Hibiscus syriacus

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Hibiscus syriacus
Hibiscus syriacus

Taxonavigation

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Taxonavigation: Malvales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Malvales

Familia: Malvaceae
Subfamilia: Malvoideae
Tribus: Hibisceae
Genus: Hibiscus
Sectio: H. sect. Hibiscus
Species: Hibiscus syriacus

Hibiscus syriacus L., Sp. Pl.: 695 (1753).

  • Typus: Herb. Linn. No. 875.24 (LINN) [1].
    • Ketmia arborea Moench, Methodus: 617 (1794), nom. superfl.
    • Ketmia syriaca (L.) Scop., Fl. Carniol., ed. 2. 2: 45 (1772).
    • Ketmia syrorum Medik., Malv. 45 (1787), nom. superfl.
  • Heterotypic
    • Althaea frutex Mill. in Gard. Dict., ed. 8.: [s.p.] (1768)
    • Hibiscus acerifolius Salisb. in Parad. Lond. 1: t. 38 (1806)
    • Hibiscus arborescens Gaterau in Desc. Pl. Montauban: 122 (1789)
    • Hibiscus chinensis DC. in Prodr. 1: 455 (1824)
    • Hibiscus floridus Salisb. in Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 383 (1796)
    • Hibiscus rhombifolius Cav. in Diss. 3: 156 (1787)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. alboplenus Sweet in Hort. Brit.: 51 (1826)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. albus Sweet in Hort. Brit.: 51 (1826)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. amplissimus L.F.Gagnep. in Rev. Hort. (Paris) 10: 132 (1861)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. brevibracteatus S.Y.Hu in Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 153: 53 (1955)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. chinensis Lindl. in J. Hort. Soc. London 8: 58 (1853)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. elegantissimus L.F.Gagnep. in Rev. Hort. (Paris) 10: 132 (1861)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. grandiflorus Rehder in Man. Cult. Trees: 619 (1927)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. longibracteatus S.Y.Hu in Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 153: 53 (1955)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. marginatus Sweet in Hort. Brit.: 51 (1826)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. micranthus Y.N.Lee & K.B.Yim in Korean J. Pl. Taxon. 22: 8 (1992)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. paeoniiflorus L.F.Gagnep. in Rev. Hort. (Paris) 10: 132 (1861)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. purpureoplenus Sweet in Hort. Brit.: 51 (1826)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. purpureus Sweet in Hort. Brit.: 51 (1826)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. ruber Sweet in Hort. Brit.: 51 (1826)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. sinensis Lem. in Jard. FIeur. 4: t. 370 (1854)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. totoalbus T.Moore in Gard. Chron., n.s., 10: 524 (1878)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. variegatus Sweet in Hort. Brit.: 51 (1826)
    • Hibiscus syriacus var. violaceus L.F.Gagnep. in Rev. Hort. (Paris) 10: 132 (1861)

Distribution

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Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Asia-temperate
    • Regional: China
      • China South-Central, China Southeast, Taiwan
    • Introduced into:
      • Afghanistan, Alabama, Assam, Belgium, Bermuda, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Connecticut, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, East Himalaya, Ecuador, France, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Illinois, India, Indiana, Iran, Italy, Japan, Juan Fernández Is., Kansas, Kentucky, Korea, Louisiana, Marianas, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New York, North Carolina, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Ohio, Pakistan, Pennsylvania, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South Carolina, Tadzhikistan, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Transcaucasus, Tubuai Is., Turkmenistan, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Virginia, West Virginia, Yugoslavia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References

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Primary references

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Additional references

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Vernacular names

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беларуская: Гібіскус сірыйскі
čeština: ibišek syrský
dansk: Syrisk Rose
English: Rose of Sharon (USA)
suomi: Sinihibiskus
magyar: törökrózsa, kerti mályvacserje
հայերեն: Բաղրջուկ, սիրիական վարդ, քետմի
日本語: ムクゲ (木槿)
한국어: 무궁화
polski: ketmia syryjska
svenska: Frilandshibiskus
Türkçe: Ağaçhatmi
中文: 木槿
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