Evernia prunastri

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Evernia prunastri

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Lecanorales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Divisio: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Lecanorales

Familia: Parmeliaceae
Subfamilia: Parmelioideae
Genus: Evernia
Species: Evernia prunastri

Name[edit]

Evernia prunastri (L.) Ach., Lich. Univ.: 442 (1810)   [Mycobank #384976]

Basionym[edit]

  • Lichen prunastri L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1147 (1753)   [Mycobank #394386]

Homotypic synonyms[edit]

  • Lobaria prunastri (L.) Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl. 2: 140 (1796) ["1795"]   [Mycobank #394895]
  • Parmelia prunastri (L.) Ach., Method. Lich. 2: 257 (1803)   [Mycobank #398110]
  • Physcia prunastri (L.) DC., in Lam. & DC. Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 2: 397 (1805)   [Mycobank #400784]
  • Platysma prunastri (L.) Frege, Deutsch. Botanisch. Taschenb. 2: 159 (1812)   [Mycobank #401609]
  • Borrera prunastri (L.) Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graecae Prodr. 2: 314 (1813)   [Mycobank #380084]
  • Ramalina prunastri (L.) Chevall., Fl. Gén. Env. Paris 1: 607 (1826)   [Mycobank #403807]
  • Parmelia mollis α.(=var.) prunastri (L.) Schaer., Lich. Helvet. Spicil. 10: 490 (1840)   [cf. Mycobank 618320]

Heterotypic synonyms[edit]

  • Parmelia prunastri β.(=var.) retusa Ach., Method. Lich. 2: 257 (1803)   [Mycobank #463701]
  • Evernia prunastri ε.(=var.) retusa (Ach.) Ach., Lich. Univ.: 443 (1810)
  • Evernia retusa (Ach.) Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. 3 (2): 95 (1813)   [Mycobank #384978]
  • Evernia prunastri α.(=var.) platyphylla * (=f.) retusa (Ach.) Flot., Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Kult. 28: 118 (1850)
  • Evernia prunastri α.(=var.) vulgaris * (=f.) retusa (Ach.) Körb., Syst. Lich. Germ.: 42 (1855)
  • Evernia prunastri f. retusa (Ach.) Cromb., Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. 17: 569 (1880)   (comb. inval.)
  • Evernia prunastri f. retusa (Ach.) Cromb., Monogr. Lich. Brit. 1: 230 (1894)   [cf. Mycobank #452254]
  • Lichen stictoceros Sm. & Sowerby, Engl. Bot. 19 : tab. 1353 (1804)   [Mycobank #394520]
  • Evernia prunastri β.(=var.) stictocera (Sm. & Sowerby) Ach., Lich. Univ.: 442 (1810)   [Mycobank #452253]
  • Evernia prunastri β.(=var.) stictoceros (Sm. & Sowerby) Hook., Engl. Fl. 5 (1): 224 (1833)
  • Evernia stictoceros (Sm. & Sowerby) Sm. & Sowerby, Engl. Bot., ed. 2, 11: 67, tab. 2244 (1844)   [Mycobank #364678]
  • Physcia prunastri c.(=f.) stictocera (Sm. & Sowerby) Schaer., Enum. Crit. Lich. Europ.: 11 (1850)
  • Evernia herinii P.A. Duvign., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 72 (2): 153 (1940)   [Mycobank #366231]
  • Evernia prunastri var. herinii (P.A. Duvign.) Maas Geest., Blumea 7 (3): 582 (1954)   [Mycobank #477529]
  • Evernia prunastri f. herinii (P.A. Duvign.) D.Hawksw., Lichenologist 12 (1): 106 (1980)   [Mycobank #118230]

References[edit]

