plus Belles Fleurs: t. 22 (1827).
    • Paeonia albiflora f. hirta Regel, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint Pétersbourg, Sér. 7, 4(4): 13 (1861).
      • Typus: Russia. Primorsky Prov.: Khaitzo, by Ussuri River, 1859, R.K. Maak s.n. (Neotype designated by Hong (2010: 110): LE).
      • Paeonia lactiflora var. hirta (Regel) Y.C.Chu, Fl. Pl. Herb. Chin. Bor.-Or. 2: 77 (1959).
    • Paeonia albiflora var. hortensis Makino, J. Jap. Bot. 5 (9): 34 (1928).
    • Paeonia albiflora var. humei Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 2: 279 (1817).
      • Typus: non design.
      • Paeonia humei (Sabine) Bailly, Fl. Pleine Terre, ed. 3: 892 (1870).
    • Paeonia albiflora var. pottsii D.Don in R.Sweet, Brit. Fl. Gard. 7: t. 351 (1836).
    • Paeonia albiflora var. pubescens Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 46: 605 (1932).
    • Paeonia albiflora var. purpurea Korsh., Trudy Glavn. Bot. Sada 12: 302 (1892).
      • Typus: non design.
    • Paeonia albiflora var. rosea Hook., Bot. Mag. 56: t. 2888 (1829).
    • Paeonia albiflora var. spontanea Makino, J. Jap. Bot. 5(9): 33 (1928).
      • Typus: non design.
    • Paeonia albiflora var. trichocarpa Bunge, Enum. Pl. China Bor.: 3 (1834).
      • Type: China, Inner Mongolia [Nei Mongol], Mt Huanggangliang, edges of forest, July 2004, D.Y. Hong, K.Y. Pan et al. H04040a (Neotype designated by Hong (2010:110): PE).
      • Paeonia lactiflora f. trichocarpa (Bunge) C.Y.Cheng, Acta Pharm. Sin. 3(1): 98 (1955).
      • Paeonia lactiflora var. trichocarpa (Bunge) Stern, J. Roy. Hort. Soc. 68: 129 (1943).
    • Paeonia albiflora var. whitleyi Sabine, Trans. Hort. Soc. London 2: 277 (1817).
      • Paeonia whitleyi (Sabine) Anon., Garden (London, 1871–1927) 36: 8 (1889).
    • Paeonia chinensis Vilm., Fl. Pl. Terre, ed. 3, 892 (1870), nom. illeg. non Oken (1841).
    • Paeonia edulis Salisb., Parad. Lond. 2: t. 78 (1805).
      • Typus: Salisbury’s tab. cited.
      • Paeonia albiflora var. edulis (Salisb.) Pursh in J. Donn, Hort. Cantabr., ed. 8: 177 (1815).
    • Paeonia edulis var. reevesiana Paxton, Paxton's Mag. Bot. 1: 197 (1834).
      • Typus: Paxton’s tab. cited.
      • Paeonia reevesiana (Paxton) Loudon, Suppl. Hort. Brit.: 601 (1850).
    • Paeonia edulis var. sinensis Sims, Bot. Mag. 42: t. 1768 (1815).
      • Typus: Sims' tab. cited.
    • Paeonia lactea Pall., Reise Russ. Reich. 3: 321 (1776), nom. nud..
    • Paeonia lactiflora var. villosa M.S.Yan & K.Sun, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 12(4): 325 (1992).
      • Typus: China, Gansu: Tianshui, Dongcha, 9 July 1983, Z. Ma 433 (Holotype: NWNU).
    • Paeonia lobata Pall., Reise Russ. Reich. 2: 553 (1773), nom. nud.
    • Paeonia makoya Marnock in J.C. Loudon, Suppl. Hort. Brit.: 601 (1850).
    • Paeonia officinalis Thunb., Fl. Jap.: 230. 1784, nom. illeg. non L. (1753).
    • Paeonia officinalis Lour., Fl. Cochin. 1: 343 (1790), nom. illeg. non L. (1753).
    • Paeonia sinensis Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 247 (1841), nom. inval., pro syn.
    • Paeonia yui W.P.Fang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 7: 321 (1958).
      • Typus: Yunnan, Weixi County, “Wei-hsi Hsien, Tao-jao, alt. 3,200 m, cultivated herb”, 1 May 1937, T.T. Yu 8223 (Holotype KUN; isotype PE).

杂交种[编辑]

注意[编辑]

分布[编辑]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Czechoslovakia (introduced).
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Siberia
      • Chita.
    • Regional: Russian Far East
      • Amur, Khabarovsk, Primorye.
    • Regional: China
      • Inner Mongolia (Nei Mongol, Ningxia), Manchuria (Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning), China North-Central (Gansu, Hebei, Shaanxi, Shanxi).
    • Regional: Mongolia
      • Mongolia
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Korea (introduced).
  • Continental: Northern America (introduced)
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • New York, Vermont.

参考文献: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

参考文献[编辑]

基本参考[编辑]

  • Pallas, P.S. 1776. Reise durch Verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs. St. Petersburg 3: 286.

扩展参考[编辑]

链接[编辑]

其他语言[编辑]

беларуская: Півоня малочнакветкавая
čeština: pivoňka čínská
English: Chinese Peony
suomi: Kiinanpioni
français: Pivoine de Chine
日本語: シャクヤク
slovenčina: pivonka čínska
svenska: Luktpion
Türkçe: Kokulu Çin şakayığı
中文: 芍药
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