Opegrapha niveoatra

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Taxonavigation: Arthoniales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Arthoniomycetes
Ordo: Arthoniales

Familia: Opegraphaceae
Genus: Opegrapha
Species: Opegrapha niveoatra

Formae: O. n. f. intermedia   - O. n. f. niveoatra   - O. n. f. olivaceonigra


Opegrapha niveoatra (Borrer) J. R. Laundon, 1963

Life habit: lichenized.

Substrate and ecology: on neutral and basic deciduous bark.


  • Opegrapha amphotera Nyl., 1866
  • Opegrapha dubia Leight. ex Arnold, 1861
  • Opegrapha subsiderella (Nyl.) Arnold, 1884
  • Opegrapha vulgata var. siderella
  • Opegrapha vulgata var. subsiderella Nyl.
  • Pyrenotea hippocastani Lightf.
  • Pyrenotea niveoatra Leight., 1851
  • Thrombium niveoatrum (Borrer) Schaer., 1850
  • Verrucaria niveoatra Borrer, 1831

Primary references[edit]


  • Ertz, D. and Egea, J.M. (2007) Opegrapha (pp. 255-266) In: Nash III, T.H.; Gries, C.; and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 3. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 567 pages.   **[RLL List # 210 / Rec.# 29968] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)**   (Description of Opegrapha niveoatra: pp. 262-263; distribution map for the Sonoran Desert Region: p. 263)
  • Pentecost, A. and James, P.W. (1992) Opegrapha (pp. 404-415) In: Purvis, O.W.; Coppins, B.J.; Hawksworth, D.L.; James, P.W.; and Moore, D.M. (eds.) The Lichen Flora of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Natural History Museum Publication, 710 pp.   **[RLL List # 151 / Rec.# 15105] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)**   (Description of Opegrapha niveoatra: p. 410)
  • Torrente, P. and Egea, J.M. (1989) La Familia Opegraphaceae en el Area Mediterránea de la Península Ibérica y Norte de Africa. Bibl. Lichen. 32 1-282. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 32: 1–282.   **[RLL List # 138 / Rec.# 18862] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)**   (Illustration of Opegrapha niveoatra: fig. 27)
  • van Herk, K. and Aptroot, A. (2004) Opegrapha (pp. 266-275) In, Veldgids Korstmossen. Koninkliijke Nederlandse Natuurhistorische Vereniging, 423 pages; in Dutch.   **[RLL List # 196 / Rec.# 26085] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)**   (Description of Opegrapha niveoatra: p. 270; color photo: p. 271)


  • Index of Fungi Supplement (Lichens): 45

Links to photos[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Scribble lichen
Nederlands: Klein schriftmos