Montivipera xanthina

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Montivipera xanthina


Taxonavigation: Viperoidea 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Cladus: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Cladus: Holozoa
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Megaclassis: Osteichthyes
Cladus: Sarcopterygii
Cladus: Rhipidistia
Cladus: Tetrapodomorpha
Cladus: Eotetrapodiformes
Cladus: Elpistostegalia
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Cladus: Unidentata, Episquamata
Cladus: Toxicofera
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Viperoidea

Familia: Viperidae
Subfamilia: Viperinae
Genus: Montivipera
Species: Montivipera xanthina



Montivipera xanthina (Gray, 1849)

  • Lectotype: BMNH 1946.1.18.11, adult ♀, presented by C. Fellows in April 1838. [designated by Nilson & Andrén (1986: 63)]
  • Type locality: “Xanthus” and “Asia Minor”, restricted by lectotype designation to “Xanthus” (Kinik), province Mugla, S.W. Turkish Anatolia, by Nilson & Andrén (1986: 63).
  • Paralectotype: BMNH 1946.1.20.93, juvenile ♀, “Asia Minor”, presented by A.C. Christy, date unknown.


  • Daboia xanthina Gray, 1849: 24 [original combination]
  • Vipera xanthinaStrauch, 1869: 291 [subsequent combination]
  • Vipera lebetina xanthinaWerner, 1902 [subsequent combination]
  • Mesocoronis xanthinaReuss, 1930 [subsequent combination]
  • Montivipera xanthinaNilson et al., 1999 [subsequent combination]



Primary references

  • Gray, J.E. 1849. Catalogue of the specimens of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Edward Newman: London. i–xv + 1–125. BHL Reference page

Template:Nilson & Andrén, 1986


Vernacular names

Deutsch: Kleinasiatische Bergotter
English: Ottoman Viper
Türkçe: Şeritli engerek
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Montivipera xanthina on Wikimedia Commons.