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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Protozoa
Subregnum: Eozoa
Infraregnum: Euglenozoa
Phylum: Euglenozoa
Subphylum: Plicostoma
Classis: Euglenoidea
Subclassis: Euglenia
Ordo: Euglenida
Familiae: Euglenaceae – Petalomonadaceae – Phacaceae




Alternative classifications[edit]

Cavalier-Smith (1993)[edit]

From Kingdom Protozoa and its 18 phyla

In Class Aphagea
Subclass Euglenia subcl. nov.

Stein (1878)[edit]

Stein, F. von (1878). Der Organismus der Infusionsthiere, Abt. 3 (1), p. X. Engelmann, Leipzig, [1], [2].

Leedale (1967)[edit]

Leedale, G. F. (1967), Euglenoid Flagellates. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, 242 p., [3].

Phylum Euglenophyta [botanical classification]

Phylum Protozoa

Levine et al. (1980)[edit]

From N. D. Levine; J. O. Corliss; F. E. G. Cox; G. Deroux; J. Grain; B. M. Honigberg; G. F. Leedale; A. R. Loeblich, III; J. Lom; D. Lynn; E. G. Merinfeld; F. C. Page; G. Poljansky; V. Sprague; J. Vavra; and F. G. Wallace (1980). A newly revised classification of the Protozoa. J. Protozool., 27:37–58, [4].

Subkingdom Protozoa

Walne & Kivic in Margulis et al. (1990[1989])[edit]

Walne, P.L. & Kivic, P.A., 1990[1989]. 15. Phylum Euglenida. In: Margulis, L., J.O. Corliss, M. Melkonian, D.J. Chapman (ed.). Handbook of Protoctista. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Boston, p. 270-287. See Brands, S.J. (1989-2015), [5].

Kingdom Protoctista

Hausmann et al. (1996)[edit]

From Hausmann, K., N. Hülsmann. Protozoology. Thieme Verlag; New York, 1996. [6]

Empire Eukaryota

Simpson (1997)[edit]

Simpson, A. G. (1997). The identity and composition of the Euglenozoa. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 148(3), 318-328, [7].

Euglenozoa Cavalier-Smith, 1981

Leedale in Lee et al. (2000)[edit]

Leedale, G.F. 2000. Class Euglenoidea Bütschli, 1884, order Euglenida Bütschli, 1884. In: Lee, J.J., Leedale, G.F. & Bradbury, P. An Illustrated Guide to the Protozoa. Society of Protozoologists/Allen Press: Lawrence, Kansas, U.S.A, 2nd ed., vol. 2, p. 1136–1157, [8]. See Brands, S.J. (1989-2015), [9].

In “protozoa”, “flagellated protists”,

Adl et al. (2005)[edit]

From The new higher level classification of eukaryotes with emphasis on the taxonomy of protists, [10].


Adl et al. (2012)[edit]

Adl, S. M. et al. (2012). The revised classification of eukaryotes. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology 59 (5): 429–514, [11].


[Notes: M, monotypic group with only one described species; P, paraphyletic group; R, ribogroup assembled from phylogenetic studies.]