Help:Cynnwys

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Help sections
Contents · General Wikispecies · Taxonavigation section · Name section · Reference section · Vernacular names section
Image Guidelines · Author Names & Author Pages · Project Templates · Project sources · Translation


Cyfeiriadur o rywogaethau ydy Wicirywogaeth, am ddim, ac sy'n perthyn yn agos i Wicipedia, y gwyddoniadur rhydd ac agored. Mae wedi'i sgwennu gan rwydwaith o ddarllenwyr. Mae'r erthyglau canlynol yn cynnwys canllawiau a gwybodaeth ynglŷn â darllen, awduro a sut i gyfrannu ar y cyd er mwyn datblygu'r wefan hon.

Mae'r ddalen hon yn ymwneud â chôd-wici. Os ydych yn gyfarwydd a'r côd hwn, yna ewch yn syth i: Help:General Wikispecies.

== Tiwtorial ==

Hoffwch chi gyfrannu at Wicirywogaeth? Yn y rhan hon, ceir tiwtorial crynno o Wikipedia, er mwyn dangos sut y gellir golygu tudalennau Wicirywogaeth.

Mae Wicirywogaeth yn gyfeirlyfr o rywogaethau, wedi'i gyd-olygu gan dorf o olygyddion. Gallwch chi fod yn un o'r rhain! Mae'r gyfres yma o ddalennau'n rhoi syniad i chi o'r sgiliau a'r wybodaeth y bydd angen arnoch, i'n helpu i ddatblygu Wicirywogaeth.

Mae pob dalen yn cynnwys trafodaeth ar nodwedd defnyddiol, arddull arbennig a chymorth gyda'r cynnwys, gwybodaeth am y gymuned neu bolisiau Wicirywogaeth.

Cofiwch mai "tiwtorial" yw hwn, nid polisi neu weithlyfr academaidd! Os dymunwch ragor o fanylion, drwy gydol y tiwtorial hwn, ceir dolennau i erthyglau ar Wicipedia.

A bydd dolennau hefyd i fannau ble y gellwch ymarfer yr hyn a ddysgoch. Manteisiwch ar y cyfle i dreialu sgiliau a bocha o gwmpas! Fydd neb yn llyncu mul os y gwnewch gangymeriad wrth arbrofi yn y blwch tywod. Felly, ymlaen!

Note: The location of links mentioned in the tutorial assume you are using the default page layout. If you are logged in as a registered user, and have changed your default preferences, they may be in other locations.

==Golygu dalennau== Fe ddechreuwn gyda'r nodwedd symlaf a hawsaf: Golygu. Ar wahân i lond dwrn o ddalennau sydd wedi'i gwarchod, mae gan bob dalen wici ddolen ar ei brig gyda'r gair golygu. Mae'r ddolen hon yn caniatâu i chi olygu'r ddalen, wrth gwrs! Gelwir safleoedd fel y safle yma - lle y gall nifer o bobl gyd-olygu - yn wicis.

Rhowch gynnig arni! Mewn ffenestr newydd, agorwch Flwch tywod Wicirywogaeth, ac yna cliciwch ar "golygu'r ddalen". Fe welwch y côd craidd ar gyfer y ddalen. Sgwennwch unrhyw beth yn y ffenestr hon. Yna, arbedwch eich gwaith i weld y canlyniad.

Dangos rhagolwg[edit]

Mae "Dangos rhagolwg" yn hynod o bwysig, gan ei fod yn rhoi cyfle i chi fwrw golwg dros eich gwaith, cyn ei arbed. Profwch hyn drwy olygu yn y sandbox ac yna cliciwch ar y botwm rhagolwg. 'Does neb yn berffaith, ac mae'r botwm hwn yn ein cynorthwyo i weld ein cangymeriadau! Mae mynd i'r arferiad o glicio ar "Dangos rhagolwg" yn beth da; gallwch arbed lawer o amser drwy ei ddefnyddio! Mae'n rhoi cyfle i chi arbrofi heb arbed y gwaith, nes eich bod yn fodlon efo'r hyn 'da chi wedi ei sgwennu.

Mae hyn yn hynod bwysig os credwch eich bod yn gwneud golygyiadau eraill i'r ddalen. Mae'n syniad (ac yn arferiad) da Gadw (neu arbed) eich gwaith unwaith yn unig. Gall beidio arbed drwy'r amser olygu nad ewch i drafferthion sy'n codi pan fo nifer yn arbed ar yr un pryd. Fodd bynnag, os ydych yn teipio llawer o destun, yna mae'n beth da safio'n eithaf aml.

Minor edits[edit]

If you are logged in as registered user, you can mark an edit as "Minor edit" by checking the appropriate box before you save. This is used to show others that your edit is not something substantive. There's no strict guideline on when to do this, but certainly spelling corrections and minor format changes like adding a space or a wikilink are minor edits. In other words, changing the presentation is generally minor, but changing the content is not. When in doubt, don't mark the box.

Edit summary[edit]

Before you hit "Save", it is considered to be good practice to enter a very brief summary of your change(s) in the summary box between the edit window and the Save and Preview buttons. It can be quite terse; for example if you just enter "typo", people will know you made a minor spelling or punctuation correction, or some other small change.

Font styles and headings[edit]

Bold and italics[edit]

When you are writing text, it requires different functions than in a normal word processor.

