Opegrapha varia

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Arthoniales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Arthoniomycetes
Ordo: Arthoniales

Familia: Opegraphaceae
Genus: Opegrapha
Species: Opegrapha varia
Varietates: O. v. var. glomerulans – O. v. var. heterocarpa – O. v. var. phaea – O. v. var. pulicaris
Formae: O. v. f. varia - O. v. f. xanthocarpa

Name[edit]

Opegrapha varia Pers., 1794

Life habit: lichenized.

Substrate and ecology: on neutral, basic, rough, shaded bark, especially of deciduous trees.

Homotypic synonyms[edit]

Graphis varia (Pers.) Branth & Rostr., 1869

Synonyms[edit]

Alyxoria diaphora (Ach.) Gray, 1821
Graphis varia (Pers.) Branth & Rostr., 1869
Lichen diaphorus Ach., 1798
Lichen signatus Ach., 1798
Opegrapha chlorina Pers., 1811
Opegrapha diaphora (Ach.) Ach., 1803
Opegrapha diaphora f. herbicola Nyl.
Opegrapha diaphora f. signata (Ach.) J. Nowak, 1983
Opegrapha diaphora f. tigrina (Ach.) J. Nowak, 1983
Opegrapha diaphora var. signata (Ach.) Ach., 1803
Opegrapha diaphora var. tigrina (Ach.) H. Olivier, 1902
Opegrapha diaphora var. tridens (Ach.) H. Olivier, 1902
Opegrapha pulicaris sensu auct., 2002
Opegrapha rimalis Ach., 1809
Opegrapha signata (Ach.) Ach., 1809
Opegrapha signata var. tigrina Ach., 1810
Opegrapha tridens Ach., 1810
Opegrapha varia f. diaphora (Ach.) anon.
Opegrapha varia f. pulicaris sensu auct., 2002
Opegrapha varia var. chlorina (Pers.) H. Olivier, 1914
Opegrapha varia var. pulicaris sensu auct., 2002
Opegrapha varia var. rimalis (Ach.) Fr.
Opegrapha varia Pers., 1794

References[edit]

  • Roemer & Usteri: Bot. Mag. 1: 30
  • Fungorum [1]
  • Zahlbruckner: Catalogus Lichenum Universalis 2: 253; 8: 196
  • Persoon, C.H. (1794) Nähere Bestimmung und Beschreibung einiger sich nahe verwandten Pflanzen. Usteri Neue Annal. der Bot. 1: 30.
  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Opegrapha (pp. 471-472) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (Description, color photo, and distribution map for N.A.: p. 472)
  • Dobson, F.S. (2000) (Fourth edition) Opegrapha (p. 246-251) In, Lichens: An illustrated guide to the British and Irish species. The Richmond Publishing Co., Ltd., Slough, England, 431 pp. (Description, distribution map, color photo, and diagram of spore of O. varia: p. 248)
  • Ertz, D. and Egea, J.M. (2007) Opegrapha (pp. 255-266) In: Nash III, T.H., Gries, C., and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 3. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 567 pages. (Description of O. varia: p. 265)
  • Pentecost, A. and James, P.W. (1992) Opegrapha (pp. 404-415) In: Purvis, O.W., Coppins, B.J., Hawksworth, D.L., James, P.W. and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp. (Description of O. varia: p. 414; diagram of ascospores: p. 409, fig. 18c)
  • Thomson, J.W. (2003) Opegrapha (pp. 155-156). In, Lichens of Wisconsin. Wisconsin State Herbarium, University of Wisconsin-Madison, 386 pages. (Description of O. varia: p. 156)
  • Torrente, P. and Egea, J.M. (1989) La Familia Opegraphaceae en al Area Mediterránea de la Península Ibérica y Norte de Africa. Bibl. Lichen. 32 1-282. (Illustration of O. varia: fig. 36)
  • van Herk, K. and Aptroot, A. (2004) Opegrapha (pp. 266-275) In, Veldgids Korstmossen. Koninkliijke Nederlandse Natuurhistorische Vereniging, 423 pages; in Dutch. (Description of O. varia: p. 272; color photo: p. 273)
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Opegrapha (pp. 620-629 - Teil 2) In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German. (O. varia: p. 627-628; color photo: p. 627)
  • LIAS
  • USDA Plants Database
  • North American Lichen Checklist (Aug 2008)

Links to photos[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Scribble lichen
Nederlands: Kort schriftmos