Hopea odorata

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Illustration of Hopea odorata from Plants of the Coast of Coromandel, vol. 3.


Taxonavigation: Malvales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales

Familia: Dipterocarpaceae
Subfamilia: Dipterocarpoideae
Genus: Hopea
Species: Hopea odorata


Hopea odorata Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 3: 7 (1811 publ. 1819)

  • Type: Roxburgh, Pl. Coromandel 3: t. 210; see Smitinand, Vidal & Hô (1990: 70).
  • Type locality: [Bangladesh.] Chittagong.


  • Homotypic
    • Doona odorata (Roxb.) Burck, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 6: 233 (1887), p.p., excl. syn. Hopea sangal; not accepted by Pierre (1891) and Smitinand, Vidal & Hô (1990: 69) [cited as Hopea odorata], and Govaerts (2000) [cited as Hopea sangal]
  • Heterotypic
    • Neisandra indica Raf., Sylva Tellur.: 163 (1838); not accepted by Govaerts & al. (2021) [cited as Hopea odorata]
    • Hopea decandra Buch.-Ham. ex Wight, Ill. Ind. Bot. 1: 88 (1840); not accepted by Hooker (1875: 308), Ashton (1982: 423) and Govaerts & al. (2021) [cited as Hopea odorata]
    • Hopea vasta Wall., Numer. List [Wallich] n. 962 (1829), nom. nud. ex A.DC., Prodr. 16, 2: 633, pro syn. (1868); not accepted by Ashton (1982: 423) [cited as Hopea odorata]
    • Hopea wightiana Miq., Herb. Hohenacker: 320 ex Dyer in J.D.Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 1: 308 (1874), pro syn.; not accepted by Pierre (1891) Govaerts & al. (2021) [cited as Hopea odorata]
      • Type locality: [Myanmar.] Rangoon[Yangon], Pegu[Bago], Martaban[Mottama] and Tenasserim[Tanintharyi].
    • Hopea odorata var. eglandulosa Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 3(16): pl. 244 (1891); not accepted by Smitinand, Vidal & Hô (1990: 69) [cited as Hopea odorata]
    • Hopea odorata var. flavescens Pierre, Fl. Forest. Cochinch. 3(16): pl. 244 (1891); not accepted by Smitinand, Vidal & Hô (1990: 69) [cited as Hopea odorata]


Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Tropical-Asia
    • Regional: Indian Subcontinent
      • Bangladesh, India (fide IUCN, West Bengal), Sri Lanka (fide Hassler 2021)
    • Regional: Indo-China
      • Andaman Is. (North Andaman I., Middle Andaman I., South Andaman I. and Little Andaman I. fide Hassler 2021), Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar (Bago, Mandalay and Yangon fide Hassler 2021), Thailand, Vietnam
    • Regional: Malesia
      • Malaya (N. Perak and Terengganu northwards fide Ashton 1982)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Primary references[edit]

  • Roxburgh, W. 1811–1820. Plants of the Coast of Coromandel; selected from drawings and descriptions presented to the hon. court of directors of the East India Company, / by William Roxburgh, M.D. ; Published, by their order, under the direction of Sir Joseph Banks, Bart. P.R.S. ; Vol. III. London. BHL Reference page

Additional references[edit]


Vernacular names[edit]

日本語: タキアン
ភាសាខ្មែរ: គគីរម្សៅ
ລາວ: ແຄນເຮືອ
ဘာသာမန်: ကွေံ
Bahasa Melayu: Cengal Pasir
မြန်မာဘာသာ: သင်္ကန်း
ไทย: ตะเคียน
Tiếng Việt: Sao đen
Wikimedia Commons For more multimedia, look at Hopea odorata on Wikimedia Commons.