The wiki can accept some html tags, but most people use the built-in wiki markup language, which is designed for ease of editing. The most commonly used wiki tags are bold and italics. Bolding and italicizing is done by surrounding a word or phrase with multiple apostrophes:

  • ''italics'' is rendered as italics. (2 apostrophes)
  • '''bold''' is rendered as bold. (3 apostrophes)
  • '''''bolded italics''''' is rendered as bolded italics. (2 + 3 = 5 apostrophes)

Headings and subheadings[edit]

Headings and subheadings are an easy way to improve the organization of an article. If you can see two or more distinct topics being discussed, you can break up your article by inserting a heading for each section.

Headings can be created like this:

  • ==Top level heading== (2 equals signs)
  • ===Subheading=== (3 equals signs)
  • ====Another level down==== (4 equals signs)

If an article has at least three headings, a table of contents will be automatically generated. Try creating a headline in Wikispecies' Sandbox. It will be automatically added to the table of contents for the page.

Internal links[edit]

One of the things that makes Wikispecies in combination with Wikipedia useful and addictive is extensive crosslisting by internal links. These easily-created links allow users to access information related to the article they're reading.

When to link[edit]

The easiest way to learn when to link is to look at Wikispecies articles and imitate what they do. If you're trying to decide whether to make a link or not, think "If I were to read this, would following this link be useful to me?"

How to link[edit]

When you want to make a link to another Wikispecies page (called a wiki link) you have to put it in double square brackets, like this:

[[Article X]]

For example, if you want to make a link to, say, the Wikispecies:Contributing to Wikispecies page, it would be:

[[Wikispecies:Contributing to Wikispecies]]

Also remember that in wikispecies the links are created automatically, so if you put double square brackets around a word, it becomes a link, and because of that you have to be careful about disambiguation.

If you want the link to the article to show text other than the article title, you can add an alternative name by adding after the pipe "|" divider (SHIFT + BACKSLASH on most keyboards).

For example, if you wanted to make a link to the above example, but wanted it to say "my text" you would write it as such:

To view the article, [[Article X|my text]]...

It would appear as:

To view the article, my text...

but would link to "Article X".

Alternative endings[edit]

When you want to use the plural of an article title (or add any other suffix) for your link, you can add the extra letters directly outside the double square brackets.

For example, you would write:

Marine mammals such as [[dolphin]]s...
Intercontinental [[ship]]ping...

It would appear as linked references.

Related sites[edit]

Wikispecies is one of several projects of the WikiMedia Foundation. Wikipedia is for prose articles about subjects considered encyclopedic (along with some topics that would typically be found in an almanac).

Any article that simply defines a word, or short phrase, as you would find in a typical dictionary, and that can't be expanded into an encyclopedic entry, should be contributed to Wikipedia's sister project, Wiktionary. A common database for shared contents is under progress.

For a list of all related projects, see the Complete list of Wikimedia projects. The most common links will be listed in the Template help.

Instead of the whole URL, you can use a wiki link similar to a regular Wikispecies link but with a special prefix. For example,

[[wiktionary:house]] or [[wikt:house]]

will link to the Wiktionary definition of the word "house". In your article it will appear as:

wiktionary:house or wikt:house

you can hide the "wiktionary:" part by adding a "pipe" (vertical bar) character:

[[wikt:house|]]

as explained above, so that the result is:

house

The other projects have similar shortcuts: The Meta-Wiki may be linked using "meta:" or "m:" Wikibooks may be linked using "wikibooks:" or "b:" Wikisource may be linked using "wikisource:" or "s:" Wikiquote may be linked using "wikiquote:" or "q:" Wikiversity may be linked using "wikiversity:" or "v:"


Language editions of Wikipedia may be linked using the language abbreviation, for example "en:" or "nl:" for links to the English and Dutch Wikipedias, respectively. It can also be done by putting "w:" before a link, which will result in a link to the English Wikipedia.

External links[edit]

If you want to link to a site outside of Wikipedia, it should almost always go under the "Wikipedia:External links|External links" heading at the end of an article.

The easiest way to make a link is to simply type in the full URL for the page you want to link to. If you want to make a link to Google, all you need to do is type:

http://www.google.com/

The wiki will automatically treat this text as a link (as has been done with the URL above) and will display the raw web address, including the "http://" part. In practice, you won't see this format much, as raw URLs are ugly and often give no clue what the site actually is.

To make the link display something other than the URL, use one square bracket at each end. If you want to make a link to Google, type:

[http://www.google.com/]

This will display the link as a number in brackets, like this: [1]. This format is mostly used for citing sources within an article. It looks like a footnote, so it's best to only use it as such (for example, following a direct quote or a statement which requires a source). Avoid this usage: "According to [2], the last full moon of the second millennium occurred on December 11, 2000."

If you want the link to appear with text that you specify, add an alternative title after the address separated by a space (not a pipe). So if you want the link to appear as Google search engine, just type:

[http://www.google.com/ Google search engine]

Note: Using certain characters, such as a pipe(|) in the URL of the link will cause the link to fail; however, HTTP provides the ability to specify any character in a URL as a hexadecimal equivalent to its ASCII representation, so you can, for instance, write %7C instead of the pipe character.

When placed under the "External links" heading, the links should be listed in bullet-point format:

==External links==
*[http://www.google.com/ Google search engine]
Contents General Wikispecies