Pimenta dioica

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Pimenta dioica
Pimenta dioica

Taxonavigation

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Taxonavigation: Myrtales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Myrtales

Familia: Myrtaceae
Subfamilia: Myrtoideae
Tribus: Myrteae
Subtribus: Pimentinae
Genus: Pimenta
Species: Pimenta dioica

Name

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Pimenta dioica (L.) Merr., Contr. Gray Herb. 165:37. 1947.

Synonyms

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  • Homotypic
    • Evanesca crassifolia Raf. in Sylva Tellur.: 105 (1838), nom. illeg.
    • Myrtus dioica L. in Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 2: 1056 (1759)
  • Heterotypic
    • Caryophyllus pimenta (L.) Mill. in Gard. Dict., ed. 8.: n.° 2 (1768)
    • Eugenia micrantha Bertol. in Nuovi Ann. Sci. Nat. 3: 136 (1840), nom. illeg.
    • Eugenia pimenta (L.) DC. in Prodr. 3: 285 (1828)
    • Eugenia pimenta var. longifolia DC. in Prodr. 3: 285 (1828)
    • Eugenia pimenta var. ovalifolia DC. in Prodr. 3: 285 (1828)
    • Myrtus aromatica Salisb. in Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 354 (1796), nom. superfl.
    • Myrtus aromatica Poir. in J.B.A.M.de Lamarck, Encycl. 4: 410 (1798), nom. illeg.
    • Myrtus pimenta L. in Sp. Pl.: 472 (1753)
    • Myrtus pimenta var. brevifolia Hayne in Getreue Darstell. Gew. 9: t. 37 (1825)
    • Myrtus pimenta var. longifolia Sims in Bot. Mag. 30: t. 1236 (1809)
    • Myrtus piperita Sessé & Moc. in Fl. Mexic., ed. 2: 124 (1894)
    • Pimenta aromatica Kostel. in Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 4: 1525 (1835), nom. superfl.
    • Pimenta communis Benth. & Hook.f. in Gen. Pl. 1: 717 (1865)
    • Pimenta officinalis Lindl. in Coll. Bot.: t. 19 (1821)
    • Pimenta officinalis var. cumanensis Schiede & Deppe in Linnaea 27: 424 (1856)
    • Pimenta officinalis var. longifolia (Sims) O.Berg in Linnaea 27: 423 (1856)
    • Pimenta officinalis var. ovalifolia (DC.) O.Berg in Linnaea 27: 424 (1856)
    • Pimenta pimenta (L.) H.Karst. in Deut. Fl.: 790 (1882), not validly publ.
    • Pimenta vulgaris Bello in Anales Soc. Esp. Hist. Nat. 10: 270 (1881)
    • Pimenta vulgaris Lindl. in J.C. Loudon, Encycl. Pl.: 418 (1829)
    • Pimentus aromatica Raf. in Sylva Tellur.: 158 (1838), nom. superfl.
    • Pimentus geminata Raf. in Sylva Tellur.: 105 (1838)
    • Pimentus vera Raf. in Sylva Tellur.: 105 (1838), nom. superfl.

Distribution

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Native distribution areas:
  • Continental:Southern America
    • Regional: Caribbean
      • Bahamas, Cayman Is., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Jamaica
    • Regional: Central America
      • Belize, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua
  • Continental:Northern America
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest
    • Introduced into:
      • Bermuda, Caroline Is., Colombia, El Salvador, Florida, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, Society Is., Southwest Caribbean, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

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Primary references

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Additional references

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  • Govaerts, R., Sobral, N., Ashton, P., Barrie, F., Holst, B.K., Landrum, L.L., Matsumoto, K., Fernanda Mazine, F., Nic Lughadha, E., Proença, C. & al. (2008). World Checklist of Myrtaceae: 1-455. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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Vernacular names

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беларуская: Ангельскае зелле
български: Бахар
Deutsch: Allgewürz, Nelkenpfeffer, Piment
English: Allspice, Jamaican pepper
español: Malagueta, pimienta de Jamaica
suomi: Maustepippuri
français: Grand piment, malaguette, myrte-piment, tout-épice
italiano: Pepe della Giamaica
polski: Korzennik lekarski
svenska: Kryddpeppar
lea faka-Tonga: Sipaisi
Türkçe: Yenibahar
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Pimenta dioica on Wikimedia Commons.