Eli Greenbaum

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Eli Greenbaum, American herpetologist.

  • Associate Professor of Evolutionary Genetics in the Department of Biological Sciences at UTEP. Eli has been studying how African frog species are related to each other and where the species boundaries lie.
  • Website

Taxon names authored

(List may be incomplete)


(List may be incomplete)


  • Greenbaum, E., and J. L. Carr., 2001: Sexual differentiation in the spiny softshell turtle (Apalone spinifera), a species with genetic sex determination. Journal of Experimental Zoology 290:190–200.


  • Greenbaum, E., 2002: A standardized series of embryonic stages for the emydid turtle Trachemys scripta. Canadian Journal of Zoology 80:1150–1170.
  • Greenbaum, E., and J. L. Carr., 2002: Staging criteria for embryos of the spiny softshell turtle, Apalone spinifera (Testudines: Trionychidae). Journal of Morphology 254:272–291.


  • Greenbaum, E., N. Galeva, and M. Jorgensen., 2003: Venom variation and chemoreception of the viperid Agkistrodon contortrix: evidence for adaptation? Journal of Chemical Ecology 29:1741–1755.


  • Greenbaum, E., J. L. Carr, and A. Almendáriz., 2004: Taxonomic status of Tantilla equatoriana Wilson and Mena 1980 (Serpentes: Colubridae). The Southwestern Naturalist 49:457–464.
  • Greenbaum, E., 2004: A new species of Bolitoglossa (Amphibia: Caudata: Plethodontidae) from montane forests in Guatemala and El Salvador. Journal of Herpetology 38:411–421.
  • Greenbaum, E., and M. Jorgensen., 2004: Envenomated-invertebrate prey preference of Agkistrodon contortrix (Serpentes: Viperidae) during strike-induced chemosensory searching. Amphibia-Reptilia 25:165–172.
  • Greenbaum, E., 2004: The influence of prey-scent stimuli on predatory behavior of the North American copperhead Agkistrodon contortrix (Serpentes: Viperidae). Behavioral Ecology 15:345–350.


  • Greenbaum, E., and O. Komar., 2005: Threat assessment and conservation prioritization of the herpetofauna of El Salvador. Biodiversity and Conservation 14:2377–2395.
  • Greenbaum, E., 2005: Systematics of West African skinks in the Chalcides thierryi group: composition, distribution, and redescription of types. African Journal of Herpetology 54:17–29.
  • Greenbaum, E., and J. L. Carr., 2005: The herpetofauna of Upper Niger National Park, Guinea, West Africa. Scientific Papers, Natural History Museum, The University of Kansas 37:1–21.
  • Sheil, C. A., and E. Greenbaum., 2005: Reconsideration of skeletal development of Chelydra serpentina (Reptilia: Testudinata: Chelydridae): evidence for intraspecific variation. Journal of Zoology, London 265:235–267.


  • Bauer, A. M., T. Jackman, E. Greenbaum, and T. J. Papenfuss., 2006: Confirmation of the occurrence of Hemidactylus robustus Heyden, 1827 (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) in Iran and Pakistan. Zoology in the Middle East 39:59–62.
  • Greenbaum, E., A. C. Campbell, and C. J. Raxworthy., 2006: A revision of sub-Saharan Chalcides (Squamata: Scincidae), with redescriptions of two East African species. Herpetologica 62:71–89.


  • Greenbaum, E., A. M. Bauer, and T. R. Jackman., 2007: Homopholis and Blaesodactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) revisited: new insights from a molecular phylogeny. African Journal of Herpetology 56:101–114.
  • Jackman, T. R., A. M. Bauer, E. Greenbaum, M. Vences, and F. Glaw., 2007: Molecular phylogenetic relationships among species of the Malagasy-Comoran gecko genus Paroedura (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46:74–81.
  • Greenbaum, E., A. M. Bauer, T. R. Jackman, M. Vences, and F. Glaw., 2007: A phylogeny of the enigmatic Madagascan geckos of the genus Uroplatus (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 1493:41–51.
  • Pramuk, J. B., M. J. Grose, A. L. Clarke, E. Greenbaum, E. Bonaccorso, J. M. Guayasamin, A. H. Smith, B. W. Benz, B. R. Harris, E. Siegfreid, Y. R. Reid, N. Holcroft, and E. O. Wiley., 2007: Phylogeny of finescale shiners of the genus Lythrurus (Cypriniformes: Cyprinidae) inferred from four mitochondrial genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 42:287–297.
  • Bauer, A. M., T. R. Jackman, E. Greenbaum, and T. J. Papenfuss., 2007: First record of Lepidodactylus lugubris in Suriname. Applied Herpetology 4:84–85.
  • Herrera, N., V. Henríquez, and E. Greenbaum., 2007: New department and country records for amphibians and reptiles from El Salvador. Herpetological Review 38:222–226.
  • Bauer, A. M., A. De Silva, E. Greenbaum, and T. R. Jackman., 2007: A new species of day gecko from high elevation in Sri Lanka, with a preliminary phylogeny of Sri Lankan Cnemaspis (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae). Mitteilungen aus dem Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Zoologische Reihe 83 (Sonderheft):22–32.


