Epipactis atrorubens

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Epipactis atrorubens

Taxonavigation[edit]

Taxonavigation: Asparagales 
Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Neottieae
Genus: Epipactis
Species: Epipactis atrorubens

Name[edit]

Epipactis atrorubens (Hoffm.) Besser, Prim. Fl. Galic. 2: 220. (1809)

Synonyms[edit]

  • Basionym
    • Serapias latifolia atrorubens Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl., ed. 2, 2: 182. (1804)
  • Homotypic
    • Serapias atrorubens (Hoffm.) Bernh., Neues J. Bot. 1(3): 172. (1806)
    • Epipactis latifolia var. atrorubens (Hoffm.) Irmisch, Linnaea 16: 450. (1842)
    • Helleborine atrorubens (Hoffm.) Druce, Ann. Scott. Nat. Hist. 1905: 48. (1905).
  • Heterotypic
    • Epipactis helleborine var. rubiginosa Crantz, Stirp. Austr. Fasc., ed. 2, 2: 467. (1769)
    • Epipactis helleborine var. viridans Crantz, Stirp. Austr. Fasc., ed. 2, 2: 467. (1769)
    • Serapias latifolia O.F.Müll.. in G.C.Oeder & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Dan.: t. 811. (1780), nom. illeg.
    • Serapias latifolia var. sylvestris Pers., Syn. Pl. 2: 512. (1807)
    • Epipactis atropurpurea Raf., Caratt. Nuov. Gen.: 87. (1810)
    • Serapias sylvestris Murray ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot.: 766. (1821)
    • Epipactis latifolia var. rubiginosa (Crantz) Gaudin, Fl. Helv. 5: 465. (1829)
    • Epipactis latifolia Less., Linnaea 9: 156. (1834), nom. illeg.
    • Epipactis media Fr., Novit. Fl. Suec. Mant. 2: 54. (1839)
    • Epipactis macropodia Peterm., Fl. Bienitz: 31. (1841)
    • Epipactis rubiginosa (Crantz) Gaudin ex W.D.J.Koch, Syn. Fl. Germ. Helv., ed. 2: 801. (1844)
    • Epipactis latifolia subvar. lutescens Coss. & Germ., Fl. Descr. Anal. Paris: 561. (1845)
    • Epipactis latifolia var. minor Neilr., Fl. Nied.-Oesterr.: 203. (1859)
    • Epipactis latifolia var. viridans (Crantz) Asch., Fl. Brandenburg 1: 693. (1864)
    • Epipactis atrorubens var. media (Fr.) Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 688. (1882)
    • Epipactis microphylla Sieber ex Nyman|Epipactis microphylla Sieber ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur.: 688. (1882), nom. inval.
    • Epipactis latifolia f. viridans (Crantz) Dichtl, Deutsche Bot. Monatsschr. 1: 149. (1883)
    • Epipactis viridans (Crantz) Beck, Fl. Nieder-Österreich: 214. (1890)
    • Limodorum rubiginosum (Crantz) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 671. (1891)
    • Epipactis atropurpurea f. pallens Beckh., Fl. Westfalen: 855. (1893)
    • Epipactis rubiginosa f. latifolia Tocl, Beitr. Fl. Nordung.: 5. (1900)
    • Helleborine media (Fr.) Druce, Ann. Scott. Nat. Hist. 1905: 48. (1905)
    • Epipactis atropurpurea var. orbicularis Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 228. (1906)
    • Epipactis rubiginosa var. orbicularis Zapal., Consp. Fl. Gallic. Crit. 1: 228. (1906)
    • Helleborine atropurpurea (Raf.) Schinz & Thell., Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 53: 588. (1908)
    • Epipactis atropurpurea var. leviconica Engenst., Allg. Bot. Z. Syst. 18: 111. (1912)
    • Epipactis atropurpurea subvar. lutescens (Coss. & Germ.) Rouy in G.Rouy & J.Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 206. (1912)
    • Epipactis atropurpurea subvar. virescens Rouy in G.Rouy & J.Foucaud, Fl. France 13: 206. (1912)
    • Epipactis atrorubens var. stenopetala W.Zimm., Form. Orch. Deut.: 74. (1912)
    • Amesia atropurpurea (Raf.) A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr., Bot. Gaz. 56: 47. (1913)
    • Helleborine rubiginosa (Crantz) Samp., Herb. Portug.: 36. (1913)
    • Helleborine viridans (Crantz) Samp., Herb. Portug.: 36. (1913)
    • Amesia rubiginosa (Crantz) Mousley, Canad. Field-Naturalist 40: 182. (1926)
    • Helleborine atropurpurea f. alternifolia G.Froel. ex Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 34. (1927)
    • Helleborine atropurpurea f. borbasii Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 34. (1927)
    • Helleborine atropurpurea f. latifolia (Tocl) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 34. (1927)
    • Helleborine atropurpurea f. leviconica (Engenst.) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 34. (1927)
    • Helleborine atropurpurea lusus lutescens (Coss. & Germ.) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 34. (1927)
    • Helleborine atropurpurea f. orbicularis (Zapal.) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 34. (1927)
    • Helleborine atropurpurea lusus pallens (Beckh.) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 34. (1927)
    • Helleborine atropurpurea f. radnensis Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 34. (1927)
