Helianthus annuus

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Helianthus annuus
Helianthus annuus

Таксонавигация[править]

Таксонавигация: Asterales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Asterales

Familia: Asteraceae
Subfamilia: Asteroideae
Tribus: Heliantheae
Subtribus: Helianthinae
Genus: Helianthus
Species: Helianthus annuus

Название[править]

Helianthus annuus L., Sp. Pl. 2: 904–905, 1753

Синонимы[править]

  • Гомотипный
    • Helianthus platycephalus Cass. in G.-F.Cuvier, Dict. Sci. Nat., ed. 2. 20: 352 (1821), nom. superfl.
  • Гетеротипический
    • Helianthus annuus var. apicalis Cockerell in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
    • Helianthus annuus var. aridus Cockerell in Amer. Naturalist 49: 611 (1915)
    • Helianthus annuus var. basalis Cockerell in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
    • Helianthus annuus var. californicus (T.Moore) Bushell in Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London 1: 661 (1861)
    • Helianthus annuus californicus T.Moore in Proc. Roy. Hort. Soc. London 1: 314 (1860)
    • Helianthus annuus var. chrysanthemoides Cockerell in Amer. Naturalist 49: 617 (1915)
    • Helianthus annuus var. convolutus Cockerell in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
    • Helianthus annuus var. coronatus Cockerell in J. Heredity 6: 542 (1915)
    • Helianthus annuus var. dilutus Cockerell in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
    • Helianthus annuus f. fallax B.Boivin in Naturaliste Canad. 87: 35 (1960)
    • Helianthus annuus var. flavobasis Cockerell in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
    • Helianthus annuus var. indicus (L.) DC. in Prodr. 5: 585 (1836)
    • Helianthus annuus mut. inornatus Cockerell in Amer. Naturalist 63: 475 (1929)
    • Helianthus annuus subsp. jaegeri (Heiser) Heiser in Contr. Dudley Herb. 4: 317 (1955)
    • Helianthus annuus var. latibasis Cockerell in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
    • Helianthus annuus var. lenticularis (Douglas ex Lindl.) Steyerm. in Rhodora 62: 132 (1960)
    • Helianthus annuus f. lenticularis (Douglas ex Lindl.) B.Boivin in Naturaliste Canad. 87: 35 (1960)
    • Helianthus annuus subsp. lenticularis (Douglas ex Lindl.) Cockerell in Science, n.s., 40: 284 (1914)
    • Helianthus annuus lenticularis (Douglas ex Lindl.) Cockerell in Bot. Gaz. 45: 338 (1908)
    • Helianthus annuus var. macrocarpus (DC.) Cockerell in Amer. Naturalist 49: 611 (1915)
    • Helianthus annuus var. niger Cockerell in Science, n.s., 40: 708 (1914)
    • Helianthus annuus var. pallescens Cockerell in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
    • Helianthus annuus var. passiflora Cockerell in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
    • Helianthus annuus var. primulinus Cockerell in Science, n.s., 38: 312 (1913)
    • Helianthus annuus var. pumilus DC. in Prodr. 5: 585 (1836)
    • Helianthus annuus var. reversus Cockerell in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
    • Helianthus annuus var. revolutus Cockerell in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
    • Helianthus annuus var. ruberrimus Cockerell in Science, n.s., 40: 708 (1914)
    • Helianthus annuus var. selene Cockerell in Science, n.s., 40: 284 (1914)
    • Helianthus annuus var. semivinosus Cockerell in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
    • Helianthus annuus f. silvester Thell. in Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 64: 799 (1919)
    • Helianthus annuus subsp. texanus Heiser in Amer. Midl. Naturalist 51: 299 (1954)
    • Helianthus annuus var. texanus (Heiser) Shinners in Sida 1: 377 (1964)
    • Helianthus annuus var. tortuosus Cockerell in Science, n.s., 38: 313 (1913)
    • Helianthus annuus var. trizonatus Cockerell in Gard. Chron., ser. 3, 64: 186 (1918)
    • Helianthus annuus var. vinosissimus Cockerell in Science, n.s., 40: 709 (1914)
    • Helianthus annuus var. vinosus Cockerell in Science, n.s., 38: 313 (1913)
    • Helianthus aridus Rydb. in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 32: 127 (1905)
    • Helianthus aridus var. citrinus Cockerell in Science, n.s., 40: 284 (1914)
    • Helianthus erythrocarpus Bartl. in Linnaea 14(Literat.): 125 (1840)
    • Helianthus grandiflorus Wender. ex Steud. in Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 737 (1840)
    • Helianthus indicus L. in Mant. Pl. 1: 117 (1767)
    • Helianthus jaegeri Heiser in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 75: 513 (1948)
    • Helianthus lenticularis Douglas ex Lindl. in Edwards's Bot. Reg. 15: t. 1265 (1829)
    • Helianthus lenticularis var. angustus Cockerell in Amer. Naturalist 49: 620 (1915)
    • Helianthus lenticularis var. aridus Cockerell in Amer. Naturalist 49: 611 (1915)
    • Helianthus lenticularis var. primulinus Cockerell in Science, n.s., 40: 284 (1914)
    • Helianthus lindheimerianus Scheele in Linnaea 22: 159 (1849)
    • Helianthus macrocarpus DC. in Prodr. 5: 585 (1836)
    • Helianthus ovatus Lehm. in Index Seminum (HBG, Hamburgensis) 1828: 16 (1828)
    • Helianthus petiolaris DC. in Prodr. 5: 586 (1836), not validly publ.
    • Helianthus pumilus Pers. in Syn. Pl. 2: 475 (1807)
    • Helianthus ultiflorus L. in Sp. Pl.: 905 (1753)

