Marrubium vulgare

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Marrubium vulgare

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Lamiales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Euasterids I
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Lamioideae
Tribus: Marrubieae
Genus: Marrubium
Species: Marrubium vulgare

Name[edit]

Marrubium vulgare L., Sp. Pl. 2: 583. 1753.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
  • Heterotypic
    • Marrubium album Garsault, Fig. Pl. Méd.: t. 364. 1764, nom. inval., opus utiq. oppr.
    • Marrubium apulum Ten., Fl. Napol. 1(Prodr.): XXXIV. 1812.
    • Marrubium uncinatum Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 353. 1812.
    • Marrubium hamatum Kunth in F.W.H.von Humboldt, A.J.A.Bonpland & C.S.Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 2: 310. 1818.
    • Marrubium germanicum Schrank ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. 1: 510. 1821.
    • Marrubium vulgare var. apulum (Ten.) Trevir., Index Seminum (WROCL, Wratislaviensi) 1821(App. 3): 2. 1821.
    • Marrubium vaillantii Coss. & Germ., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 20: 293. 1843.
    • Marrubium vulgare var. lanatum Benth. in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 12: 453. 1848.
    • Marrubium vulgare var. caucasicum K.Koch, Linnaea 21: 696. 1849.
    • Marrubium ballotoides Boiss. & Balansa in P.E.Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Orient., ser. 2, 4: 53. 1859.
    • Marrubium vulgare var. microphyllum Baguet, Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 31: 185. 1891.
    • Marrubium vulgare var. oligodon Barratte in E.Bonnet & J.F.G.Barratte, Expl. Sci. Tunisie, Cat. Pl.: 337. 1896.
    • Marrubium hyperleucum P.Candargy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 149. 1897.
    • Marrubium hyperleucum var. brevidens P.Candargy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 149. 1897.
    • Marrubium hyperleucum var. comosum P.Candargy, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 44: 149. 1897.
    • Marrubium vulgare var. gossypinum Nábelek, Spisy Prír. Fak. Masarykovy Univ. 70: 60. 1926.
    • Marrubium vulgare subsp. apulum (Ten.) H.Lindb., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn., Ser. B, Opera Biol. 2(7): 28. 1946.

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Great Britain, Ireland (introduced), Sweden.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • Baleares, Corse, France, Portugal, Sardegna, Spain.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Kriti, Romania, Sicilia, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Belarus, Baltic States, Krym, Central European Russia, South European Russia, Ukraine.
  • Continental: Africa
    • Regional: Northern Africa
      • Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia.
    • Regional: Macaronesia
      • Azores, Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Madeira.
    • Regional: Southern Africa
      • Free State (introduced).
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan.
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Western Asia
      • Afghanistan, Cyprus, East Aegean Islands, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria, Palestine, Sinai, Turkey.
    • Regional: Arabian Peninsula
      • Saudi Arabia.
    • Regional: China
      • Xinjiang.
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Nepal, Pakistan, West Himalaya.
  • Continental: Australasia (all introduced)
    • Regional: Australia
      • Norfolk Islands.
    • Regional: New Zealand
      • New Zealand North, New Zealand South.
  • Continental: Pacific (all introduced)
    • Regional: Southwestern Pacific
      • New Caledonia.
    • Regional: South-Central Pacific
      • Easter Islands.
    • Regional: North-Central Pacific
      • Hawaii
  • Continental: Northern America (all introduced)
    • Regional: Subarctic America
      • Alaska.
    • Regional: Western Canada
      • British Columbia, Saskatchewan.
    • Regional: Eastern Canada
      • Nova Scotia, Ontario, Québec.
    • Regional: Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington, Wyoming.
    • Regional: North-Central U.S.A.
      • Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wisconsin.
    • Regional: Northeastern U.S.A.
      • Connecticut, Indiana, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia,
    • Regional: Southwestern U.S.A.
      • Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah.
    • Regional: South-Central U.S.A.
      • New Mexico, Texas.
    • Regional: Southeastern U.S.A.
      • Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Kentucky, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia.
    • Regional: Mexico
      • Mexico Central, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest.
  • Continental: Southern America (all introduced)
    • Regional: Central America
      • Guatemala.
    • Regional: Northern South America
      • Venezuela.
    • Regional: Western South America
      • Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru.
    • Regional: Brazil
      • Brazil South.
    • Regional: Southern South America
      • Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Chile Central, Chile North, Juan Fernández Islands, Uruguay.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

čeština: jablečník obecný
Deutsch: Gewöhnlicher Andorn
English: white horehound, common horehound
suomi: Valkohurtanminttu
français: Marrube blanc
magyar: Orvosi pemetefű
italiano: Marrubio
polski: szanta zwyczajna
português: erva-virgem
русский: Шандра обыкновенная
slovenčina: jablčník obyčajný
Türkçe: Köpek otu
中文: 欧夏至草
For more multimedia, look at Marrubium vulgare on Wikimedia Commons.