Opuntia stricta

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Opuntia stricta
Opuntia stricta

Taxonavigation

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Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Cactaceae
Subfamilia: Opuntioideae
Tribus: Opuntieae
Genus: Opuntia
Series: O. ser. Tunae
Species: Opuntia stricta

Name

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  • Opuntia stricta (Haw.) Haw., 1812.
    • Type: Without data (lectotype: de Candolle, Pl. Hist. Succ. pl. 138. 1804). Lectotypified by L.D.Benson, Cacti U.S. Canada 931. 1982.

Synonyms

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Basionym
  • Cactus strictus Haw., Misc. Nat. 188. 1803.
Heterotypic
  • Cactus dillenii Ker Gawl., Bot. Reg. 3: pl. 255. 1818.
  • Cactus humilis Haw., Misc. Nat. 187. 1803.
  • Cactus opuntia var. inermis DC., Pl. Hist. Succ. pl. 138. 1804.
  • Opuntia airampo Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 85: 492. 1894.
  • Opuntia anahuacensis Griffiths, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 92. 1916.
  • Opuntia atrocapensis Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 905, 1506. 1933.
  • Opuntia bartramii Raf., Atl. J. 146. 1832.
  • Opuntia bentonii Griffiths, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 25, pl. 1- 2. 1912.
  • Opuntia cyanella Griffiths, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 30, pl. 9- 10. 1912.
  • Opuntia dillenii (Ker Gawl.) Haw., Suppl. Pl. Succ. 79. 1819.
  • Opuntia gilvoalba Griffiths, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 35, pl. 9, 16-17. 1912.
  • Opuntia gomei Griffiths, Rep. (Annual) Missouri Bot. Gard. 21: 167, pl. 21- 22. 1910.
  • Opuntia horrida Salm-Reifferscheid-Dyck ex de Candolle, Prodr. 3: 472. 1828, nom. illegit.
  • Opuntia humilis (Haw.) Haw., Syn. Pl. Succ. 189. 1812.
  • Opuntia inermis (DC.) DC., Prodr. (de Candolle) 3: 473. 1828.
  • Opuntia keyensis Britton ex Small, J. New York Bot. Gard. 20: 31, pl. 225. 1919.
  • Opuntia laxiflora Griffiths, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 85. 1916.
  • Opuntia longiclada Griffiths, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 43: 525, pl. 30. 1916.
  • Opuntia macrarthra Gibbes, Proc. Elliott Soc. Nat. Hist. Charleston 1: 273. 1859.
  • Opuntia magnifica Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 910, 1506. 1933.
  • Opuntia maritima Raf., Atl. J. 146. 1832.
  • Opuntia nitens Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 906, 1506. 1933.
  • Opuntia parva A.Berger, Hort. Mortol. 411. 1912.
  • Opuntia spinalba Raf., Atl. J. 147. 1832.
  • Opuntia stricta var. dillenii (Ker Gawl.) L.D.Benson, Cact. Succ. J. (Los Angeles) 41: 126. 1969.
  • Opuntia tenuiflora Small, Man. S.E. Fl. 908, 1506. 1933.
  • Opuntia tunoides Gibbes, Proc. Elliott Soc. Nat. Hist. Charleston 1: 272. 1859.
  • Opuntia zebrina Small, J. New York Bot. Gard. 20: 35, pl. 226. 1919.

Distribution

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Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional: Southeastern USA
      • Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest
    • Regional: Southern Central USA
      • Texas
    • Introduced into:
      • Albania, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Bahamas, Baleares, Benin, Bermuda, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cayman Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Greece, Hainan, Haiti, India, Italy, Jamaica, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Namibia, New Caledonia, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Senegal, Sicilia, South Australia, Spain, Swaziland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turks-Caicos Is., Venezuelan Antilles, Victoria, Western Australia, Windward Is.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

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Primary references

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Additional references

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Vernacular names

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English: erect pricklypear, pest pricklypear, shell-mound pricklypear
español: Nopal Estricto, yaaxpakan, nopal tunero costero
日本語: センニンサボテン
中文: 缩刺仙人掌
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Opuntia stricta on Wikimedia Commons.