    • Helleborine atropurpurea f. suboppositifolia G.Froel.. ex Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 34. (1927)
    • Helleborine atropurpurea var. tremolsii (Pau) Soó, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 34. (1927)
    • Epipactis atrorubens subvar. albiflora E.G.Camus in E.G.Camus & A.Camus, Iconogr. Orchid. Europe 2: 481. (1929)
    • Epipactis atrorubens subvar. borbasii (Soó) E.G.Camus in E.G.Camus & A.Camus, Iconogr. Orchid. Europe 2: 481. (1929)
    • Epipactis atrorubens subvar. lutescens (Coss. & Germ.) E.G.Camus in E.G.Camus & A.Camus, Iconogr. Orchid. Europe 2: 481. (1929)
    • Epipactis atrorubens subvar. radnensis (Soó) E.G.Camus in E.G.Camus & A.Camus, Iconogr. Orchid. Europe 2: 481. (1929)
    • Epipactis atrorubens subvar. suboppositifolia (G.Froel. ex Soó) E.G.Camus in E.G.Camus & A.Camus, Iconogr. Orchid. Europe 2: 481. (1929)
    • Epipactis atrorubens subvar. viridiflora (Sanio) E.G.Camus in E.G.Camus & A.Camus, Iconogr. Orchid. Europe 2: 481. (1929), nom. illeg.
    • Epipactis atrorubens f. pallens (Beckh.) Hyl., Nomenkl. Stud. Nord. Gefässpfl.: 119. (1945)
    • Epipactis helleborine subsp. viridans (Crantz) O.Schwarz, Mitt. Thüring. Bot. Ges. 1: 92. (1949)
    • Epipactis atropurpurea var. longibracteata Bordz. in Fl. RSS Ucr. 3: 344. (1950)
    • Epipactis atropurpurea var. majoriflora Bordz., in Fl. RSS Ucr. 3: 344. (1950)
    • Epipactis atrorubens f. angustifolia Snarskis, Lietuvos T.S.R. Fl. 2: 678. (1963)
    • Epipactis atrorubens subsp. borbasii Soó in Z.Kárpáti, Magyar Fl.: 703. (1968)
    • Epipactis atrorubens f. latifolia (Tocl) Soó, Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest. Rolando Eötvös, Sect. Biol. 11: 57. (1969)
    • Epipactis atrorubens f. longibracteata (Bordz.) Soó, Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest. Rolando Eötvös, Sect. Biol. 11: 57. (1969)
    • Epipactis atrorubens f. majoriflora (Bordz.) Soó, Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest. Rolando Eötvös, Sect. Biol. 11: 57. (1969)
    • Epipactis atrorubens f. orbicularis (Zapal.) Soó, Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest. Rolando Eötvös, Sect. Biol. 11: 57. (1969)
    • Epipactis atrorubens subsp. triploidea Gelbr. & G.Hamel, Gleditschia 15: 204. (1987)
    • Epipactis subclausa Robatsch, Linzer Biol. Beitr. 20: 167. (1988)
    • Epipactis thessala B.Baumann & H.Baumann, Mitt. Arbeitskreis Heimische Orchid. Baden-Württemberg 20: 5. (1988)
    • Epipactis danubialis Robatsch & Rydlo, Linzer Biol. Beitr. 21: 296. (1989)
    • Epipactis atrorubens f. sirneensis Neirynck, Caesiana 5: 44. (1995)
    • Epipactis spiridonovii Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers, Naturalistes Belges 76: 87. (1995)
    • Epipactis atrorubens subsp. danubialis (Robatsch & Rydlo) Ciocârlan & R.Rösler, J. Eur. Orch. 36: 812. (2004)
    • Epipactis atrorubens subsp. spiridonovii (Devillers-Tersch. & Devillers) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid.: 59. (2004)
    • Epipactis atrorubens subsp. subclausa (Robatsch) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid.: 59. (2004)
    • Epipactis atrorubens var. triploidea (Gelbr. & G.Hamel) Kreutz, Kompend. Eur. Orchid.: 60. (2004)
    • Epipactis atrorubens var. atrata A.Waldner & Webernd., J. Eur. Orch. 37: 132. (2005)
    • Epipactis persica subsp. danubialis (Robatsch & Rydlo) Kreutz, Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 24(1): 183. (2007)
    • Epipactis atrorubens var. macedonica Kreutz, Tsiftsis & Antonop., Ber. Arbeitskreis. Heimische Orchid. 26(2): 32. (2009)

Homonym[edit]

References[edit]

Native distribution areas

Display the range areas:
  • Continental: Asia-Temperate
    • Regional: Caucasus
      • North Caucasus, Transcaucasus.
    • Regional: Siberia
      • West Siberia.
  • Continental: Europe
    • Regional: Eastern Europe
      • Baltic States, Belarus, Central European Russia, East European Russia, Krym, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, South European Russia, Ukraine.
    • Regional: Middle Europe
      • Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Hungary, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland.
    • Regional: Northern Europe
      • Denmark, Finland, Great Britain, Ireland, Norway, Sweden.
    • Regional: Southeastern Europe
      • Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Romania, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia.
    • Regional: Southwestern Europe
      • France, Spain.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDGW – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Vernacular names[edit]

беларуская: Гайнік цёмна-чырвоны
čeština: kruštík tmavočervený
Deutsch: Braunrote Ständelwurz
English: Royal helleborine


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