Kaempferia parviflora

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Kaempferia parviflora


Taxonavigation: Zingiberales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Zingiberales

Familia: Zingiberaceae
Subfamilia: Zingiberoideae
Tribus: Zingibereae
Genus: Kaempferia
Species: Kaempferia parviflora



Kaempferia parviflora Wall. [Numer. List: n. 6587 (1832), nom. nud.] ex Baker, Fl. Brit. India [J. D. Hooker] 6(17): 221 (1890)


  • Heterotypic
    • Stahlianthus rubromarginatus S.Q.Tong, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 33(5): 499 (–500; fig. 1) (1995), as 'rubro-marginatus'; not accepted by Wu & Chen (1996) [cited as Kaempferia parviflora]
      • Typus: S.Q. Tong 42442 (2 August 1991; Holotypus: KUN 1268410 (005297)(CVH)).
      • Type locality: [China.] Yunnan: Mengla culta (a Burma septentrionali introd.).
    • Kaempferia rubromarginata (S.Q.Tong) R.J.Searle, Telopea 8(3): 375 (1999)


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-Tropical
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Bangladesh [fide PWO].
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Cambodia [fide PWO], Laos [fide Tran & Leong-Škorničková 2019], Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam [fide Tran & Leong-Škorničková 2019].

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


  • Tran & Leong-Škorničková (2019) remark that true native range is hard to determine due to the fact that the species sets seed very easily which could be bird dispersed, if spread from a cultivated individual it could result in naturalised subpopulations.



Primary references


Additional references


Vernacular names

English: Black Galingale
ไทย: กระชายดำ
Tiếng Việt: Địa liền đen
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Kaempferia parviflora on Wikimedia Commons.