Fritillaria meleagris

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Fritillaria meleagris

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Liliales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Liliales

Familia: Liliaceae
Subfamilia: Lilioideae
Genus: Fritillaria
Species: Fritillaria meleagris

Name[edit]

Fritillaria meleagris L., Sp. Pl. 1: 304. 1753.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Homotypic
    • Fritillaria tesselata Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 236. 1796, nom. superfl.
    • Lilium meleagris (L.) E.H.L.Krause in J.Sturm, Deutschl. Fl. Abbild., ed. 2, 1: 91. 1906.
  • Heterotypic
    • Fritillaria pallida Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 237. 1796.
    • Fritillaria graminifolia Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 2: 235. 1812.
    • Fritillaria tesselata var. alba Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 174. 1821 publ. 1822.
    • Fritillaria tesselata var. lutea Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 174. 1821 publ. 1822.
    • Fritillaria tesselata var. multiflora Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 174. 1821 publ. 1822.
    • Fritillaria tesselata var. serotina Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 2: 174. 1821 publ. 1822.
    • Fritillaria lutea Rchb., Icon. Fl. Germ. Helv. 10: t. 975. 1848, nom. illeg.
    • Fritillaria praecox K.Koch, Index Seminum (B, Berolinensis) 1855(App.): 10. 1855.
    • Fritillaria montana Sanguin., Atti Accad. Pontan. 15: 29. 1862, nom. illeg.
    • Fritillaria major Baker, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 254. 1874.
    • Fritillaria contorta Baker, Gard. Chron., n.s., 25: 681. 1886.
      • Fritillaria meleagris var. contorta (Baker) W.Mill. in L.H.Bailey, Cycl. Amer. Hort.: 611. 1900.

Distribution[edit]

Native distribution areas:
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark (introduced), Finland (introduced), Great Britain, Norway (introduced), Sweden (introduced)
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium (extinct), Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • France
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Italy, Romania, former Yugoslavia
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Baltic States ((introduced), Central European Russia, South European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Ukraine
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Siberia
      • Altay, West Siberia
    • Regional: Middle Asia
      • Kazakhstan (doubtful)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

azərbaycanca: Şahmatşəkilli laləvər
български: шахматовидна ведрица
català: Fritil·lària meleagris, Fritiŀlària meleagris, Fritil·lària meleagris L.
čeština: řebčík kostkovaný
Cymraeg: britheg
dansk: Almindelig Vibeæg
Deutsch: Schachblume, Gemeine Schachblume, Schachbrettblume, Kiebitzei
English: snake's head fritillary, snake's head, chess flower, frog-cup, guinea-hen flower, guinea flower, leper lily, Lazarus bell, chequered lily, chequered daffodil, drooping tulip, fritillary
español: fritillaria meleagris
فارسی: لاله واژگون کله‌ماری
suomi: Kirjopikarililja
français: Fritillaire pintade, Oeuf de pintade, Œuf de pintade, Fritillaire damier
hrvatski: Obična kockavica
hornjoserbsce: Wšědna woknješička, Woknate róže
magyar: Mocsári kockásliliom, kotuliliom, kockásliliom
հայերեն: Արքայապսակ շախմատային, արքայածաղիկ, սութմա կակաչ
íslenska: Vepjulilja
日本語: フリチラリア・メレアグリス
қазақша: Кіші сепкілгүл
lietuvių: Paprastoji margutė
norsk bokmål: Rutelilje
Nedersaksies: Kieftsbloeme
Nederlands: Kievitsbloem, Fritellaria, Wilde kievitsbloem
polski: Szachownica kostkowata
română: Laleaua Pestriță, Laleaua pestriţă
русский: Рябчик шахматный
slovenčina: korunka kockovaná
slovenščina: Močvirski tulipan, Močvirska logarica
svenska: Kungsängslilja, Damspelslilja
українська: Рябчик великий, Рябчик шаховий
中文(简体)‎: 花格贝母
中文(繁體)‎: 花格貝母
中文(台灣)‎: 花格貝母
中文: 花格貝母, 阿爾泰貝母, 小貝母, 花格贝母, 蛇頭貝母, 珠雞斑貝母, 阿尔泰贝母
For more multimedia, look at Fritillaria meleagris on Wikimedia Commons.