Orchis mascula subsp. mascula

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Orchis mascula subsp. mascula

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Orchideae
Subtribus: Orchidinae
Genus: Orchis
Subgenus: Orchis subg. Masculae
Sectio: Orchis sect. Masculae
Species: Orchis mascula
Subspecies: Orchis mascula subsp. mascula

Name[edit]

Orchis mascula subsp. mascula autonym

Synonymy[edit]

  • Heterotypic
    • Orchis vernalis Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 6 (1796)
    • Orchis mascula var. tricornis Loisel., Fl. Gall. 2: 603 (1807)
    • Orchis compressiflora Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 4: 292 (1812)
    • Orchis verna Fleury, Orchid. Rennes: 15 (1819)
    • Orchis stabiana Ten., Syll. Pl. Fl. Neapol.: 453 (1831)
    • Orchis mascula var. albiflora Tinant, Fl. Luxemb.: 438 (1836)
    • Orchis mascula var. minima Tinant, Fl. Luxemb.: 438 (1836)
    • Orchis mascula var. acutiflora W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 686 (1837)
    • Orchis mascula var. obtusiflora W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv.: 686 (1837)
    • Orchis parreissii C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., V, 3: 542 (1845)
    • Orchis obtusiflora Schur, Verh. Mitth. Siebenbürg. Vereins Naturwiss. Hermannstadt 4: 71 (1853)
    • Orchis masculolatifolia Lange, Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn 1860: 78 (1860)
    • Orchis mascula var. obtusata Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 642 (1866)
    • Orchis obtusa Schur, Enum. Pl. Transsilv.: 942 (1866)
    • Orchis mascula f. brevibracteata Luerss., Abh. Naturwiss. Vereins Bremen 1868: 38 (1868)
    • Orchis pinetorum Boiss. & Kotschy in P.E.Boissier, Fl. Orient. 5: 68 (1882)
    • Orchis speciosa var. alba Goiran, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 15: 50 (1883)
    • Orchis speciosa var. rosea Goiran, Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 15: 50 (1883)
    • Orchis mascula var. maritzii J.A.Guim., Bol. Soc. Brot. 5: 72 (1887)
    • Orchis wilmsii K.Richt., Pl. Eur. 1: 273 (1890)
    • Orchis mascula f. comosa M.Schulze, Orch. Deutschl.: 8 (1894)
    • Orchis mascula var. albiflora Touss. & Hoschedé, Bull. Soc. Amis Sci. Nat. Rouen, IV, 33: 257 (1898), nom. illeg.
    • Orchis cochleata H.Fleischm. & M.Schulze, Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 17: 46 (1902)
    • Orchis kromayeri M.Schulze, Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 19: 112 (1904)
    • Orchis mascula f. kotuliana Zapał., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit.: 205 (1906)
    • Orchis mascula f. laxa Zapał., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit.: 205 (1906)
    • Orchis mascula f. minor Zapał., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit.: 205 (1906)
    • Orchis mascula f. podolica Zapał., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit.: 205 (1906)
    • Orchis mascula f. tatrensis Zapał., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit.: 205 (1906)
    • Orchis mascula f. cochleata (H.Fleischm. & M.Schulze) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 3: 701 (1907)
    • Orchis mascula f. brevicalcarata E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orchid.: 154 (1908)
    • Orchis mascula subsp. pinetorum (Boiss. & Kotschy) E.G.Camus, Monogr. Orchid.: 156 (1908)
    • Orchis mascula f. platyloba W.Zimm., Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 16: 8 (1910)
    • Orchis mascula f. acutiflora (W.D.J.Koch) A.Fuchs, Mitt. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 3: 242 (1915)
    • Orchis mascula f. borbasiana Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 29 (1927)
    • Orchis mascula var. pinetorum (Boiss. & Kotschy) Schltr., Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 1(4-5): 198 (1927)
    • Orchis mascula f. reichenbachiana Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 29 (1927)
