Help:Contido

From Wikispecies
Jump to: navigation, search
This page is a translated version of the page Help:Contents and the translation is 39% complete.

Outdated translations are marked like this.
Other languages:
العربية • ‎বাংলা • ‎català • ‎čeština • ‎Cymraeg • ‎Deutsch • ‎English • ‎español • ‎suomi • ‎français • ‎galego • ‎עברית • ‎magyar • ‎Bahasa Indonesia • ‎italiano • ‎日本語 • ‎한국어 • ‎lietuvių • ‎मैथिली • ‎Nederlands • ‎polski • ‎português • ‎português do Brasil • ‎română • ‎русский • ‎සිංහල • ‎svenska • ‎Türkçe • ‎українська • ‎Tiếng Việt • ‎中文
Help sections
Contents · General Wikispecies · Taxonavigation section · Name section · Reference section · Vernacular names section
Image Guidelines · Author Names & Author Pages · Project Templates · Project sources · Translation


Wikispecies é un directorio aberto de especies moi relacionado coa Wikipedia, a enciclopedia libre. Escríbese colaborativamente polos seus lectores. Os artigos seguintes conteñen unha guía e información sobre a lectura, a autoría e a participación respectiva a este traballo nestas páxinas.

Esta páxina trata do código básico para dar formato na wiki. Se xa estás familiarizado con este código, podes ir directamente aː HelpːGeneral Wikispecies

==Titorial==

Como che gustaría contribuír en Wikispecies? Aquí fornecemos o titorial adaptado de Wikipedia, pois queremos ensinarche como podes editar páxinas en Wikispecies.

Wikispecies é un directorio de especies editado colaborativamente no que ti podes contribuír. Este grupo de páxinas daráche as destrezas e os coñecementos básicos que necesitarás para comezar a axudarnos a construír este proxecto.

Cada páxina tratará dunha característica útil do programa wiki, unha pequena guía de estilo ou contidos, información sobre a comunidade de editores de Wikispecies ou políticas e normas convencionais importantes en Wikispecies.

Lembra que este é un "titorial", non unha páxina de políticas definitiva ou un manual completo. Se queres máis detalles, ó longo do titorial haberá ligazóns a páxinas da Wikipedia con máis detalles.

Haberá tamén ligazóns a lugares onde poidas practicar o que estás aprendendo. Aproveita a oportunidade para intentar cousas e desfrutar probando. Ninguén se vai molestar se escarallas un experimento nestas zonas de práctica, así que xoga e comproba o que podes facer.

Notaː A localización de ligazóns mencionada no titorial asume que estás usando o modo de presentación de páxinas que se dá por defecto. Se ingresaches como usuario rexistrado e modificaches as túas preferencias, pode ser que estean noutros lugares.

Comezaremos coa característica wiki máis básica de todasː Editar. Coa excepción dunhas poucas páxinas protexidas, cada páxina da wiki ten unha ligazón na parte superior que di "editar". Coa excepción dunhas poucas páxinas protexidas, calquera páxina da wiki ten unha ligazón na parte superior que di "editar". Esta ligazón permíteche facer exactamente o que diː editar a páxina na que estás. As páxinas como estas nas que calquera pode editar calquera cousa se coñecen como wikis.

Inténtaoǃ Nunha nova fiestra, abre a páxina de probas de Wikispecies e unha vez alí preme na ligazón "edita esta páxina". Verás o código fonte para esa páxina. Escribe algo profundo ou divertido, ou simplemente saúda. Entón ó gardala podes ver o que fixeches.

=Amosar unha vista previa

Unha característica importante para comezar usar agora é "Amosar vista previa", que che permite ver como quedaría a páxina trala túa edición, mesmo antes de gardala. Intenta facer edicións na páxina de probas, e despois preme no botón de Amosar vista previa. Todos cometemos erros, e isto permíteche detectalos inmediatamente. Se convertes o uso de Amosar vista previa nun hábito, aforraráste e aforraráslle a outros editores unha chea de problemas. Permíteche tamén probar cambios de formato sen modificar realmente o artigo ata que esteas satisfeito.

Isto é especialmente importante se pensas que poderías facer máis edicións na páxina. Gardar só unha vez é unha boa idea para manter o historial da páxina sen embarullar. Gardar con menos frecuencia tamén é un xeito de evitar conflitos de edición, que acontecen cando dúas persoas intentan modificar unha páxina ó mesmo tempo. Con todo, cando modifiques moita cantidade de texto, pensa se será facelo en pasos sucesivos (por exemplo, un parágrafo cada vez), para que outros poidan seguir as túas edicións máis facilmente.

Minor edits

If you are logged in as registered user, you can mark an edit as "Minor edit" by checking the appropriate box before you save. This is used to show others that your edit is not something substantive. There's no strict guideline on when to do this, but certainly spelling corrections and minor format changes like adding a space or a wikilink are minor edits. In other words, changing the presentation is generally minor, but changing the content is not. When in doubt, don't mark the box.

Edit summary

Before you hit "Save", it is considered to be good practice to enter a very brief summary of your change(s) in the summary box between the edit window and the Save and Preview buttons. It can be quite terse; for example if you just enter "typo", people will know you made a minor spelling or punctuation correction, or some other small change.

Font styles and headings

Bold and italics

When you are writing text, it requires different functions than in a normal word processor.