  • Acharius, E. (1803)   Methodus qua omnes detectos Lichenes; secundum organa carpomorpha ad genera, species et varietates redigere atque observationibus illustrare tentavit Erik Acharius. 2: 153 - 393.   [Mattick Rec.# 30921 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Acharius, E. (1810)   Lichenographia Universalis; in qua lichenes omnes detectos, adiectis observationibus et figuris horum vegetabilium naturam et organorum carpomorphorum structuram illustrantibus, ad genera, species, varietates differentiis et observationibus sollicite definitas redegit Erik Acharius.: 1 - 696, tab.I - XIV.   [Mattick Rec.# 30922 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Chevallier, F.F. 1826. Lichens. In Flore générale des environs de Paris, selon la méthode naturelle. 1: 510–646. Paris. Biblioteca Digital Reference page
  • Crombie, J.M.M. (1880)   On the Lichens of Dillenius's 'Historia Muscorum', as illustrated by his Herbarium. - The Journal of Linnean Society. Botany 17: 553 - 581.   [Mattick Rec.# 26104 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Crombie, J.M.M. (1894)   A Monograph of Lichens found in Britain; being a Descriptive Catalogue of the Species in the Herbarium of the British Museum. 1 : 1 - 519.   [Mattick Rec.# 26127 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • De Candolle, A.P. 1805. Des Lichens. In Lamarck, J.-B. & De Candolle, A.P., Flore française, ou descriptions succinctes de toutes les plantes qui croissent naturellement en France, Disposées selon une nouvelle Méthode d'Analyse, et précédées par un Exposé des Principes élémentaires de la Botanique., ed. 3, 2: 321–414. Biblioteca Digital Reference page
  • Duvigneaud, P.A. (1940)   L'acide usninique et les espèces dites « chimiques », en lichenologie cas de Evernia prunastri (L.) Ach. et Evernia herinii nov. spec. - Bulletin de la Société Royale de Botanique de Belgique 72 (2): 148 - 154.   [Mattick Rec.# 26404 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Flotow, J.C.G.U.G.G.A.E.F (1850)   Lichenes Florae Silesiae. - Jahresbericht der Schlesischen Gesellschaft für varterländische Kultur 28: 115 - 143.   [Mattick Rec.# 33369 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Frege, C.A. (1812)   Deutsches Botanisches Taschenbuch für Liebhaber der deutschen Pflanzenkunde. 2 : 1 - 520.
  • Hawksworth, D.L., P.W. James & B.J. Coppins (1980)   Checklist of British Lichen-Forming, Lichenicolous And Allied Fungi. - The Lichenologist 12 (1): 1 - 115.   [RLL List # 107-35 / Rec.# 7892 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Hoffmann, G.F. (1796)   Cryptogamia Scutellata (Lichenes). - Deutschlands Flora; oder Botanisches Taschenbuch für das Jahr 1795. 2: 98 - 200.   [Mattick Rec.# 23603 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Hooker, W.J. (1833)   Lichenes. - The English Flora; of Sir James Edward Smith. 5 (1): 129 - 241.   [Mattick Rec.# 33509 - Recent Literature on Lichens]
  • Körber, G.W. (1855)   Systema Lichenum Germaniae; Die Flechten Deutschlands.: 1 - 458.   [Mattick Rec.# 23705 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Linnaeus, C. (1753)   Species Plantarum; exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. 2: 561 - 1200.   [Mattick Rec.# 33094 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Maas Geesteranus, R.A. (1954)   Notes on Dutch Lichens. - Blumea 7 (3): 570 - 592.   [RLL List # 15 / Rec.# 11953 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (PDF file)
  • Röhling, J.C. (1813)   Deutschlands kryptogamische Gewächse IV. - Deutschlands Flora 3 (2): 1 - 210.   [Mattick Rec.# 33277 - Recent Literature on Lichens]
  • Schaerer, L.E. (1840)   Lichenum Helveticorum Spicilegium. 10: 453 - 510.   [Mattick Rec.# 33278 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Schaerer, L.E. (1850)   Enumeratio Critica Lichenum Europaeorum; quos ex nova methodo digerit Ludov. Emanuel Schaerer.: 1 - 327.   [Mattick Rec.# 34108 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Sibthorp, J. & J.E. Smith (1813)   Cryptogamia. - Florae Graecae Prodromus; sive Plantarum omnium enumeratio, quas in Provinciis aut Insulis Graeciae. 2: 269 - 354.   (Web site)
  • Smith, J.E. & J. Sowerby (1804)   English Botany; or Coloured Figures of British Plants, with their Essential Characters, Synonyms and Places of Growth. 19: tab. 1297 - 1368.   [Mattick Rec.# 33494 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Biblioteca Digital)
  • Smith, J.E. & J. Sowerby (1844)   English Botany; or Coloured Figures of British Plants, with their Essential Characters, Synonyms and Places of Growth., ed. 2, 11 : 1 - 106, tab. 2111 - 2296.


Links to photos[edit]

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Oakmoss lichen,   Ring lichen
suomi: valkohankajäkälä
magyar: Tölgyfazuzmó
日本語: ツノマタゴケ