  • Bauer, A. M., V. B. Giri, E. Greenbaum, T. R. Jackman, M. S. Dharne, and Y. S. Shouche., 2008: On the systematics of the gekkonid genus Teratolepis Günther, 1869: another one bites the dust. Hamadryad 33:13–27.
  • Jackman, T. R., A. M. Bauer, and E. Greenbaum., 2008: Phylogenetic relationships of geckos of the genus Nactus and their relatives (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Acta Herpetologica 3:1–18.
  • Simmons, J. E., A. C. Campbell, and E. Greenbaum., 2008: Presence of elemental mercury in fluid preserved specimens. Collection Forum 22:32–36.
  • McCranie, J. R., and E. Greenbaum., 2008: Bolitoglossa heiroreias Greenbaum. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 842:1–3.
  • Gamble, T., A. M. Bauer, E. Greenbaum, and T. R. Jackman., 2008: Out of the blue: a novel, trans-Atlantic clade of gecko lizards (Gekkota, Squamata). Zoologica Scripta 37:355–366.
  • Greenbaum, E., C. Kusamba, M. Aristote, and K. D. Reed., 2008: Amphibian chytrid fungus infections in Hyperolius (Anura: Hyperoliidae) from eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Herpetological Review 39:70–73.
  • Gamble, T., A. M. Bauer, E. Greenbaum, and T. R. Jackman., 2008: Evidence for Gondwanan vicariance in an ancient clade of gecko lizards. Journal of Biogeography 35:88–104.


  • Heinicke, M. P., E. Greenbaum, T. R. Jackman, and A. M. Bauer., 2010: Molecular phylogenetics of Pacific Nactus (Squamata: Gekkota: Gekkonidae) and the diphyly of Australian species. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 61:633–646.
  • Bauer, A. M., T. R. Jackman, E. Greenbaum, A. de Silva, V. B. Giri, and I. Das., 2010: Molecular evidence for the taxonomic status of Hemidactylus brookii group taxa (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Herpetological Journal 20:129–138.
  • Bauer, A. M., T. R. Jackman, E. Greenbaum, V. B. Giri, and A. de Silva., 2010: South Asia supports a major endemic radiation of Hemidactylus geckos. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57:343–352.


  • Sinsch, U., E. Greenbaum, C. Kusamba and E. Lehr. 2011: Rapid assessment of montane anuran communities in the Albertine Rift: Hyperolius castaneus Ahl, 1931 as a focal species for conservation. African Zoology 46:320–333.
  • Greenbaum, E., C. O. Villanueva, C. Kusamba, M. M. Aristote and W. R. Branch. 2011: A molecular phylogeny of Equatorial African Lacertidae, with the description of a new genus and species from eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 163:913–942.
  • Heinicke, M. P., E. Greenbaum, T. Jackman, and A. M. Bauer. 2011: Phylogeny of a trans-Wallacean radiation (Squamata, Gekkonidae, Gehyra) supports a single early colonization of Australia. Zoologica Scripta 40:584–602.
  • Roelke, C. E., E. Greenbaum, C. Kusamba, M. M. Aristote, and E. N. Smith. 2011: Systematics and conservation status of two distinct Albertine Rift treefrogs, Leptopelis karissimbensis and Leptopelis kivuensis (Anura: Arthroleptidae). Journal of Herpetology 45:343–351.
  • Greenbaum, E., E. N. Smith, and R. O. de Sá. 2011: Molecular systematics of the Middle American genus Hypopachus (Anura: Microhylidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61:265–277.
  • Rösler, H., A. M. Bauer, M. Heinicke, E. Greenbaum, T. Jackman, T. Q. Nguyen, and T. Ziegler. 2011: Phylogeny, taxonomy and zoogeography of the genus Gekko Laurenti, 1768 with the revalidation of G. reevesii Gray, 1831 (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 2989: 1–50.
  • Gamble, T., A. M. Bauer, G. R. Colli, E. Greenbaum, L. J. Vitt, and A. M. Simons. 2011: Coming to America: Multiple origins of New World geckos. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 24:231–244.
  • Evans, B. J., E. Greenbaum, C. Kusamba, T. F. Carter, M. L. Tobias, S. A. Mendel, and D. B. Kelley. 2011: Description of a new octoploid frog species (Anura: Pipidae: Xenopus) from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with a discussion of the biogeography of African clawed frogs in the Albertine Rift. Journal of Zoology, London 283: 276–290.


