Gastrodia javanica

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Gastrodia javanica


Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Gastrodieae
Genus: Gastrodia
Species: Gastrodia javanica



Gastrodia javanica (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 384 (1840)


  • Basionym
    • Epiphanes javanica Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 421 (1825)
  • Heterotypic
    • Gastrodia hasseltii Blume, Mus. Bot. 2: 175 (1856)
    • Gastrodia malayana Ridl., Mat. Fl. Malay. Penins. 1: 207 (1907)


Native distribution areas:
  • Asia-Tropical
    • Indo-China
      • Thailand.
    • Malesia
      • Borneo, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Malaya, Philippines, Sumatera.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition



Primary references

  • Lindley, J. 1840. The Genera and Species of Orchidaceous Plants 384.

Vernacular names


中文: 爪哇赤箭, 南天麻
中文(简体): 南天麻, 爪哇赤箭

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