Halichondria panicea

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Halichondria panicea

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Suberitida 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Phylum: Porifera
Classis: Demospongiae
Subclassis: Heteroscleromorpha
Ordo: Suberitida

Familia: Halichondriidae
Genus: Halichondria
Subgenus: Halichondria (Halichondria)
Species: Halichondria panicea

Name[edit]

Halichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766)

  • Type data: unknown, probably lost. [All type material of Pallas was destroyed by fire in Küstrin (Poland) in 1758 during the Seven Years’ War fide Wiedenmayer (1977)]
  • Neotype: BMNH 1964.6.8.6, collected on 28 September 1963. [designated by Erpenbeck & van Soest (2002: 801)]
  • Type locality: “Mare circa Angliam & Belgium”, redesigned by neotype designation to “Burnham-on-Crouch, Essex” by Erpenbeck & van Soest (2002: 801).

Combinations[edit]

  • Spongia panicea Pallas, 1766: 388 [original combination]
  • Halichondria paniceaFleming, 1828: 520 [subsequent combination]

Synonyms[edit]

  • Spongia tomentosa Linnaeus, 1767: 1299 [original combination]
    • Type data: unknown.
    • Type locality: “Zosteram”.
  • Spongia cristata Ellis & Solander, 1786: 186
    • Type data: unknown. [Unlocated collection fide Stone (1986)]
    • Type locality: “eastward of Hastings, in Sussex”.
  • Spongia urens Ellis & Solander, 1786: 187
    • Type data: unknown. [Unlocated collection fide Stone (1986)]
    • Type locality: “sea coast of North America”.

References[edit]

Primary references[edit]

Links[edit]