  • Eli Greenbaum, Frank Portillo, Chifundera Kusamba, 2012: Systematics of the poorly known treefrog Leptopelis fiziensis (Anura: Arthroleptidae), with a description of its call. African journal of herpetology, 61(2), 113-127.
  • Heinicke, M. P., E. Greenbaum, T. R. Jackman, and A. M. Bauer. 2012: Evolution of gliding in Southeast Asian geckos and other vertebrates is temporally congruent with dipterocarp forest development. Biology Letters 8:994–997.
  • de Sá, R. O., J. W. Streicher, R. Selenkoyela, M. C. Forlani, S. P. Loader, E. Greenbaum, S. Richards, and C. F. B. Haddad. 2012: Molecular phylogeny of microhylid frogs (Anura: Microhylidae) with emphasis on relationships among New World genera. BMC Evolutionary Biology 12:241 (21 pp).
  • Anderson*, C. G., and E. Greenbaum., 2012: Phylogeography of northern populations of the black-tailed rattlesnake (Crotalus molossus Baird and Girard, 1853), with the revalidation of C. ornatus Hallowell, 1854. Herpetological Monographs 26:19–57.
  • Greenbaum, E., and C. Kusamba., 2012: Conservation implications following the rediscovery of four frog species from the Itombwe Natural Reserve, eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. Herpetological Review 43:253–259.
  • Gamble, T., E. Greenbaum, T. R. Jackman, A. P. Russell, and A. M. Bauer. 2012: Repeated evolution of adhesive toepads in geckos. PLoS ONE 7:e39429.
  • Wagner, P., E. Greenbaum, and A. M. Bauer. 2012: A new species of the Acanthocercus atricollis (Squamata: Agamidae) complex from Zambia. Salamandra 48:21–30.
  • Greenbaum, E., Stanley, E.L., Kusamba, C., Moninga, W.M., Goldberg, S.R. & Bursey, C.R. 2012. A new species of Cordylus (Squamata: Cordylidae) from the Marungu Plateau of south-eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. African Journal of Herpetology 61(1): 14–39. DOI: 10.1080/21564574.2012.666505 Paywall Reference page
  • Oliver, P. M., A. M. Bauer, E. Greenbaum, T. Jackman, and T. Hobbie 2012: Molecular phylogenetics of the arboreal Australian gecko genus Oedura Gray 1842 (Gekkota: Diplodactylidae): Another plesiomorphic grade? Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 63:255–264.
  • Greenbaum, E., K. A. Tolley, A. Joma*, and C. Kusamba. 2012: A new species of chameleon (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae: Kinyongia) from the northern Albertine Rift, Central Africa. Herpetologica 68:60–75.


  • Greenbaum, E., U. Sinsch, E. Lehr, F. Valdez, and C. Kusamba. 2013: Phylogeography of the reed frog Hyperolius castaneus (Anura: Hyperoliidae) from the Albertine Rift of Central Africa: Implications for taxonomy, biogeography and conservation. Zootaxa 3731: 473–494.


  • Frank Portillo, Eli Greenbaum, 2014: At the Edge of a Species Boundary: A New and Relatively Young Species of Leptopelis (Anura: Arthroleptidae) from the Itombwe Plateau, Democratic Republic of the Congo. Herpetologica, 70(1), 100-119 (2014)
  • Portillo, F.; Greenbaum, E.. A New Species of the Leptopelis modestus Complex (Anura: Arthroleptidae) from the Albertine Rift of Central Africa. Journal of herpetology, 48(3): 394–406. DOI: 10.1670/13-043
  • Leaché, A. D., P. Wagner, C. W. Linkem, W. Böhme, T. J. Papenfuss, R. Chong, B. R. Lavin, A. M. Bauer, S. Nielsen, E. Greenbaum, M. -O. Rödel, A. Schmitz, M. LeBreton, I. Ineich, L. Chirio, E. A. Eniang, S. Baha El Din, A. R. Lemmon, and F. T. Burbrink., 2014: Sexual selection drives adaptive radiation in African lizards. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 79: 215–230.
  • Wagner, P., E. Greenbaum, P. Malonza, and W. R. Branch. 2014: Resolving sky island speciation in populations of East African Adolfus alleni (Sauria, Lacertidae). Salamandra 50:1–17.
  • Heinicke, M. P., Juan D. Daza, E. Greenbaum, T. R. Jackman, and A. M. Bauer. 2014: Phylogeny, taxonomy, and biogeography of a circum-Indian Ocean clade of leaf-toed geckos (Reptilia: Gekkota), with a description of two new genera. Systematics and Biodiversity 12:23–42.






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