Miscanthus sinensis

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Miscanthus sinensis
Miscanthus sinensis

Taxonavigation

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Taxonavigation: Poales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Panicoideae
Tribus: Andropogoneae
Subtribus: Saccharinae
Genus: Miscanthus
Species: Miscanthus sinensis

Name

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Miscanthus sinensis Andersson, Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 12: 166 (1855)

Synonyms

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  • Heterotypic
    • Saccharum japonicum Thunb., Trans. Linn. Soc. 2: 328 (1794).
    • Erianthus japonicus (Thunb.) P.Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr.: 14 (1812).
    • Ripidium japonicum (Thunb.) Trin., Fund. Agrost.: 169 (1820).
    • Eulalia japonica (Thunb.) Trin., Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg, Sér. 6, Sci. Math. 2: 333 (1832).
    • Miscanthus purpurascens Andersson, Öfvers. Kongl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh. 12: 167 (1855).
    • Saccharum roseum Reinw. ex Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 3: 518 (1857), nom. nud.
    • Eulalia zebrina Van Geert, Nursery Cat. (Auguste Van Geert) 76: 25 (1878).
    • Eulalia japonica zebrina (Van Geert) Van Houtte, Nursery Cat. (Louis van Houtte) 177: 125 (1878-1879 publ. 1878).
    • Eulalia japonica var. zebrina (Van Geert) G.Nicholson, Ill. Dict. Gard.: 538 (1888).
    • Miscanthus chrysander Ôkubo, Cat. Pl. Bot. Gard. Univ. Tokyo: 3 (1895), nom. nud.
    • Miscanthus sinensis var. purpurascens (Andersson) Matsum., Shokubutsu Mai-i, ed. 2: 189 (1895).
    • Miscanthus sinensis var. zebrinus (Van Geert) Matsum., Index Seminum (TI, Tokyo) 1895: 3 (1895).
    • Miscanthus sinensis var. variegatus Beal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 25 (1896).
    • Miscanthus condensatus Hack., Bull. Herb. Boissier 7: 639 (1899).
    • Miscanthus sinensis var. gracillimus Hitchc. in L.H.Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort. 3: 1021 (1901).
    • Miscanthus coreensis Hack., Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 4: 531 (1904).
    • Miscanthus sinensis var. formosanus Hack., Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2, 4: 526 (1904).
    • Miscanthus sinensis var. intermedius Matsum., Index Pl. Jap. 2(1): 66 (1905), nom. nud.
    • Xiphagrostis japonica (Thunb.) Coville, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 9: 400 (1905).
    • Xiphagrostis japonicus (Trin.) Coville, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 9: 400 (1905).
    • Xiphagrostis condensatus (Hack.) W.Wight, Bull. Bur. Pl. Industr. U.S.D.A. 137: 17 (1909).
    • Miscanthus transmorrisonensis Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30(1): 404 (1911).
    • Miscanthus zebrinus (Van Geert) Nakai ex Matsum., Shokubutsu Mai-i 2: 254 (1916).
    • Miscanthus ionandros Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 31: 13 (1917).
    • Miscanthus sinensis var. condensatus (Hack.) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 31: 14 (1917).
    • Miscanthus sinensis f. decompositus Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 31: 16 (1917).
    • Miscanthus sinensis f. glaber Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 31: 17 (1917), nom. nud.
    • Miscanthus sinensis f. purpurascens (Andersson) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 31: 16 (1917).
    • Miscanthus sinensis f. transiticus Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 31: 16 (1917).
    • Miscanthus sinensis f. variegatus (Beal) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 31: 15 (1917).
    • Miscanthus sinensis f. zebrinus (Van Geert) Nakai, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 31: 15 (1917).
    • Miscanthus sinensis var. coriaceus T.Mori, Enum. Pl. Corea: 46 (1922), nom. nud.
    • Miscanthus sinensis var. transiticus (Nakai) T.Mori, Enum. Pl. Corea: 46 (1922).
    • Miscanthus flavidus Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 37: 113 (1923).
    • Miscanthus matsudae Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 37: 114 (1923).
    • Miscanthus matsudae var. glabrescens Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 42: 131 (1925).
    • Miscanthus boninensis Nakai ex Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 42: 130 (1928).
    • Miscanthus kanehirae Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 42: 132 (1928).
    • Miscanthus nakaianus Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 42: 130 (1928).
    • Miscanthus pycnocephalus Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 42: 131 (1928).
    • Miscanthus pycnocephalus var. purpurascens Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 42: 132 (1928).
