Grayia spinosa

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Grayia spinosa


Taxonavigation: Caryophyllales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Amaranthaceae s.l.
Cladus: Chenopodiaceae s.str.
Subfamilia: Chenopodioideae
Tribus: Chenopodieae (incl. Atripliceae)
Genus: Grayia
Species: Grayia spinosa


Grayia spinosa (Hook.) Moq., Prodr. [A. P. de Candolle] 13(2): 119. (1849)


  • Basionym
    • Chenopodium spinosum Hook., Fl. Bor.-Amer. (Hooker) 2(9): 127. (1838)
      • Type: (USA, California): D.Douglas s.n. Holotype: K.
  • Homotypic
    • Grayia polygaloides Hook. & Arn., Bot. Beechey Voy. 387. (1840), nom.illeg.
    • Eremosemium spinosum (Hook.) Greene, Pittonia 4(23): 225. (1900)
    • Atriplex spinosa Collotzi ex C.L.Hitchc., Fl. Pacif. Northw. 94. (1973), nom. inval. (and later homonym of Atriplex spinosa (Moq.) D.Dietr. 1852)
    • Atriplex grayi Collotzi ex W.A.Weber (1985), nom nov.


Native distribution areas:
  • Northern America
    • Northwestern U.S.A.
      • Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Oregon, Washington State, Wyoming
    • Southwestern U.S.A.
      • Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah
    • South-Central U.S.A.
      • New Mexico

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition


Primary references[edit]

Additional references[edit]

  • Zacharias, E.H. & Baldwin, B.G. 2010. A molecular phylogeny of North American Atripliceae (Chenopodiaceae), with implications for floral and photosynthetic pathway evolution. Systematic botany, 35(4): 839-857. DOI: 10.1600/036364410X539907 Reference page
  • Holmgren, N.H.
  • eFloras 2008. Grayia spinosa in Flora of North America . Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.


Vernacular names[edit]

English: hopsage, spiny hopsage
For more multimedia, look at Grayia spinosa on Wikimedia Commons.