Hypotrachyna horrescens

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Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Lecanorales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Lecanorales

Familia: Parmeliaceae
Subfamilia: Parmelioideae
Genus: Hypotrachyna
Species: Hypotrachyna horrescens

Name[edit]

Basionym
  • Parmelia horrescens Taylor, 1836

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Elix & Hale, Mycotaxon 29: 242 (1987)
  • Elix, J.A. and Hale, M.E. (1987) Canomaculina, Myelochroa, Parmelinella, Parmelinopsis and Parmotremopsis, five new genera in the Parmeliaceae (lichenized Ascomycotina). - Mycotaxon 29: 233–244.   (RLL List # 131 / Rec.# 4905 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Web site)
  • Brodo, I.M., Sharnoff, S.D. and Sharnoff, S. (2001) Parmelinopsis (pp. 486-488) In, Lichens of North America. Yale University Press, New Haven, 795 pages. (Description of P. horrescens: pp. 486-487; distribution map for North America: p. 486; color photo: p. 487, plate 567)
  • Elix, J.A. (1994) Parmelinopsis. - Flora of Australia 55: 131–138. (Illlustration of Parmelinopsis horrescens: p. 133)
  • Flenniken, D. (1999) Parmelinopsis Elix & Hale (pp. 150-152) In The Macrolichens In West Virginia, 231 pages, 26 plates. (Published by D. Flenniken, 2273 Blachleyville Rd, Wooster, Ohio 44691) (Description of P. horrescens: p. 151; color photo: plate 16, E)
  • Hale, M.E., Jr. (1976) A monograph of the lichen genus Parmelina Hale (Parmeliaceae). - Smithsonian Contrib. Bot. 33: 1–60.   (RLL List # 95 / Rec.# 7476 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Web site) (Illustration of Parmelinopsis horrescens [as Parmelina horrescens]: p. 41)
  • Hale, M.E., Jr. (1979) How to Know the Lichens. 2nd. Edition. - Wm. C. Brown Co., Dubuque, Iowa. 246 pp.   (RLL List # 103-34 / Rec.# 7485 - Recent Literature on Lichens) (Illustration of Parmelinopsis horrescens [as Parmelina horrescens]: p. 93)
  • Hinds, J.W. and Hinds, P.L. (2007) Parmelinopsis Elix & Hale, 1987 (pp. 342-344) In, The Macrolichens of New England. - Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden No. 96. New York Botanical Garden Press, Bronx, New York. 584 pp. (Description of P. horrescens: pp. 342-343; color photo: p. 343, fig. 203)
  • Nash III, T.H. and Elix, J.A. (2002) Parmelinopsis (pp. 313-315) In: Nash III, T.H., Ryan, B.D, Gries, C. and Bungartz, F. (eds.), Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, Vol. 1. Lichens Unlimited, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, 532 pages. (Description of P. horrescens and distribution map for the Sonoran region: p. 314)

Links to photos[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Hairy-spined shield lichen,   Hairy-spined narrow-shield,   Parmelinopsis lichen