    • Eulalia japonica var. gracillima (Hitchc.) Grier, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 11: 331 (1929).
    • Miscanthus sinensis var. yogoi Honda ex Yogo, Shuso-gun Hakubutsu Shi 1: t. 3 (1929).
    • Miscanthus hidakanus Honda, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 3: 379 (1930).
    • Miscanthus kokusanensis Nakai & Honda, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 3: 388 (1930).
    • Miscanthus kokusanensis f. variegatus Honda, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 3: 388 (1930).
    • Miscanthus littoralis Honda, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 3: 388 (1930).
    • Miscanthus sinensis var. decompositus (Nakai) Honda, J. Fac. Sci. Univ. Tokyo, Sect. 3, Bot. 3: 384 (1930).
    • Miscanthus neocoreanus Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 49: 694 (1935).
    • Miscanthus miser Nakai ex Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 52: 517 (1938).
    • Miscanthus sinensis f. crassiracemus Ohwi, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 11: 150 (1942).
    • Miscanthus sinensis f. gracillimus (Hitchc.) Ohwi, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 11: 149 (1942).
    • Miscanthus sinensis f. hashimotoi Ohwi, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 11: 150 (1942).
    • Miscanthus sinensis f. porphyrocomus Ohwi, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 11: 149 (1942).
    • Miscanthus sinensis f. pycnocephalus (Honda) Ohwi, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 11: 149 (1942).
    • Miscanthus kokusanensis var. variegatus (Honda) Nakai & Honda, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo 31: 140 (1952).
    • Miscanthus sinensis var. nakaianus (Honda) I.C.Chung, J. Washington Acad. Sci. 45: 215 (1955).
    • Miscanthus sinensis var. ionandros (Nakai) Y.N.Lee, J. Jap. Bot. 39: 293 (1964).
    • Miscanthus sinensis var. keumunensis Y.N.Lee, J. Jap. Bot. 39: 119 (1964).
    • Miscanthus chejuensis Y.N.Lee, Korean J. Bot. 17: 85 (1974).
    • Miscanthus sinensis subsp. purpurascens (Andersson) Tzvelev, Zlaki SSSR: 693 (1976).
    • Miscanthus sinensis subsp. condensatus (Hack.) T.Koyama, Grass. Japan: 518 (1987).
    • Miscanthus sinensis var. chejuensis (Y.N.Lee) Y.N.Lee, Fl. Korea: 1164 (1996).
    • Miscanthus sinensis var. albiflorus Y.N.Lee, Bull. Korea Pl. Res. 2: 23 (2002).
    • Miscanthus condensatus var. purpurascens Y.N.Lee, Bull. Korea Pl. Res. 6: 19 (2006).
    • Miscanthus sinensis var. viridis Y.N.Lee, Bull. Korea Pl. Res. 6: 16 (2006).
    • Miscanthus condensatus f. purpurascens (Y.N.Lee) M.Kim, Korean Endemic Pl.: 565 (2017).
    • Miscanthus sinensis f. albiflorus (Y.N.Lee) M.Kim, Korean Endemic Pl.: 566 (2017).
    • Miscanthus sinensis f. chejuensis (Y.N.Lee) M.Kim, Korean Endemic Pl.: 566 (2017).
    • Miscanthus sinensis f. viridis (Y.N.Lee) M.Kim, Korean Endemic Pl.: 566 (2017).

Distribution

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Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: China
      • China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, Manchuria, South China Sea, Taiwan
    • Regional: Eastern Asia
      • Japan, Kazan-retto, Khabarovsk, Korea, Nansei-shoto, Ogasawara-shoto
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Southeastern Asia
      • Borneo, Jawa, Kuril Is., Laos, Maluku, Philippines, Primorye, Sakhalin, Thailand, Vietnam
    • Introduced into:
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Austria, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Chile Central, Colorado, Connecticut, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, District of Columbia, Egypt, Florida, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Illinois, Italy, Kentucky, Louisiana, Marshall Is., Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Southeast, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North Carolina, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Puerto Rico, Rhode I., South Carolina, Tennessee, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Uruguay, Virginia, West Virginia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

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Primary references

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Additional references

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  • Ohwi, J. 1965. Flora of Japan (translated by F.G. Meyer & E.M. Walker). 1067 pp. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. BHL Reference page.  [p. 188]
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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Vernacular names

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English: Maiden Silvergrass
suomi: Elefanttiheinä
日本語: ススキ
한국어: 참억새
中文: 芒
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