Nephroma bellum

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Taxonavigation: Peltigerineae 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Peltigerales
Subordo: Peltigerineae

Familia: Peltigeraceae
Subfamilia: Nephromatoideae
Genus: Nephroma
Species: Nephroma bellum


Nephroma bellum (Sprengel) Tuck., 1841

Habitat and ecology (for Sonoran region): On rocks and tree trunks in moist canyons at mid- to high elevations, most common in spruce-fir regions

World distribution: Africa and Northern Hemisphere, where it occurs in subarctic, boreal and north temperate regions and extends south along the mountain chains



Primary references[edit]

  • Tuck., Boston J. Nat. Hist. 3: 293 (1841)


  • Brodo, I.M.; Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Nephroma (pp. 451-457) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages.   **[RLL List # 184 / Rec.# 22465] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (The Book) (Discussion of Nephroma bellum and distribution map for North America: p. 452; color photo: p. 453, plate 524)
  • Hinds, J.W. and Hinds, P.L. (2007) Nephroma Ach, 1810 (pp. 325-330) In, The Macrolichens of New England. - Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden No. 96. New York Botanical Garden Press, Bronx, New York. 584 pp.   **[RLL List # 210 / Rec.# 30032] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Nephroma bellum: p. 327; color photo: p. 327, fig. 189)
  • McCune, B. and Geiser, L. (2009) Nephroma (pp. 207-213) Macrolichens of the Pacific Northwest. (Second Edition) Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, 464 pp.   **[RLL List # 216 / Rec.# 31233] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Nephroma bellum and color photo: p. 208)
  • Thomson, J.W. (1984) Nephroma Ach., (pp. 275-284). In, American Arctic Lichens: 1. The Macrolichens. Columbia University Press, New York, 504 pages.   **[RLL List # 124-96 / Rec.# 18494] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Nephroma bellum: p. 276; drawing and distribution map for the American arctic: p. 278)
  • Wetmore, C.M. and Nash III, T.H. (2002) Nephroma (pp. 296-298) In: Nash III, T.H.; Ryan, B.D.; Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 1. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 532 pages.   **[RLL List # 187 / Rec.# 23085] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)** (Discussion of Nephroma bellum: pp. 296-297; distribution map for the Sonoran region: p. 297)
  • Wirth, V. (1995) Nephroma Ach. (pp. 605-609) - Teil 2 - In, Die Flechten Baden-Württembergs, Teil 1 & 2. Eugen Ulmer GmbH & Co., Stuttgart. 1006 pp.; in German.   **[RLL List # 159 / Rec.# 20405] - (Recent Literature on Lichens)**(Discussion of Nephroma bellum: p. 606)


Links to photos[edit]

  • The Lichen Herbarium, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Norway (Photo Gallery) - Nephroma bellum

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Naked kidney lichen,   Kidney lichen