Ареал[править]

Естественный ареал:
  • Continental: Northern America
    • Regional:Southern Central USA
      • Arizona, Nevada
    • Regional:Southwestern USA
      • California
    • Regional:Mexico
      • Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest
    • Introduced into:
      • Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arkansas, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bolivia, Botswana, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Costa Rica, Delaware, Denmark, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, East European Russia, East Himalaya, El Salvador, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Libya, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Manchuria, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Morocco, Namibia, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russi, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Palestine, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Poland, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Sicilia, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russi, Spain, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia

Источники: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Источники[править]

Первичные источники[править]

Ссылки[править]

Народные названия[править]

Afrikaans: Sonneblom
Ænglisc: Sōlate
azərbaycanca: Günəbaxan
български: Слънчоглед
বাংলা: সূর্যমুখী
català: Gira-sol
čeština: Slunečnice roční
cup: Paʼaqily
dansk: Almindelig Solsikke
Deutsch: Sonnenblume
Ελληνικά: Ηλίανθος
English: Sunflower
Esperanto: Sunfloro
español: Girasol
eesti: Harilik päevalill
suomi: Auringonkukka
Nordfriisk: Sanruus
français: Tournesol
Gàidhlig: Neòinean-grèine
galego: Xirasol
עברית: חמניה
hrvatski: Suncokret
magyar: Napraforgó
հայերեն: Արևածաղիկ, արևերթիկ, արևելած ծաղիկ, ալեվլան
Bahasa Indonesia: Bunga matahari
italiano: Girasole
日本語: ヒマワリ
Līvõ kēļ: Pǟvapusk
lietuvių: Paprastoji saulėgrąža
latviešu: Saulgrieze
македонски: Сончоглед
മലയാളം: സൂര്യകാന്തി
монгол: Наран цэцэг
Bahasa Melayu: Pokok Bunga Matahari
Nederlands: Zonnebloem
norsk: Solsikke
polski: Słonecznik zwyczajny
پښتو: لمرګلی
português: Girassol
Runa Simi: Inti wayta
română: Floarea soarelui
русский: Подсолнечник однолетний
sardu: Girasole
slovenčina: Slnečnica ročná
српски / srpski: Сунцокрет
svenska: Solros
తెలుగు: ప్రొద్దు తిరుగుడు
ไทย: ทานตะวัน
Türkçe: Ayçiçeği
українська: Соняшник
Tiếng Việt: Hướng dương
中文: 向日葵
Wikimedia Commons См. также медиафайлы в категории Helianthus annuus на Викискладе.