    • Orchis mascula lusus alba (Goiran) Soó, Bot. Arch. 23: 53 (1928)
    • Orchis mascula var. monsignatica Font Quer, Cavanillesia 1: 19 (1928)
    • Orchis mascula lusus rosea (Goiran) Soó, Bot. Arch. 23: 54 (1928)
    • Orchis wanjkovii E.Wulff, Fl. Taurica 1(3): 97 (1930)
    • Orchis mascula subsp. wanjkovii (E.Wulff) Soó in G.Keller & al., Monogr. Iconogr. Orchid. Eur. 2: 170 (1932)
    • Orchis monsignatica (Font Quer) Rivas Goday, Revista Univ. Madrid (Farm.) 1(4): 253 (1941)
    • Orchis mascula subsp. occidentalis O.Schwarz, Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1: 94 (1949)
    • × Orchidactyla kromayeri (M.Schulze) Borsos & Soó, Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest. Rolando Eötvös, Sect. Biol. 8: 316 (1966)
    • Orchis mascula var. tenera Landwehr, Wilde Orchid. Eur. 2: 557 (1977)
    • Orchis mascula var. bicolor Balayer, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, Lett. Bot. 113: 281 (1986)
    • Orchis mascula subsp. longibracteatoides Balayer, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, Lett. Bot. 133: 281 (1986)
    • Orchis tenera (Landwehr) Kreutz, Eurorchis 3: 98 (1991)
    • Orchis mascula subsp. acutiflora (W.D.J.Koch) Quentin, Cah. Soc. Franç. Orchidophilie 1: 82 (1993)
    • Orchis mascula subsp. tenera (Landwehr) Del Prete, Caesiana 12: 37 (1999)
    • Orchis mascula subsp. longicalcarata Akhalk., H.Baumann, R.Lorenz, Mosul. & Ruedi Peter, J. Eur. Orch. 37: 897 (2005)
    • Orchis mascula subsp. maghrebiana B.Baumann & H.Baumann, J. Eur. Orch. 37: 921 (2005)
    • Orchis lapalmensis (Leibbach & Ruedi Peter) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88: 248 (2007)
    • Orchis mascula subsp. lapalmensis Leibbach & Ruedi Peter, J. Eur. Orch. 39: 59 (2007)
    • Orchis mascula f. longicalcarata (Akhalk., H.Baumann, R.Lorenz, Mosul. & Ruedi Peter) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88: 248 (2007)
    • Orchis mascula f. maghrebiana (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) P.Delforge, Naturalistes Belges 88: 248 (2007)
    • Androrchis pinetorum (Boiss. & Kotschy) D.Tyteca & E.Klein, J. Eur. Orch. 40: 543 (2008)
    • Androrchis tenera (Landwehr) D.Tyteca & E.Klein, J. Eur. Orch. 40: 544 (2008)
    • Androrchis mascula subsp. lapalmensis (Leibbach & Ruedi Peter) W.Foelsche & Jakely, J. Eur. Orch. 41: 350 (2009)
    • Androrchis mascula subsp. longicalcarata (Akhalk., H.Baumann, R.Lorenz, Mosul. & Ruedi Peter) W.Foelsche & Jakely, J. Eur. Orch. 41: 350 (2009)
    • Androrchis mascula subsp. maghrebiana (B.Baumann & H.Baumann) W.Foelsche & Jakely, J. Eur. Orch. 41: 351 (2009)
    • Orchis mascula f. albiflora (Touss. & Hoschedé) F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 109 (2009), nom. illeg.
    • Orchis mascula f. fimbriata F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 110 (2009)
    • Orchis tenera f. herculiana F.M.Vázquez, Folia Bot. Extremadur. 3: 121 (2009)
    • Orchis mascula var. wanjkovii (E.Wulff) Fateryga & Kreutz, J. Eur. Orch. 46: 415 (2014)

Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:
  • Europe
    • Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Føroyar, Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden.
    • Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Netherlands.
    • Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, France, Portugal, Spain.
    • Southeastern Europe
      • Greece, Italy, Sicilia, Yugoslavia.
    • Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, East European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Africa
    • Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Morocco.
    • Macaronesia
      • Canary Islands.
  • Asia-Temperate
    • Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Western Asia
      • East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Turkey.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]