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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Chromista
Subregnum: Harosa
Infraregnum: Rhizaria
Phylum: Cercozoa
Subphylum: Endomyxa
Classis: Ascetosporea
Ordines: Claustrosporida – Haplosporida – Paradinida – Paramyxida



Ascetosporea Desportes & Ginsburger-Vogel, 1977

See also


  • Berthe, F.C.J.; Hine, P.M. 2004: Taxonomic correction: Bonamia exitiosa Hine et al., 2001 is proposed instead of B. exitiosus as the valid name of Bonamia sp. infecting flat oysters Ostrea chilensis in New Zealand. Diseases of aquatic organisms, 57: 181. [1]
  • Cavalier-Smith, T. & Chao, E.E. 2003. Phylogeny and classification of phylum Cercozoa (Protozoa). Protist 154(3–4): 341–358. PMID: 14658494 DOI: 10.1078/143446103322454112 Reference page
  • Cavalier-Smith T. 2003. Protist phylogeny and the high-level classification of Protozoa. European Journal of Protistology 39: 338–348. DOI: 10.1078/0932-4739-00002 Reference page
  • Hine, P.M.; Cochennec-Laureau, N.; Berthe, F.C.J. 2001: Bonamia exitiosus n. sp. (Haplosporidia) infecting flat oysters Ostrea chilensis in New Zealand. Diseases of aquatic organisms, 47: 63–72.
  • Reece, K.S.; Siddall, M.E.; Stokes, N.A.; Burreson, E.M. 2004: Molecular phylogeny of the Haplosporidia based on two independent gene sequences. Journal of parasitology, 90: 1111–1122. [2]
  • Reece, K.S.; Stokes, N.A. 2003: Molecular analysis of a haplosporidian parasite from cultured New Zealand abalone Haliotis iris. Diseases of aquatic organisms, 53: 61–66.

Alternative classifications


Cavalier-Smith (2002)


From The phagotrophic origin of eukaryotes and phylogenetic classification of Protozoa, [3].

Kingdom Protozoa

Cavalier-Smith (2003)


From Phylogeny and Classification of Phylum Cercozoa (Protozoa).


Cavalier-Smith & Chao (2003)


Cercozoa Cavalier-Smith 1998

  • Subphylum 1. Filosa Cavalier-Smith subphyl. nov.
  • Subphylum 2. Endomyxa Cavalier-Smith 2002 emend.
    • Class 1. Phytomyxea Engler and Prantl 1897
    • Class 2. Ascetosporea Sprague 1979 stat. nov. Cavalier-Smith 2002
      • Order 1. Haplosporida Caullery and Mesnil 1889 orth. em. Lühe 1900 (Minchinia, Haplosporidium, Urosporidium, Bonamia, Mikrocytos)
      • Order 2. Paramyxida Chatton 1911 (Marteilia, Paramyxa, Paramarteilia)
      • Order 3. Claustrosporida Cavalier-Smith ord. nov. (Claustrosporidium)
    • Class 3. Gromiidea Cavalier-Smith cl. nov.
      • Order Gromiida Claparède and Lachmann 1856 (Gromia)

Adl et al. (2012)


From The Revised Classification of Eukaryotes, [4].

Eukaryota Chatton, 1925

Ruggiero et al. (2015)