Ensifera (Orthoptera)

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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Cladus: Dicondylia
Subclassis: Pterygota
Ordo: Orthoptera
Subordo: Ensifera
Superfamiliae (6): Grylloidea - Hagloidea - Rhaphidophoroidea - Schizodactyloidea - Stenopelmatoidea - Tettigonioidea + fossil superfamiliae


  • Ingrisch, S. 2011: Order Orthoptera Oliver, 1789. In: Zhang, Z.-Q. (ed.) 2011: Animal biodiversity: an outline of higher-level classification and survey of taxonomic richness. Zootaxa, 3148: 195–197. ISBN 978-1-86977-849-1 (paperback) ISBN 978-1-86977-850-7 (online edition) PDF
  • Jost, M.C.; Shaw, K.L. 2006: Phylogeny of Ensifera (Hexapoda: Orthoptera) using three ribosomal loci, with implications for the evolution of acoustic communication. Molecular phylogenetics and evolution, 38: 510-530.
  • Yang, J., Ren, Q-L. & Huang, Y. 2016. Complete mitochondrial genomes of three crickets (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) and comparative analyses within Ensifera mitogenomes. Zootaxa 4092(4): 529–547. doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.4092.4.4reference page 


Vernacular names[edit]

English: crickets and katydids
español: grillos
magyar: Tojócsövesek
日本語: キリギリス亜目(剣弁亜目)
Nordfriisk: Hopern an staapken
português: grilos e esperanças
中文: 長角亞目
For more multimedia, look at Ensifera on Wikimedia Commons.