Evernia prunastri

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Evernia prunastri

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Lecanorales 

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Fungi
Subregnum: Dikarya
Phylum: Ascomycota
Subdivisio: Pezizomycotina
Classis: Lecanoromycetes
Subclassis: Lecanoromycetidae
Ordo: Lecanorales

Familia: Parmeliaceae
Genus: Evernia
Species: Evernia prunastri

Name[edit]

Evernia prunastri (L.) Ach., Lich. Univ.: 442 (1810)   [Mycobank #384976]

Basionym[edit]

  • Lichen prunastri L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1147 (1753)   [Mycobank #394386]

Homotypic synonyms[edit]

  • Lobaria prunastri (L.) Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl. 2: 140 (1796) ["1795"]   [Mycobank #394895]
  • Parmelia prunastri (L.) Ach., Method. Lich. 2: 257 (1803)   [Mycobank #398110]
  • Physcia prunastri (L.) DC., in Lam. & DC. Fl. Franç., ed. 3, 2: 397 (1805)   [Mycobank #400784]
  • Platysma prunastri (L.) Frege, Deutsch. Botanisch. Taschenb. 2: 159 (1812)   [Mycobank #401609]
  • Borrera prunastri (L.) Sibth. & Sm., Fl. Graecae Prodr. 2: 314 (1813)   [Mycobank #380084]
  • Ramalina prunastri (L.) Chevall., Fl. Gén. Env. Paris 1: 607 (1826)   [Mycobank #403807]
  • Parmelia mollis α.(=var.) prunastri (L.) Schaer., Lich. Helvet. Spicil. 10: 490 (1840)   [cf. Mycobank 618320]

Heterotypic synonyms[edit]

  • Parmelia prunastri β.(=var.) retusa Ach., Method. Lich. 2: 257 (1803)   [Mycobank #463701]
  • Evernia prunastri ε.(=var.) retusa (Ach.) Ach., Lich. Univ.: 443 (1810)
  • Evernia retusa (Ach.) Röhl., Deutschl. Fl. 3 (2): 95 (1813)   [Mycobank #384978]
  • Evernia prunastri α.(=var.) platyphylla * (=f.) retusa (Ach.) Flot., Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Kult. 28: 118 (1850)
  • Evernia prunastri α.(=var.) vulgaris * (=f.) retusa (Ach.) Körb., Syst. Lich. Germ.: 42 (1855)
  • Evernia prunastri f. retusa (Ach.) Cromb., Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. 17: 569 (1880)   (comb. inval.)
  • Evernia prunastri f. retusa (Ach.) Cromb., Monogr. Lich. Brit. 1: 230 (1894)   [cf. Mycobank #452254]
  • Lichen stictoceros Sm. & Sowerby, Engl. Bot. 19 : tab. 1353 (1804)   [Mycobank #394520]
  • Evernia prunastri β.(=var.) stictocera (Sm. & Sowerby) Ach., Lich. Univ.: 442 (1810)   [Mycobank #452253]
  • Evernia prunastri β.(=var.) stictoceros (Sm. & Sowerby) Hook., Engl. Fl. 5 (1): 224 (1833)
  • Evernia stictoceros (Sm. & Sowerby) Sm. & Sowerby, Engl. Bot., ed. 2, 11: 67, tab. 2244 (1844)   [Mycobank #364678]
  • Physcia prunastri c.(=f.) stictocera (Sm. & Sowerby) Schaer., Enum. Crit. Lich. Europ.: 11 (1850)
  • Evernia herinii P.A. Duvign., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belg. 72 (2): 153 (1940)   [Mycobank #366231]
  • Evernia prunastri f. herinii (P.A. Duvign.) D. Hawksw., Lichenologist 12 (1): 106 (1980)   [Mycobank #118230]

References[edit]

