Helleborus niger

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Helleborus niger subsp. niger, Ferlach, Karawanken, Kärnten, Austria
Helleborus niger subsp. niger flower detail, Ferlach, Karawanken, Kärnten, Austria

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Ranunculales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Ordo: Ranunculales

Familia: Ranunculaceae
Subfamilia: Ranunculoideae
Tribus: Helleboreae
Genus: Helleborus
Sectio: H. sect. Helleborus
Species: Helleborus niger
Subspecies: H. n. subsp. macranthus – H. n. subsp. niger

Name[edit]

Helleborus niger L., Sp. Pl. 1: 558, 1753.

Hybrids[edit]

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Sweden (casual).
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic, casual), Germany, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • France (doubtfully native).
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Italy, Yugoslavia (Croatia, Slovenia)
    • Regional: Eastern Europe (all casual except indcated otherwise)
      • Belarus, Baltic States (Estonia, Kaliningrad, Latvia, Lithuania), Krym, Central European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine (alien).

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

العربية: خربق أسود
azərbaycanca: Qara şaxtagülü
български: Черен кукуряк
català: Hel·lèbor negre
čeština: Čemeřice černá
Cymraeg: Pelydr Du
dansk: Almindelig Julerose
Deutsch: Schwarze Nieswurz
dolnoserbski: Carny kichac
English: Black Hellebore, black hellebore
Esperanto: Nigra heleboro
español: Eléboro negro
فارسی: خربق سیاه
suomi: Vaaleajouluruusu
français: Hellébore noir
Gaelg: Blaa Nollick
हिन्दी: कटुकी
hrvatski: Velecvjetni kukurijek
hornjoserbsce: Čorna čemjerca
magyar: Fekete hunyor
italiano: Elleboro nero
日本語: クリスマスローズ
norsk bokmål: Julerose
Nederlands: Kerstroos
polski: Ciemiernik biały
русский: Морозник чёрный
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Velecvjetni kukurijek
slovenčina: Čemerica čierna
slovenščina: Črni teloh
српски / srpski: Црни кукурек
српски (ћирилица)‎: Црни кукурек
srpski (latinica)‎: Crni kukurek
svenska: Julros
Türkçe: Noel gülü
粵語: 聖誕玫瑰
中文: 聖誕玫瑰


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