Melilotus officinalis

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Melilotus officinalis, Portugal
Melilotus officinalis

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Fabales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Faboideae
Tribus: Trifolieae
Genus: Melilotus
Species: Melilotus officinalis

Name[edit]

Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam., 1779

Synonyms[edit]

  • Brachylobus officinalis (L.) Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyr. 279 (1867)
  • Medicago officinalis (L.) E.H.L.Krause, Sturm, Fl. Deutschland, ed. 2, 9: 127 (1901)
  • Melilotus armenus Boiss., Diagn. Ser. I. 9: 11 (1849)
  • Melilotus arvensis var. grandiflorus Lamotte, Prodr. Fl. Plateau Central Fr.,1: 194 (1877)
  • Melilotus arvensis var. maximus (O.Le Grand) Cariot & St.-Lag., Etude Fl., ed. 8, 2: 173 (1889)
  • Melilotus arvensis Wallr., Sched. Crit.: 391 (1822)
  • Melilotus bungeanus Boiss., Fl. Or., 2: 108 (1872)
  • Melilotus citrinus Duval ex Steud.
  • Melilotus diffusus W.D.J.Koch ex DC.
  • Melilotus expansus Rchb.
  • Melilotus flavus Pall.
  • Melilotus kochianus DC.
  • Melilotus longipedicellatus Rosbach
  • Melilotus lutescens Gilib.
  • Melilotus luteus Gueldenst., Reis. Russland (Gueldenst.) 2: 255 (1791)
  • Melilotus luxurians Shuttlew. ex Rouy & Foucaud
  • Melilotus macrorhizus Besser
  • Melilotus macrospermus K.Koch ex Boiss.
  • Melilotus mauritanicus Willd.
  • Melilotus maxima O.Le Grand, Stat. Bot. du Forez, 101 (1873)
  • Melilotus maximus Legrand
  • Melilotus melilotus-officinalis (L.) Asch. & Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl., 6(2): 452 (1907)
  • Melilotus montanus Gaudin
  • Melilotus nebrodensis Jord. ex Nyman
  • Melilotus neglectus Ten., Fl. Napol. 5: 135 (1836)
  • Melilotus officinalis var. maximus (Legrand) Kojic
  • Melilotus pallida Besser, Ind. Sem. Hort. Cremen. (1823)
  • Melilotus pallidus Besser
  • Melilotus paluster Menyh.
  • Melilotus palustris (Waldst. & Kit.) Schult.
  • Melilotus petitpierreanus Willd., Enum. Pl. Hort. Berol.: 790 (1809)
  • Sertula arvensis (Wallr.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 205 (1891)
  • Sertula macrorhiza (Waldst. & Kit.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 205 (1891)
  • Sertula officinalis (L.) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 205 (1891)
  • Sertula pallida (Besser) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 205 (1891)
  • Trifolium macrorrhizum Waldst. & Kit., Pl. Rar. Hung. 1: 24 (1801)
  • Trifolium melilotus-officinalis L., Sp. Pl.: 765 (1753)
  • Trifolium petitpierreanum (Willd.) Hayne, Schrad., Neues J. Bot., 2: 337 (1807)
  • Trigonella officinalis (L.) Coulot & Rabaute, Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest. Numero Special 40: 641 (2013)

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Eurasia
      • Afghanistan, Albania, Altay, Austria, Baleares, Belarus, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, France, Germany, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Sardegna, South European Russi, Spain, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Yemen, Yugoslavia
    • Introduced into:
      • Alabama, Algeria, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina South, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Buryatiya, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colorado, Cuba, Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Illinois, Ireland, Irkutsk, Japan, Kamchatka, Kentucky, Kenya, Kerguelen, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Netherlands, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Norway, Primorye, Queensland, Sakhalin, South Australia, Sweden, Tasmania, Tennessee, Tunisia, Uruguay, Vermont, Victoria, Western Australia, Yakutskiya

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

Links[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: إكليل الملك
azərbaycanca: Dərman xəşənbülü
башҡортса: Ҡандала үләне
català: Melilot
kaszëbsczi: Żôłti miodownik
čeština: Komonice lékařská
Cymraeg: Yr wydro resog
Deutsch: Gelber Steinklee
English: Ribbed Melilot
español: Meliloto común
eesti: Kollane mesikas
euskara: Itsabalki arrunt
فارسی: یونجه زرد
suomi: Rohtomesikkä
français: Mélilot officinal
Gaeilge: Crúibín cait
ગુજરાતી: ઝરેર
hornjoserbsce: Žołty komonc
magyar: Orvosi somkóró
italiano: Meliloto odoroso
қазақша: Сары түйежоңышқа
lietuvių: Geltonžiedis barkūnas
эрзянь: Ашо цивиця
norsk bokmål: Legesteinkløver
Nederlands: Citroengele honingklaver
norsk: Legesteinkløver
polski: Nostrzyk żółty
português: Meliloto-amarelo
română: Sulfină
русский: Донник лекарственный
slovenčina: Komonica lekárska
slovenščina: Navadna medena detelja
svenska: Gul sötväppling
Türkçe: Sarı taş yoncası
українська: Буркун лікарський
中文(简体): 黄香草木樨
中文(繁體): 黃香草木樨
中文(台灣): 黃香草木樨
中文: 黄香草木犀
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Melilotus officinalis on Wikimedia Commons.