  • Acharius, E. (1803)   Methodus qua omnes detectos Lichenes; secundum organa carpomorpha ad genera, species et varietates redigere atque observationibus illustrare tentavit Erik Acharius. 2: 153 - 393.   [Mattick Rec.# 30921 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Acharius, E. (1810)   Lichenographia Universalis; in qua lichenes omnes detectos, adiectis observationibus et figuris horum vegetabilium naturam et organorum carpomorphorum structuram illustrantibus, ad genera, species, varietates differentiis et observationibus sollicite definitas redegit Erik Acharius.: 1 - 696, tab.I - XIV.   [Mattick Rec.# 30922 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Chevallier, F.F. (1826)   Lichens. - Flore Générale des Environs de Paris; selon la méthode naturelle. 1: 510 - 646.   [Mattick Rec.# 33443 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Crombie, J.M.M. (1880)   On the Lichens of Dillenius's 'Historia Muscorum', as illustrated by his Herbarium. - The Journal of Linnean Society. Botany 17: 553 - 581.   [Mattick Rec.# 26104 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Crombie, J.M.M. (1894)   A Monograph of Lichens found in Britain; being a Descriptive Catalogue of the Species in the Herbarium of the British Museum. 1 : 1 - 519.   [Mattick Rec.# 26127 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • De Candolle, A.P. (1805)   Des Lichens. - in Lamarck & De Candolle, Flore Française; ou descriptions succinctes de toutes les plantes qui croissant naturellement en France., ed. 3, 2 : 1 - 600.   [Mattick Rec.# 33435 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Duvigneaud, P.A. (1940)   L'acide usninique et les espèces dites « chimiques », en lichenologie cas de Evernia prunastri (L.) Ach. et Evernia herinii nov. spec. - Bulletin de la Société Royale de Botanique de Belgique 72 (2): 148 - 154.   [Mattick Rec.# 26404 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Flotow, J.C.G.U.G.G.A.E.F (1850)   Lichenes Florae Silesiae. - Jahresbericht der Schlesischen Gesellschaft für varterländische Kultur 28: 115 - 143.   [Mattick Rec.# 33369 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Frege, C.A. (1812)   Deutsches Botanisches Taschenbuch für Liebhaber der deutschen Pflanzenkunde. 2 : 1 - 520.
  • Hawksworth, D.L., P.W. James & B.J. Coppins (1980)   Checklist of British Lichen-Forming, Lichenicolous And Allied Fungi. - The Lichenologist 12 (1): 1 - 115.   [RLL List # 107-35 / Rec.# 7892 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Hoffmann, G.F. (1796)   Cryptogamia Scutellata (Lichenes). - Deutschlands Flora; oder Botanisches Taschenbuch für das Jahr 1795. 2: 98 - 200.   [Mattick Rec.# 23603 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Hooker, W.J. (1833)   Lichenes. - The English Flora; of Sir James Edward Smith. 5 (1): 129 - 241.   [Mattick Rec.# 33509 - Recent Literature on Lichens]
  • Linnaeus, C. (1753)   Species Plantarum; exhibentes plantas rite cognitas, ad genera relatas, cum differentiis specificis, nominibus trivialibus, synonymis selectis, locis natalibus, secundum systema sexuale digestas. 2: 561 - 1200.   [Mattick Rec.# 33094 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Röhling, J.C. (1813)   Deutschlands kryptogamische Gewächse IV. - Deutschlands Flora 3 (2): 1 - 210.   [Mattick Rec.# 33277 - Recent Literature on Lichens]
  • Schaerer, L.E. (1850)   Enumeratio Critica Lichenum Europaeorum; quos ex nova methodo digerit Ludov. Emanuel Schaerer.: 1 - 327.   [Mattick Rec.# 34108 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Sibthorp, J. & J.E. Smith (1813)   Cryptogamia. - Florae Graecae Prodromus; sive Plantarum omnium enumeratio, quas in Provinciis aut Insulis Graeciae. 2: 269 - 354.   (Web site)
  • Smith, J.E. & J. Sowerby (1804)   English Botany; or Coloured Figures of British Plants, with their Essential Characters, Synonyms and Places of Growth. 19 : tab. 1297 - 1368.   [Mattick Rec.# 33494 - Recent Literature on Lichens] (Web site)
  • Smith, J.E. & J. Sowerby (1844)   English Botany; or Coloured Figures of British Plants, with their Essential Characters, Synonyms and Places of Growth., ed. 2, 11 : 1 - 106, tab. 2111 - 2296.


Links to photos[edit]

  • The Lichen Herbarium, Natural History Museum, University of Oslo, Norway (Photo Gallery) - Evernia prunastri

Vernacular names[edit]

English: Oakmoss lichen,   Ring lichen
日本語: ツノマタゴケ