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Coccolithus pelagicus


Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Chromista
Subregnum: Hacrobia
Phylum: Haptophyta
Classes: Pavlovophyceae - PrymnesiophyceaeHaptophyta incertae sedis


Haptophyta D.J. Hibberd ex B. Edvardsen & W. Eikrem, 2000

Synonyms or similar groups


  • Chrétiennot-Dinet, M.-J.; Desreumaux, N.; Vignes-Lebbe, R. 2014: An interactive key to the Chrysochromulina species (Haptophyta) described in the literature. PhytoKeys, 34: 47–60. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.34.6242 Reference page
  • Eikrem, W.; Medlin, L.K.; Henderiks, J.; Rokitta, S.; Rost, B.; Probert, I.; Throndsen, J.; Edvardsen, B. (2017). Haptophyta. In: Archibald, J.M., Simpson, A.G.B., Slamovits, C. (Eds.). Handbook of the Protists. Springer, pp. 1-61. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-32669-6_38-2
  • Green, J.C. & Jordan, R.W. (1994). Systematic history and taxonomy. In: Green, J.C. & Leadbeater, B.S.C. (eds.) The haptophyte algae. Clarendon Press, Oxford: 1–21.


Vernacular names[edit]

eesti: Haptofüüdid, Prümnesiofüüdid
français: Haptophytes
日本語: ハプト植物門
For more multimedia, look at Haptophyta on Wikimedia Commons.

Alternative classifications[edit]

Hibberd (1972)[edit]

Hibberd D.J., 1972. Chrysophyta: definition and interpretation. British Phycological Journal 7: 281, [1].


Round (1973)[edit]

The biology of the algae, 2n ed., [2].


  • Eucaryota (Caryonta, Plantae euplastidae)

Parke & Dixon (1976)[edit]

Parke, M. & Dixon, P.S. (1976). Check-list of British marine algae - third revision. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 56: 527–594.


Christensen (1980)[edit]

Christensen, T., 1980. Algae: a taxonomic survey. Fasc. 1. Odense: Aio Tryk as.

Tappan (1980)[edit]

Tappan, H. N. (1980). The paleobiology of plant protists. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman, [3].

Cavalier-Smith (1986)[edit]

Cavalier-Smith, T. (1986). The kingdom Chromista, origin and systematics. In: Round, F.E. and Chapman, D.J. (eds.). Progress in Phycological Research. 4: 309–347, [4].

Kingdom Chromista

Cavalier-Smith (1993)[edit]

From Kingdom Protozoa and its 18 phyla.

Empire Eukaryota

Jordan & Green (1994)[edit]

Jordan, R.W. & Green, J.C. (1994). A check-list of the extant Haptophyceae of the world. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 74: 149–174.

Division Haptophyta

van den Hoek et al. (1995)[edit]

Hoek, C. van den, Mann, D.G. & Jahns, H.M. (1995). Algae An Introduction to Phycology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, [5].


Edvardsen et al. (2000)[edit]

Edvardsen, B., Eikrem, W., Green, J. C., Andersen, R. A., Moon-van der Staay, S. Y., & Medlin, L. K. (2000). Phylogenetic reconstructions of the Haptophyta inferred from 18S ribosomal DNA sequences and available morphological data. Phycologia, 39(1), 19-35, [6].

Division Haptophyta Hibberd ex Edvardsen et Eikrem

Jordan et al. (2004)[edit]

Jordan, R. W., Cros, L., & Young, J. R. (2004). A revised classification scheme for living haptophytes. Micropaleontology, 55-79, [7].

Division Haptophyta Hibberd 1972 ex Edvardsen and Eikrem in Edvardsen et al. 2000

Adl et al. (2012)[edit]

Adl, S. M. et al. (2012). The revised classification of eukaryotes. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 59 (5): 429–514, [8].

Incertae sedis Eukaryota

Cavalier-Smith et al. (2015)[edit]

Kingdom Chromista Cavalier-Smith, 1981

  • Subkingdom 1. Hacrobia Okamoto et al. ex Cavalier-Smith, 2010 and Cavalier-Smith, 2010
  • Subkingdom 2. Harosa Cavalier-Smith, 2010a and Cavalier-Smith, 2010b