The wiki can accept some html tags, but most people use the built-in wiki markup language, which is designed for ease of editing. The most commonly used wiki tags are bold and italics. Bolding and italicizing is done by surrounding a word or phrase with multiple apostrophes:

  • ''italics'' is rendered as italics. (2 apostrophes)
  • '''bold''' is rendered as bold. (3 apostrophes)
  • '''''bolded italics''''' is rendered as bolded italics. (2 + 3 = 5 apostrophes)

Headings and subheadings

Headings and subheadings are an easy way to improve the organization of an article. If you can see two or more distinct topics being discussed, you can break up your article by inserting a heading for each section.

Headings can be created like this:

  • ==Top level heading== (2 equals signs)
  • ===Subheading=== (3 equals signs)
  • ====Another level down==== (4 equals signs)

If an article has at least three headings, a table of contents will be automatically generated. Try creating a headline in Wikispecies' Sandbox. It will be automatically added to the table of contents for the page.

Internal links

One of the things that makes Wikispecies in combination with Wikipedia useful and addictive is extensive crosslisting by internal links. These easily-created links allow users to access information related to the article they're reading.

When to link

The easiest way to learn when to link is to look at Wikispecies articles and imitate what they do. If you're trying to decide whether to make a link or not, think "If I were to read this, would following this link be useful to me?"

How to link

When you want to make a link to another Wikispecies page (called a wiki link) you have to put it in double square brackets, like this:

[[Article X]]

For example, if you want to make a link to, say, the Wikispecies:Contributing to Wikispecies page, it would be:

[[Wikispecies:Contributing to Wikispecies]]

Also remember that in wikispecies the links are created automatically, so if you put double square brackets around a word, it becomes a link, and because of that you have to be careful about disambiguation.

If you want the link to the article to show text other than the article title, you can add an alternative name by adding after the pipe "|" divider (SHIFT + BACKSLASH on most keyboards).

For example, if you wanted to make a link to the above example, but wanted it to say "my text" you would write it as such:

To view the article, [[Article X|my text]]...

It would appear as:

To view the article, my text...

but would link to "Article X".

Alternative endings

When you want to use the plural of an article title (or add any other suffix) for your link, you can add the extra letters directly outside the double square brackets.

For example, you would write:

Marine mammals such as [[dolphin]]s...
Intercontinental [[ship]]ping...

It would appear as linked references.

Related sites

Wikispecies is one of several projects of the WikiMedia Foundation. Wikipedia is for prose articles about subjects considered encyclopedic (along with some topics that would typically be found in an almanac).

Any article that simply defines a word, or short phrase, as you would find in a typical dictionary, and that can't be expanded into an encyclopedic entry, should be contributed to Wikipedia's sister project, Wiktionary. A common database for shared contents is under progress.

For a list of all related projects, see the Complete list of Wikimedia projects. The most common links will be listed in the Template help.

Instead of the whole URL, you can use a wiki link similar to a regular Wikispecies link but with a special prefix. For example,

[[wiktionary:house]] or [[wikt:house]]

will link to the Wiktionary definition of the word "house". In your article it will appear as:

wiktionary:house or wikt:house

you can hide the "wiktionary:" part by adding a "pipe" (vertical bar) character:

[[wikt:house|]]

as explained above, so that the result is:

house

The other projects have similar shortcuts: The Meta-Wiki may be linked using "meta:" or "m:" Wikibooks may be linked using "wikibooks:" or "b:" Wikisource may be linked using "wikisource:" or "s:" Wikiquote may be linked using "wikiquote:" or "q:" Wikiversity may be linked using "wikiversity:" or "v:"


Language editions of Wikipedia may be linked using the language abbreviation, for example "en:" or "nl:" for links to the English and Dutch Wikipedias, respectively. It can also be done by putting "w:" before a link, which will result in a link to the English Wikipedia.

External links

If you want to link to a site outside of Wikipedia, it should almost always go under the "Wikipedia:External links|External links" heading at the end of an article.

The easiest way to make a link is to simply type in the full URL for the page you want to link to. If you want to make a link to Google, all you need to do is type:

http://www.google.com/

The wiki will automatically treat this text as a link (as has been done with the URL above) and will display the raw web address, including the "http://" part. In practice, you won't see this format much, as raw URLs are ugly and often give no clue what the site actually is.

To make the link display something other than the URL, use one square bracket at each end. If you want to make a link to Google, type:

[http://www.google.com/]

This will display the link as a number in brackets, like this: [1]. This format is mostly used for citing sources within an article. It looks like a footnote, so it's best to only use it as such (for example, following a direct quote or a statement which requires a source). Avoid this usage: "According to [2], the last full moon of the second millennium occurred on December 11, 2000."

If you want the link to appear with text that you specify, add an alternative title after the address separated by a space (not a pipe). So if you want the link to appear as Google search engine, just type:

[http://www.google.com/ Google search engine]

Note: Using certain characters, such as a pipe(|) in the URL of the link will cause the link to fail; however, HTTP provides the ability to specify any character in a URL as a hexadecimal equivalent to its ASCII representation, so you can, for instance, write %7C instead of the pipe character.

When placed under the "External links" heading, the links should be listed in bullet-point format:

==External links==
*[http://www.google.com/ Google search engine]
Contents General Wikispecies